Okra (pronounced US: /ˈoʊkrə/, UK: /ˈɒkrə/), known by many other names, is a flowering plant in the mallow family (along with such species as cotton, cocoa, and hibiscus), valued for its edible green fruits. Okra's scientific name is Abelmoschus esculentus; it is occasionally referred to as Hibiscus esculentus L. The species is an annual or perennial, growing to 2 m tall. The leaves are 10–20 cm long and broad, palmately lobed with 5–7 lobes. The flowers are 4–8 cm diameter, with five white to yellow petals, often with a red or purple spot at the base of each petal. The fruit is a capsule up to 18 cm long, containing numerous seeds.
the eggplant, aubergine, begun, or brinjal, or baygan (solanum melongena), is a plant of the family solanaceae (also known as the nightshades) and genus solanum. It bears a fruit of the same name, commonly used as a vegetable in cooking. As a nightshade, it is closely related to the tomato and potato and is native to india, bangladesh, pakistan, and sri lanka. it is a delicate perennial often cultivated as an annual. It grows 40 to 150 cm (16 to 57 in) tall, with large coarsely lobed leaves that are 10 to 20 cm (4–8 in) long and 5 to 10 cm (2–4 in) broad. (semi-)wild types can grow much larger, to 225 cm (7 ft) with large leaves over 30 cm (12 in) long and 15 cm (6 in) broad. The stem is often spiny. The flowers are white to purple, with a five-lobed corolla and yellow stamens. The fruit is fleshy, less than 3 cm in diameter on wild plants, but much larger in cultivated forms. the fruit is botanically classified as a berry, and contains numerous small, soft seeds, which are edible, but are bitter because they contain (an insignificant amount of) nicotinoid alkaloids, unsurprising as it is a close relative of tobacco.
Drumstick Tree" and variants thereof redirect here. This name is also used for the Golden Shower Tree (Cassia fistulosa). Moringa oleifera, commonly referred to simply as "Moringa" (from Tamil: Muringa and Malayalam: Murunggi), is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Moringa, which is the only genus in the family Moringaceae. It is an exceptionally nutritious vegetable tree with a variety of potential uses. The tree itself is rather slender, with drooping branches that grow to approximately 10 m in height. In cultivation, it is often cut back annually to 1 meter or less and allowed to regrow so that pods and leaves remain within arm's reach. The "Moringa" tree is grown mainly in semi-arid, tropical, and subtropical areas, corresponding in the United States to USDA hardiness zones 9 and 10. While it grows best in dry sandy soil, it tolerates poor soil, including coastal areas. It is a fast-growing, drought-resistant tree that is native to the southern foothills of the Himalayas in northwestern India. Reports that it grows wild in the Middle East or Africa are completely unsubstantiated. Today it is widely cultivated in Africa, Central and South America, Sri Lanka, India, Mexico, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines. It is considered one of the world’s most useful trees, as almost every part of the Moringa tree can be used for food or has some other beneficial property. In the tropics, it is used as forage for livestock, and in many countries, Moringa is used as a micronutrient powder to treat diseases. A traditional food plant in Africa, this little-known vegetable has potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development, and support sustainable landcare.
the guar bean or cluster bean (cyamopsis tetragonolobus) is an annual legume and the source of guar gum. It grows best under conditions with frequent rainfall, but tolerates arid conditions well.  80% of world production occurs in india, but, due to strong demand, the plant is being introduced into new areas. It is known as gawaar in hindi and marathi, gorikayie in kannada, and kotthavarai (கொத்தவரைக்காய்) in tamil.
Momordica charantia is a tropical and subtropical vine of the family Cucurbitaceae, widely grown for edible fruit, which is among the most bitter of all fruits. English names for the plant and its fruit include bitter melon or bitter gourd (translated from Chinese: ; pinyin: k gu ), and goya from Japanese). The original home of the species is not known, other than that it is a native of the tropics. It is widely grown in India and other parts of the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, China, Africa, and the Caribbean.
vicia faba, the broad bean, fava bean, faba bean, field bean, bell bean or tic bean is a species of bean (fabaceae) native to north africa and southwest asia, and extensively cultivated elsewhere. A variety is provisionally recognized: • vicia faba var. Equina pers. – horse bean although usually classified in the same genus vicia as the vetches, some botanists treat it in a separate monotypic genus faba.
