An ample range of Medicinal Plants are supplied and exported by our pool of experts. We offer a wide range of Medicinal Plants from all over india. These Medicinal Plants are used for curing a person and contain no side effects and possess the features like purity and freshness.
Acorus Calamus scented leaves and more strongly scented rhizomes have traditionally been used medicinally and to make fragrances, and the dried and powdered rhizome has been used as a substitute for ginger, cinnamon and nutmeg.
Seed - scarify and then pre-soak the seed for 2 - 3 hours in warm water before sowing it from early spring to early summer in a warm greenhouse. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 12 weeks at 23°C. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots once they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse. Do not plant them out until the following spring. Division as growth commences in spring. Cuttings of moderately ripe wood, July in a frame.
The dried flowers are used in diabetes and haemorrhagic dysentery and seeds are used for curing bone fractures, strangury and vesical calculi. An extract is prepared by grinding the flowers with water, and then taken in a dose of 15 to 60 drops twice a day.
The bark of Saraca Asoca is useful in treating menorrhagia, dysentery, leucorrhea, uterine fibroids and hemorrhage. Therapeutics recommend 90 grams of the bark to be boiled in 30ml of milk and 360ml of water until the total quantity is reduced to 90ml. This is then divided into 2 or 3 doses to be given to menorrhagia patients every day until the bleeding disappears.
Centella Asiatica grows in tropical swampy areas. The stems are slender, creeping stolons, green to reddish-green in color, connecting plants to each other. It has long-stalked, green, reniform leaves with rounded apices which have smooth texture with palmately netted veins. The leaves are borne on pericladial petioles, around 2 cm. The rootstock consists of rhizomes, growing vertically down. They are creamish in color and covered with root hairs
Cissus Quadrangulari has been used as a medicinal plant since antiquity. In siddha medicine it is considered a tonic and analgesic, and is believed to help heal broken bones, thus its name asthisamharaka (that which prevents the destruction of bones). It is said to have antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, anthelmintic, antihemorrhoidal and analgesic activities.
Plant pacifies vitiated tridoshas, constipation, stomatitis, jaundice, disorders of vision, fever, cough, wheezing, cardiac disorders and general weakness. Useful part : Root, Bark, Leaves, Fruits A medium sized deciduous tree grows up to 25 meters in height. Leaves simple, subsessile, many, closely arranged along the thin soft branchlets. Thus it gives false appearance as compound leaf. Flowes greenish yellow, in leaf axils, unisexual, fruit globose, fleshy, greenish yellow, with 6 vertical compartments. Seed 6 faced, stony hard when ripe.
Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis
Chinese hibiscus is a sweet, astringent, cooling herb that checks bleeding, soothes irritated tissues and relaxes spasms. The flowers are aphrodisiac, demulcent, emmenagogue, emollient and refrigerant. They are used internally in the treatment of excessive and painful menstruation, cystitis, venereal diseases, feverish illnesses, bronchial catarrh, coughs and to promote hair growth. An infusion of the flowers is given as a cooling drink to ill people. The leaves are anodyne, aperient, emollient and laxative. A decoction is used as a lotion in the treatment of fevers. The leaves and flowers are beaten into a paste and poulticed onto cancerous swellings and mumps. The flowers are used in the treatment of carbuncles, mumps, fever and sores. The root is a good source of mucilage and is used as a substitute for marsh mallow (Althaea officinalis) in the treatment of coughs and colds. A paste made from the root is used in the treament of venereal diseases.
The seed is abortifacient, alterative, anthelmintic, aphrodisiac, astringent, carminative, demulcent, diuretic, emmenagogue, galactogogue, pectoral and tonic. It stimulates blood circulation. A decoction is used in treating impotency in males, nocturnal emissions, gonorrhoea and incontinence of urine. It has also proved effective in treating painful urination, gout and kidney diseases. The plant has shown anticancer activity. The flowers are used in the treatment of leprosy. The stems are used in the treatment of scabious skin diseases and psoriasis. The dried and concocted fruits are used in the treatment of congestion, gas, headache, liver, ophthalmia and stomatitis.
