The colouring of the animal and vegetable kingdom is one of nature’s most magnificent achievements. Among nature’s pigments, the carotenoids are the most common and provide us with some very interesting functions, the most important being to serve as an indicator of the identity and quality of a food source.
Beta-carotene is a yellow to orange pigment which can be found in yellow and orange vegetables (carrots, sweet potatoes, pumpkins, squash), yellow and orange fruits (apricots, cantaloupe melon, mango, paw, nectarines and peaches) and dark green leafy vegetables.
Beta-carotene is probably the most prominent of carotenoids and has numerous applications in food colouring, for beverages but also confectionery, dairy and bakery products.
Depending on their degree of saturation, fatty acids are classified as either saturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids, or polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). PUFA are found in dietary fats and oils, and are known as essential fats. Like vitamins, fatty acids are essential for life; they cannot be made in the body and must be obtained via the diet.
In contrast to saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids, PUFA have at least two double bonds, a feature which crucially affects their structural, physical and chemical properties. PUFA fulfil several functions in human physiology. They are structural constituents of cell membranes, precursors of eicosanoids, structural constituents of the skin’s epidermis and, last but not least, a concentrated source of energy. PUFA have been shown to counter the effects of ‘bad’ fatty acids in our blood, and have important health benefits.
Two large families of PUFA exist: omega-3 PUFA and omega-6 PUFA. Both families can be metabolized to long-chain PUFA (LC-PUFA). The precursor of omega-6 PUFA is linoleic acid (LA), while the precursor of omega-3 PUFA is alpha-linolenic acid (ALA). LA is predominantly obtained from vegetable oils, ALA from green leaves and certain vegetable oils such as soybean oil.
In recent years, numerous studies have suggested that dietary long-chain omega-3 PUFA help maintain the performance of the heart and cardiovascular system, reduce the levels of triglycerides (fats) in the blood, help regulate blood pressure and help maintain a regular heart beat. In addition, omega-3 PUFA have been shown to be helpful in maintaining healthy bones and joints and a healthy brain. They are also very important immediately before and after birth, as they play a key role in the vision processes.
The functional omega-3 PUFA eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are present in fatty fish such as salmon, menhaden, mackerel, herring and tuna. Consumption of these fish tends to be low in Western diets. One way of ensuring an adequate intake of omega-3 PUFA, especially of EPA and DHA, is to consume fortified foods or dietary supplements containing these health-giving natural compounds.
Green tea – a great source of healthful benefits
The healthy benefits of green tea have been embraced by Asian countries for centuries and include detoxification, improvement of blood flow and overall improvement of resistance to disease.
EGCG — the most active substance in green tea
Modern research and scientific data demonstrates that the beneficial effects of green tea are largely due to its main catechin, Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG). Recent research has also indicated that there may be positive effects of EGCG in the field of disease risk reduction regarding cancer and cardiovascular disease. Further research has revealed additional findings where green tea, green tea extract and its constituents can also contribute:
Antioxidant activity removing free radicals
Enhanced metabolism and fat oxidation
Oral health, including fresh breath
Consumer concerns about food quality and safety increasingly shape products and markets. DSM Nutritional Products, the world's largest supplier of nutritional ingredients such as vitamins, carotenoids, fine chemicals and premixes, is committed to providing the highest quality and safety guarantees. To respond to our customers' and consumers' concerns, we have pro-actively introduced the Quali®-C brand guarantee for vitamin C that stands for:
DSM Nutritional Products' Quali®-C is produced in Dalry-Scotland, the only vitamin C plant in the West. Our commitment with Quali®-C is to continue our long-term partnerships, supporting our customers in securing the value of their own products and brands. Quality consciousness and cost consciousness go hand in hand at DSM.
Our site located in the green hills of Scotland has a continuous improvement philosophy. It is based on DSM's highly respected operational excellence program and ensures state-of-the-art production and quality management. DSM has likewise the highest safety, health and environmental standards. The Quali®-C production process is regularly analyzed with the intention of minimizing the eco-footprint even further; where process waste is unavoidable, those components which are of value are recovered.
RONOZYME® ProAct is a unique and pure protease that reduces your feed costs by maximizing protein utilization and improving nutritional value.
RONOZYME® ProAct is selected to perform. It perfectly meets the requirements of modern broiler feeding and is characterized by:
- Hydrolyzing proteins by complementing digestive enzymes
- Targeting a very broad range of protein sources in feed
- Compatibility with other feed enzymes
- Outstanding gut stability
- Excellent stability in feed applications, such as pelleting and premixing.
Vitamins are essential organic nutrients required in very small amounts for normal metabolism, growth and physical well-being. Most vitamins are not made in the body, or only in insufficient amounts, and are mainly obtained through food. When their intake is inadequate, vitamin deficiency disorders are the consequence. Vitamins are present in food in minute quantities compared to the macronutrients protein, carbohydrates and fat. The average adult in industrialized countries eats about 600g of food per day on a dry-weight basis, of which less than 1 gram consists of vitamins.
