Pearl is a hard and roundest object produced within the soft tissue of a living shelled mollusk. Just like the shell of mollusks, a pearl is composed of calcium carbonate in minute crystalline form, which has been deposited in concentric layers. The ideal pearl is perfectly round and smooth, but many other shapes of pearls occur. Freshwater and saltwater pearls may sometimes look quite similar, but they come from very different sources. Natural pearls are very rare jewels. The actual value of a natural pearl is determined in the same way as it would be for other precious gems. The valuation factors include size, shape, quality of surface and other related factors.
In ancient times, pearls were considered the ultimate symbol of wealth and social standing. During, the dark ages, gallant knights after wore pearls into bottle. They believed the magic of these lustrous gems would protect them from harm.
Hyderabad has always been referred to as the city of pearls even though it is far away from the sea. The Nizams of Hyderabad led a very opulent lifestyle. Hyderabad is the expert for mounding a pearl ,it is made, and separated as per the shape. The drilling is either done horizontally or vertically. This is done by highly skilled artisans It is possible 100% though Hyderabads only . Once this is done, the pearls are graded according to the sheen, glaze, shape, size, luster and uniformity.
Different kinds of ornaments are made from pearls like bracelets, Kundan sets and enameled sets, Satlads seven strand pearl, set with precious stones, lacchas, chand bali , chokers, rassi a chain set in the form of rope chatai a mat type chain, ear rings and rings, hath phool for the fingers and the wrist, vaddenam and Tanmani.