Liquorice his one of the most commonly used herbs in Western herbal medicine and has a very long history of use, both as a medicine and also as a flavouring to disguise the unpleasant flavour of other medications. It is a very sweet, moist, soothing herb that detoxifies and protects the liver and is also powerfully anti-inflammatory, being used in conditions as varied as arthritis and mouth ulcers. The root is alterative, antispasmodic, demulcent, diuretic, emollient, expectorant, laxative, moderately pectoral and tonic. The root has also been shown to have a hormonal effect similar to the ovarian hormone. Liquorice root is much used in cough medicines and also in the treatment of catarrhal infections of the urinary tract. It is taken internally in the treatment of Addison's disease, asthma, bronchitis, coughs, peptic ulcer, arthritis, allergic complaints and following steroidal therapy. It should be used in moderation and should not be prescribed for pregnant women or people with high blood pressure, kidney disease or taking digoxin-based medication. Prolonged usage raises the blood pressure and causes water retention. See also the notes above on toxicity. Externally, the root is used in the treatment of herpes, eczema and shingles. The root is harvested in the autumn when 3 - 4 years old and is dried for later use.
Huniyan is a small, inconspicuous undershrub growing up to 15 centimeters in height, produced from stout, elongated, woody roots, with hardly any stems. Roots are about as thick as a crowquill with numerous, almost-globular, woody knots. Leaves are simple, obovate-oblong or obovate, up to 13 centimeters long, 6.5 centimeters wide, and pointed at both ends, with entire and irregularly toothed margins. Stalks are very short, 2 to 4 millimeters long. Flowers are greenish-white, 4-parted, and borne on short, terminal inflorescences about 1 centimeter long. Fruit is black, broadly obovoid, and 4 to 5 millimeters in diameter.
Prosopis Cineraria flower is pounded, mixed with sugar and used during pregnancy as safeguard against miscarriage. Water-soluble extract of the residue from methanol extract of the stem bark exhibits anti-inflammatory properties.
Prosopis Cineraria plant produces gum, which is obtained during May and June. The bark of the tree is dry, acrid, bitter with a sharp taste; cooling anthelmintic; tonic, cures leprosy, dysentery, bronchitis, asthma, leukoderma, hemorrhoids and muscle tremors. The smoke of the leaves is good for eye troubles. The fruit is dry and hot, with a flavor, indigestible, causes biliousness, and destroys the nails and the hair. The pod is considered astringent in Punjab. The bark is used as a remedy for rheumatism, cough, the common cold, asthma, and scorpion stings. The plant is recommended for the treatment of snakebite
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by polyurea, polydipsia, hyperglycemia, glycosuria, and generalized weakness may be associated with weight loss. This is the disease that affects every tissue and every organ of the body and is responsible for significant morbidity, reduced life expectancy, and diminished quality of life. It has been seen that there is no any organ or system spared from the diabetic complications, such as nephropathy, neuropathy, retinopathy, and so on. So there is a need for effective drugs for controlling Diabetes and preventing undesirable complications.
Piper Longum is most commonly used to treat stomachache, bronchitis, cough, tumors, diseases of the spleen, insomnia, epilepsy, gonorrhea, diarrhea, cholera, scarlatina, chronic malaria, hepatitis B, asthma, and or as a rejuvenator, aromatic, stimulant and carminative. Piper longum is also applied externally to sooth and relieve muscular pains, rheumatism, paralysis and inflamed skin.
Traditional system of medicine in eastern asia mentions of important uses of this plant i.e. curry leaf tree (Murrya koenigii Family: Rutuceae). Leaves of Murrya koenigii constitute on important ingredient in the Indian diet to improve appetite and digestion.
Murrya koenigii is being used as stimulant, antidysentric and for the management of diabetes mellitus. The leaves root and bark possess tonic, stomachic and carminatives properties. Antiemetic property too is seen in the leaves. Purgative properties have been demonstrated in the stem distillate of the leaves.
External applications of the leaves have been beneficial in bruises, eruption, and to treat bites of poisonous animals.