richosanthes cucumerina is a tropical or subtropical vine, raised for its strikingly long fruit, used as a vegetable, medicine, and, a lesser known use, crafting didgeridoos. Other names include snake gourd ( trichosanthes cucumerina var. Anguina ), serpent gourd, chichinga, and padwal. It is known as chichinga/chichinge in bengali, potlakaaya (పొట్లకాయ) in telugu, pathola in sinhala, pudalankaai (புடலங்காய்) in tamil, dhunduli in assamese, paduvalakaayi in kannada and padavalanga (പടവലങ്ങ) in malayalam. the narrow, soft-skinned fruit can reach 150 cm long. Its soft, bland, somewhat mucilaginous flesh is similar to that of the luffa and the calabash. It is most popular in the cuisine of south asia and southeast asia. The shoots, tendrils, and leaves are also eaten
phyllanthus emblica, syn. Emblica officinalis) is a deciduous tree of the euphorbiaceae family. It is known for its edible fruit of the same name. the tree is small to medium sized, reaching 8 to 18 m in height, with a crooked trunk and spreading branches. The branchlets are glabrous or finely pubescent, 10–20 cm long, usually deciduous; the leaves simple, subsessile and closely set along branchlets, light green, resembling pinnate leaves. The flowers are greenish-yellow. The fruit is nearly spherical, light greenish yellow, quite smooth and hard on appearance, with 6 vertical stripes or furrows. Ripening in autumn, the berries are harvested by hand after climbing to upper branches bearing the fruits. The taste of indian gooseberry is sour, bitter and astringent, and is quite fibrous. In india, it is common to eat gooseberries steeped in salt water and turmeric to make the sour fruits palatable.
colocasia is a genus of 25 or more species of flowering plants in the family araceae, native to tropical polynesia and southeastern asia.  common names include "elephant-ear", taro, "cocoyam", "dasheen", eddoe, and many other names. The names "elephant-ear" and "cocoyam" are also used for some other large-leaved genera in the araceae, notably xanthosoma and caladium. they are herbaceous perennial plants with a large rhizome on or just below the ground surface. The leaves are large to very large, 20-150 cm long, with a sagittate shape. The elephant's-ear plant gets its name from the leaves, which are shaped like a large ear or shield.
sapodilla (manilkara achras [mill. (fosberg)]) is a long-lived, evergreen tree native to southern mexico, central america and the west indies.  it is grown in huge quantities in india, mexico and was introduced to the philippines during spanish colonisation.
sapodilla grows to 3–4 m tall. It is wind-resistant and the bark is rich in a white, gummy latex called chicle. The ornamental leaves are medium green and glossy. They are alternate, elliptic to ovate, 7–15 cm long, with an entire margin. The white flowers are inconspicuous and bell-like, with a six-lobed corolla. the fruit is a large ellipsoid berry, 4–8 cm in diameter, very much resembling a smooth-skinned potato and containing 2-5 seeds. Inside, its flesh ranges from a pale yellow to an earthy brown color with a grainy texture akin to that of a well-ripened pear. The seeds are black and resemble beans, with a hook at one end that can catch in the throat if swallowed. The fruit has a high latex content and does not ripen until picked.
coccinia grandis, also called tindora (tindori, tindoori), tondli (तोंडली in marathi), toroda/kunduri (oriya), ghiloda, kundri, kundru, kowai, kovai, kovakkai,kovakka, dondakaya (దొండకాయ), manoli, tindla, gentleman's toes (compare lady's fingers), tendli, thendli, thainli, tam lueng, ivy gourd, baby watermelon or little gourd'. coccinia grandis botanical description "dioecious perennial herbaceous vine. Stems mostly glabrous, produced annually from a tuberous rootstock; tendrils simple, axillary. Leaves alternate, simple, blade broadly ovate, 5-lobed, 5-9 x 4-9cm, acute and mucronate at the apex, cordate with a broad sinus at the base; surfaces glabrous or scaly, with 3-8 glands near the base; margins denticulate; petiole 1-5cm long. Inflorescence usually of solitary, axillary flowers. Calyx of 5 subulate, recurved lobes 2-5mm long on the hypanthium; peduncle 1-5cm long. Corolla campanulate, white, 3-4. 5cm long, deeply divided into 5 ovate lobes. Stamens 3, present as staminodes in female flowers. Ovary inferior. Fruit a smooth, bright red, ovoid to ellipsoid berry 2. 5-6cm long" (pier, 2001).
The calabash or bottle gourd (not to be confused with the calabaza) is a vine grown for its fruit, which can either be harvested young and used as a vegetable or harvested mature, dried, and used as a bottle, utensil, or pipe. For this reason, one of the calabash subspecies is known as the bottle gourd. The fresh fruit has a light green smooth skin and a white flesh. However the rounder varieties are called Calabash gourds whereas the longer and slimmer kinds are usually well known as bottle gourds. The calabash was one of the first cultivated plants in the world, grown not for food but as a container. It was named for the calabash tree (Crescentia cujete). The luffa, loofah, or lufah (from Arabic لوف) are tropical and subtropical vines comprising the genus Luffa, the only genus of the subtribe Luffinae. The fruit of at least two species, Luffa acutangula and Luffa aegyptiaca (Luffa cylindrica), is grown, harvested before maturity, and eaten as a vegetable, popular in Asia and Africa. The ripe, dried fruit is also the source of the loofah or plant sponge. Luffa species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Hypercompe albicornis.
