Sugar Process Equipments
Liquid & gaseous products must be stored during intervals between production, transportation, refining, blending & sealing.
The object of storage at each of these stages is firstly to supply a sufficient balance of each stock to ensure continuity of operations, & secondly ensure that the product is conserved & maintained at an acceptable level of quality & quantity Storage vessels are large –sized . it is fabricated in shop floorer or so large that must be fabricated on site.
Juice Flow Stabilization System
Pressure vessels are used as reaction vessels or kettles for carrying out operations such as blending, dispersion,
gas absorption, dissolution, batch distillation etc.
Under controlled conditions, the vessel may be open or closed. If open, it may have no cover at all, or simply have a
loose-fitting flat lid that prevents splashing or escape of fumes.
Temperature Control Systems
a temperaturetemperaturetemperature controlcontrolcontrol system is a programmable thermostat that can keep the home or office at a desired temperaturetemperaturetemperature regardless of fluctuating exterior conditions. The advantage of having a temperaturetemperaturetemperature controlcontrolcontrol system over a common thermostat is that it can save energy and money by automatically maintaining different temperatures at different times of the day and night.
Pressure Control Systems
pressure regulators are devices designed to monitor and controlcontrolcontrol the amount of pressurepressurepressure running through a system of some type. There are regulators designed to controlcontrolcontrol water pressure as well as gas and fuel pressurepressurepressure. The typical pressurepressurepressure regulator can be set to alert operators of problems when high pressurepressurepressure conditions exceed predetermined safety levels.
Short Tube Vertical Evaporators
A liquid evaporation process unit with a vertical bundle of tubes 2-3 inches (5-8 centimeters) in diameter and 4-6 feet (1.2-1.8 meters) long; the heating fluid is inside the tubes, and the liquid to be evaporated is in the shell area outside the tubes; used mainly to evaporate cane-sugar juice. Also known as calandria evaporator; Roberts evaporator; standard evaporator.
Multiple Effect Evaporators
A multiple-effect evaporator, as defined in chemical engineering, is an apparatus for efficiently using the heat from steam to evaporate water. In a multiple-effect evaporator, water is boiled in a sequence of vessels, each held at a lower pressure than the last. Because the boiling point of water decreases as pressure decreases, the vapor boiled off in one vessel can be used to heat the next, and only the first vessel (at the highest pressure) requires an external source of heat. While in theory, evaporators may be built with an arbitrarily large number of stages, evaporators with more than four stages are rarely practical except in systems where the liquor is the desired product such as in chemical recovery systems where up to seven effects are used.
Flow Control Systems
- Flow Control Systems were developed in the 1950s, and are widely used in multiple engineering disciplines.
- They are one of the classic business process modeling methodologies, along with flow charts, data flow diagrams, functional flow block diagram, Gantt charts, PERT diagrams, and IDEF.