The leaves being bitter, acrid and cooling have been shown to have cooling, anthelmintic and analgesic action. It is known to cure piles, reduce body heat, thirst, inflammation and itching. Even leucoderma and blood disorders have been controlled.
Pain associated with kidney disorders has been alleviated by the roots of Murrya koenigii. External application of the leaves of Murrya koenigii has been beneficial. Fruits are known to possess nutritional properties.
Ayurvedic uses: Antileprotic, antitumour, anti-inflammatory. Used in psoriasis and erysipelas. Ash of the burnt plant is used for dandruff. Root is used in aphthae.
Bermudagrass is reported to be alterative, anabolic, antiseptic, aperient, astringent, cyanogenetic, demulcent, depurative, diuretic, emollient, sudorific, and vulnerary. A decoction of the root is used as a diuretic in the treatment of dropsy and secondary syphilis. An infusion of the root is used to stop bleeding from piles. The juice of the plant is astringent and is applied externally to fresh cuts and wounds. When mixed with the powder of a clove (Syzygium aromaticum), it is used as an anthelmintic. Internally, it is used in the treatment of chronic diarrhoea and dysentery. It is also useful in the treatment of catarrhal ophthalmia. The juice is also diuretic and is used in the treatment of dropsy and anasarca. The leaf juice has also been used in the treatment of hysteria, epilepsy and insanity. The plant is a folk remedy for anasarca, calculus, cancer, carbuncles, convulsions, cough, cramps, cystitis, diarrhoea, dropsy, dysentery, epilepsy, headache, haemorrhage, hypertension, hysteria, insanity, kidneys, laxative, measles, rubella, snakebite, sores, stones, tumours, uro-genital disorders, warts, and wounds.
Ficus racemosa fruits are used for treating intestinal worms, leucorrhea, menorrhagia, dysmenrrhea, fatigue, epitasis, bowel complaints, blood impurity, horse voice, bronchitis, cystitis, weak erection and leprosy. The bark is galactagogue, acrid, cooling, and also used in treatment of colitis, dysentery, anorexia, piles and menstrual disorders.
The skin of the bark is used in diabetics to stop frequent urination, while bark decoction is used in enema preparation and leaves are drunk for cervical adenitis.
Fruits, flowers and stems possess carminative, anthelmintic and bitter properties, root is expectorant and used in treatment of toothache, chest pain due to cough, asthma and bronchitis. The leaves are applied externally as a pain relieving agent. It also contains solasodine compounds (A chemical used as a precursor in production of contraceptive).
Syzygium Cumini Leaf
A medium sized tree grows up to 30 meters in height. Leaves simple, opposite, ovate, acuminate, gland dotted, smooth; flowers greenish white, in trichotomous panicles; fruits oblong, dark purple when ripe, contain single seeds. Plant pacifies vitiated vata, pitta, diarrhea, diabetes, leucorrhoea, fever, skin diseases and general debility.
Useful part : Bark, Leaves, Fruits
Farmers in India use E. variegata to support climbing plants such as betel (Piper betle), black pepper (Piper nigrum), vanilla (Vanilla planifolia) and yam (Dioscorea spp.) Trees established to support vines are usually planted at a spacing of 2 x 2 to 2 x 3 m. Vines are planted three to four months after establishment of the tree seedlings or during the following rainy season. During the hottest months, foliage from the closely spaced trees shades the vines and keeps them moist. When the days become cooler, the leaves fall
Like many aromatic culinary herbs, the seeds of black cumin are beneficial for the digestive system, soothing stomach pains and spasms and easing wind, bloating and colic. The ripe seed is anthelmintic, carminative, diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, emmenagogue, galactogogue, laxative and stimulant. An infusion is used in the treatment of digestive and menstrual disorders, insufficient lactation and bronchial complaints. The seeds are much used in India to increase the flow of milk in nursing mothers and they can also be used to treat intestinal worms, especially in children. Externally, the seed is ground into a powder, mixed with sesame oil and used to treat abscesses, haemorrhoids and orchitis. The powdered seed has been used to remove lice from the hair.