No single food contains all of the vitamins and, therefore, a balanced and varied diet is necessary for an adequate intake. Each of the 13 vitamins known today has specific functions in the body, which makes every one of them unique and irreplaceable. Vitamins are essential for life!
Of the 13 vitamins, 4 are fat-soluble, namely vitamins A, D, E and K. The other vitamins are water-soluble: vitamin C and the B-complex, consisting of vitamins B1, B2, B6, B12, folic acid, biotin, pantothenic acid and niacin.
Vitamins, UV filters and actives from DSM Nutritional Products have become key ingredients for the cosmetic industry worldwide. The recently launched ALL-Q™ plus offers new concepts and market opportunities. ALL-Q™ plus is a combination of the two essential skin antioxidants Coenzyme Q10 and Vitamin E. Both actives help preserve the natural beauty of the skin by protecting from the damaging effects of UV light.
Coenzyme Q10 and Vitamin E are the only oil-soluble antioxidants naturally present in the epidermis but readily depleted by UV-radiation. Additionally, the endogenous concentration declines with age. ALL-Q™ plus will help reach more protective levels to effectively counteract premature skin ageing.
Products containing peptides have been used for centuries in facial and body care. There is good reason for the many legends telling of the positive effects of such products on the skin. It is now known that the principal agents responsible for this famous skin care effect are bioactive peptides, wherein tripeptides are one of the main active ingredients.
However, despite their potential skin care properties other currently available peptides for cosmetic products may have the disadvantage of: instability of cosmetic formulation, high price for synthetically manufactured peptides and the lack of scientifically proven effectiveness.
The fortification of nutritional products has expanded in recent years to match today's extensive consumer requirements as well as major industry and market trends. It centers today around lifestyle, health and performance concepts, targeting clearly segmented age groups. Offering the right balance of the right nutrients is more important than ever before. We are able to provide you with the safest and most flexible nutritional solutions.
Amino acids are organic molecules which form the building blocks of proteins, which together with fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, trace elements, minerals and water are the basic components of food and feed.
About 20 different amino acids are involved in building body protein. Some cannot be formed in the body and must be added in appropriate quantities to the feed. They are therefore called essential amino acids. If any of the essential amino acids is missing, protein synthesis stops. The first amino acid which interrupts protein synthesis in this way is called the first limiting amino acid.
- Methionine is the first limiting amino acid for poultry. If the natural methionine content of a poultry feed is low, it must be augmented with supplements.
- Lysine is the first limiting amino acid for pigs. If the natural lysine content of a pig feed is low, it must be augmented with supplements.
Antitussives are the ingredients used in pharmaceuticals such as cough linctuses to inhibit the cough reflex.
Conventional antitussives such as codeine derivatives are morphine-related; they are narcotic and can be addictive. DSM Nutritional Products produces the fully synthetic antitussive Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide (DMH), which effectively inhibits the cough reflex at the centre in the brain stem. It is non-narcotic and non-addictive.
UV filters are ingredients which protect skin and hair from the damaging effects of the ultraviolet radiation which forms part of sunlight. Humans need protection from two types of ultraviolet radiation that reach the surface of the earth: UV-A and UV-B:
UV-A radiation has a wavelength of 320-400 nanometres. UV-A penetrates deeper into the skin than UV-B, thereby having a stronger effect on the dermis. It is claimed to be the main cause of skin aging. Ten times more UV-A reaches the Earth's surface than UV-B. UV-A radiation produces damage to cellular proteins, lipids and carbohydrates. Although DNA absorption of UV-A is weak, it can cause structural changes in the DNA molecule (crosslinking). The UV-A band is divided into two subsets: UV-A II (320-340 nanometres) and UV-A I (340-400 nanometres). Research suggests that UV-A II (320-340 nm) in the most damaging to blood vessels.
UV-B radiation has a wavelength of 290-320 nanometres. It does not penetrate as deeply into the skin, but is energy-rich and is responsible for causing sunburn, also called erythema.
Enzymes are proteins which can be found in people, animals, plants and microorganisms alike. Enzymes are natural tools to cut and paste all kinds of biological material and start key biological processes. For example, it is enzymes in our stomachs that break down food into a form that can be absorbed into our bodies and converted into energy. The use of enzymes in the production of foods is nothing new. Cheese, beer and wine are good examples of foods that cannot be made without enzymes.
To understand the action of enzymes, we can use the metaphor of a lock and key. Imagine a substrate (the molecule on which an enzyme acts) as a kind of lock and an enzyme as the only key which will open it. Put the two together, and a rapid reaction takes place which breaks the substrate into two or more smaller parts. The enzyme key is then removed intact to play its role in another reaction.
Feed enzymes have an important role to play in current farming systems. They can increase the digestibility of nutrients, leading to greater efficiency in the production of animal products such as meat and eggs. At the same time they can play a role in minimizing the environmental impact of increased animal production.
Our emulsifiers are used in cosmetics, toiletries and skin-care products to enable the addition of oily ingredients in a water-based medium.
The synthesis of our mild emulsifers, marketed under the trade name AMPHISOL®, was inspired by the natural phospholipids found in the skin. They have been successfully used in skin-care products for decades.