elephant foot yam or whitespot giant arum  or stink lily, amorphophallus paeoniifolius is a tropical tuber crop that offers excellent scope for adoption in the tropical countries as a cash crop due to its production potential and popularity as a vegetable in various delicious cuisines. elephant foot yam is basically a crop of southeast asian origin. It grows in wild form in the philippines, malaysia, indonesia, and other southeast asian countries. In india it is grown mostly in kerala, andhra pradesh, maharashtra and orissa. In india it is popularly known as jimmikand, suran and chenna. however, in tonga, teve was seen as the most inferior of all yam species, only to be eaten if really nothing else was available.
a pomegranate is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree growing to between five and eight meters tall. The pomegranate is native to the iranian plateau, and has been cultivated in the caucasus since ancient times. It is widely cultivated throughout armenia, azerbaijan, iran, afghanistan, pakistan, turkey, north india, the drier parts of southeast asia, peninsular malaysia, the east indies, the mediterranean and southern europe and tropical africa.  introduced into latin america and california by spanish settlers in 1769, pomegranate is now cultivated in parts of california and arizona for juice production.  in the northern hemisphere, the fruit is typically in season from september to february.  in the southern hemisphere, it is in season from march to may. an ancient fruit, pomegranate is mentioned in europe as early as the iron-age greek mythology in the homeric hymns. Yet, it has still to reach mainstream prominence as a consumer fruit in commercial markets of north america and the western hemisphere.
ziziphus mauritiana (ber, boroi, indian jujube, chinese apple or cottony jujube) is a tropical fruit tree species, belonging to the family rhamnaceae. It is native to southern asia (mainly india) though it is also cultivated and naturalised elsewhere in the dry tropics, notably in africa. It is a serious environmental weed in northern australia.
the tree grows very fast even in dry regions, reaching heights of 6-12 m with a lifespan of 25 years or more. The leaves are broadly ovate, 4-8 cm long, with a rounded apex. The fruit is a soft, juicy, drupe that is 2. 5 cm diameter and sweet in taste. The fruit ripen at different times even on a single tree and look golden yellow when fully ripe. The size and shape is variable, with selected cultivars having larger fruit. The fruit is eaten raw or pickled or used in beverages. It is quite nutritious and rich in vitamin c.
the fatty-acid methyl ester of z. Mauritiana seed oil meets all of the major biodiesel requirements in the usa (astm d 6751-02, astm ps 121-99), germany (din v 51606) and european union (en 14214). The average oil yield is 4. 95 kg oil/tree or 1371 kg oil/hectare, and arid or semi-arid regions may be utilized due to its drought resistance.
the custard-apple, also called bullock's heart or bull's heart, is the fruit of the tree annona reticulata. This tree is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree sometimes reaching 10 metres (33 ft) tall and a native of the tropical new world that prefers low elevations, and a warm, humid climate. It also occurs as feral populations in many parts of the world including southeast asia, taiwan, india, australia, and africa. 
is a tropical to sub-tropical tree in the family rutaceae, which is native to india. It produces the leaves known as curry leaves or sweet neem leaves. Karivepillai in tamil means black neem as the appearance of the leaves look similar to the neem leaves. it is a small tree, growing 4-6 m tall, with a trunk up to 40 cm diameter. The leaves are pinnate, with 11-21 leaflets, each leaflet 2-4 cm long and 1-2 cm broad. They are highly aromatic. The flowers are small white, and fragrant. The small black, shiny berries are edible, but their seeds are poisonous. the species name commemorates the botanist johann könig. the small and narrow leaves somewhat resemble the leaves of the neem tree; therefore they are also referred to as kadhi patta (hindi), mithho limdo (gujarati) kadhielimba (marathi), (patta meaning leaf and kadhi being a popular dish that consists of a thin soup or stew made from yogurt, among dishes this leaf is used to spice) karivepaku in telugu (aaku means leaf), karuveppilai (translated to black neem leaf) in tamil and malayalam, karu/kari meaning black, ilai meaning leaves and veppilai meaning neem leaf. In the kannada language it is known as kari bevu. Other names include karivepaku karuveppilai, noroxingha (assamese), bhursunga patra (oriya), and karapincha (sinhalese).
chili pepper (from nahuatl chilli), also known as, or spelled, chilli pepper, chilli, chillie, chili, and chile, is the fruit of the plants from the genus capsicum, members of the nightshade family, solanaceae. although botanically speaking, the fruit of capsicums are berries, the peppers are considered as vegetables or spices for culinary purposes. Depending on flavor intensity and fleshiness, their culinary use varies from use as a vegetable (e. G. , bell pepper) to use as a spice (e. G. , cayenne pepper). chili peppers originated in the americas. Their cultivars are now grown around the world, because they are widely used as food and as medicine.
the lemon is a small evergreen tree (citrus limon) originally native to asia, and is also the name of the tree's oval yellow fruit. The fruit is used for culinary and nonculinary purposes throughout the world – primarily for its juice, though the pulp and rind (zest) are also used, mainly in cooking and baking. Lemon juice is about 5% (approximately 0. 3 mole per litre) citric acid, which gives lemons a sour taste, and a ph of 2 to 3. This makes lemon juice an inexpensive, readily available acid for use in educational science experiments. Because of the sour flavor, many lemon-flavored drinks and candies are available, including lemonade.