- For treating chest pain after a heart attack along with conventional treatments: 500 mg of the powdered bark of Terminalia arjuna every 8 hours daily.
- For congestive heart failure: 500 mg of the powdered bark of Terminalia arjuna every 8 hours daily.
The bark is considered astringent, and used for treating nose bleeding, certain chronic skin diseases including eczema, impetigo and vitiligo. Seeds are used as a food flavoring agent, usually dry seeds are powdered and added into stews, breads and cereals.The galls are rich in tannins and also have anti-viral and anti-septic. They are used in treating pharyngitis, diarrhea, dysentery, hemorrhoids, gonorrhea, virginal infections, including leucorrhea.
A strong fibre obtained from the bark can be used for making nets etc. It was a very important fibre plant for the native North American Indians.
A good looking perennial herb twinner. Leaves compound, imparipinnate, leaflets 5 – 7, sub coriaceous, elliptic-oblong, obtuse, flowers white, solitary, axillary or in facicles, fruits nearly straight flattened pods. Seeds 6-10 smooth yellowish brown. Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, migraine, skin diseases, bronchitis, asthma, tuberculosis, ascites, ulcers and fever, jaundice and skin diseases. Seeds are used in abdominal cramps. Promote intellect.
Useful part : Root, leaves, seeds
- Parkinson's disease. Developing research suggests that some cowhage preparations might help improve symptoms of Parkinson's disease when used in combination with prescription drugs such as amantadine, selegiline, and anticholinergic agents. Cowhage contains (L-dopa), a chemical used to treat Parkinson’s disease.
- High levels of a hormone called prolactin (hyperprolactinemia). There is some evidence that cowhage might be useful for treating hyperprolactinemia in men caused by the medication . But cowhage does not appear to be effective for hyperprolactinemia of unknown cause in women.
- Worm infestations.
- Bone and joint conditions.
- Muscle pain.
- Stimulating surface blood flow in conditions that involve paralysis.
- Other conditions.
Citrus species contain a wide range of active ingredients and research is still underway in finding uses for them. They are rich in vitamin C, flavonoids, acids and volatile oils. They also contain coumarins such as bergapten which sensitizes the skin to sunlight. Bergapten is sometimes added to tanning preparations since it promotes pigmentation in the skin, though it can cause dermatitis or allergic responses in some people. Some of the plants more recent applications are as sources of anti-oxidants and chemical exfoliants in specialized cosmetics. The plants also contain umbelliferone, which is antifungal, as well as essential oils that are antifungal and antibacterial. They also contain the pyrone citrantin, which shows antifertility activity and was once used as a component of contraceptives. Both the leaves and the flowers are antispasmodic, digestive and . An infusion is used in the treatment of stomach problems, sluggish digestion etc. The fruit is antiemetic, antitussive, carminative, diaphoretic, digestive and expectorant.The immature fruit can be used (called Zhi Shi in China) or the mature fruit with seeds and endocarp removed (called Zhi Ke). The immature fruit has a stronger action. They are used in the treatment of dyspepsia, constipation, abdominal distension, stuffy sensation in the chest, prolapse of the uterus, rectum and stomach. The fruit peel is bitter, digestive and stomachic. The seed and the pericarp are used in the treatment of anorexia, chest pains, colds, coughs etc. The essential oil is used in aromatherapy. Its keyword is "Radiance". It is used in treating depression, tension and skin problems.
- Diabetes. Developing research suggests that taking a specific gymnema extract (GS4) by mouth, in combination with insulin or diabetes medications, can enhance blood sugar reduction in people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
- Metabolic syndrome.
- Weight loss.
- Stimulating digestion.
- Snake bites.
- Softening the stool (laxative).
- Increasing urine excretion (diuretic).
Seed - surface sow in a greenhouse in late winter and seal the pot in a plastic bag until germination takes place - this is usually within 2 weeks at 20°C. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow on the plants in a greenhouse for their first year. Store the tubers in a cool frost-free place and plant them out into their permanent positions in the spring, after the last expected frosts. Division. Harvest the tubers in the autumn after the top growth has been cut back by frost, store them in a cool but frost-free place over winter and plant them out in spring.
makes use of the herb hemidesmus indicus in several different ways, most notably as a diuretic and a blood purifier. The herb, also known as false sarsaparilla, is also made into a tonic that is used to improve mental function, and it is employed in treatments to help ease skin infections, rheumatism and urinary problems. Hemidesmus indicus also is used in treatments for piles, insect bites, dysentery, gonorrhea and jaundice.
Myristica Fragrans (Fruit)
The nuts have been chewed as a treatment for indigestion. A decoction of the nuts has been used in the treatment of tuberculosis. The crushed seeds have been rubbed on the temples in the treatment of headaches. They have also been rubbed on the body to cause sweating in the treatment of chills and fevers.
Nutmeg and mace have similar taste qualities, nutmeg having a slightly sweeter and mace a more delicate flavor. Mace is often preferred in light-coloured dishes for the bright orange, saffron-like colour it imparts. It is nice in cheese sauces and is best grated fresh (see nutmeg grater). In Indian cuisine, nutmeg is used almost exclusively in sweets. It is known as jaiphal in most parts of India. It is also used in small quantities in garam masala. In other European cuisine, nutmeg and mace are used especially in potato dishes and in processed meat products; they are also used in soups, sauces and baked goods. Japanese varieties of curry powder include nutmeg as an ingredient. Nutmeg is a traditional ingredient in mulled cider, mulled , and eggnog.
Nutmeg is usually associated with sweet, spicy dishes — pies, puddings, custards, cookies and spice cakes. It combines well with many cheeses, and is included in soufflés and cheese sauces. In soups it works with tomatoes, slit pea, chicken or black beans. It complements egg dishes and vegetables like cabbage, spinach, broccoli, beans onions and eggplant. It flavours Italian mortadella sausages, Scottish haggis and Middle Eastern lamb dishes. It is often included as part of the Moroccan spice blend ras el hanout. It is indispensable to eggnog and numerous mulled wines and punches.
One whole nutmeg grated equals 2 to 3 teaspoons of ground nutmeg.
|The essential oil is obtained by the steam distillation of ground nutmeg and is used heavily in the perfumery and pharmaceutical industries. The oil is colorless or light yellow and smells and tastes of nutmeg. It contains numerous components of interest to the oleochemical industry, and is used as a natural food flavouring in baked goods, syrups (e.g. Coca Cola), beverages, sweets etc. It replaces ground nutmeg as it leaves no particles in the food. The essential oil is also used in the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries for instance in tooth paste and as major ingredient in some cough syrups. In traditional medicine nutmeg and nutmeg oil were used for illnesses related to the nervous and digestive systems. Myristicin and elemicin are believed to be the chemical constituents responsible for the subtle hallucinogenic properties of nutmeg oil. Other known chemical ingredients of the oil are α-pinene, sabinene, γ-terpinene and safrole. Externally, the oil is used for rheumatic pain and, like clove oil, can be applied as an emergency treatment to dull toothache. Put 1-2 drops on a cotton swab, and apply to the gums around an aching tooth until dental treatment can be obtained. In France, it is given in drop doses in honey for digestive upsets and used for bad breath. Use 3-5 drops on a sugar lump or in a teaspoon of honey for nausea, gastroenteritis, chronic diarrhea, and indigestion. Alternatively a massage oil can be created by diluting 10 drops in 10 ml almond oil. This can be used for muscular pains associated with rheumatism or overexertion. It can also be combined with thyme or rosemary essential oils. To prepare for childbirth, massaging the abdomen daily in the three weeks before the baby is due with a mixture of 5 drops nutmeg oil and no more than 5 drops sage oil in 25 ml almond oil has been suggested.|
The juice of the rhizome is used in the treatment of stomach disorders.
Other beneficial uses:
- Ginger is an excellent remedy for digestive complaints (indigestion, nausea, gas, colic and congestion)
- Ginger's antiseptic qualities make it highly beneficial for gastro-intestinal infections
- Circulatory stimulant - stimulates the circulation making it an important remedy for chilblains and poor circulation. By improving the circulation, ginger helps reducing high blood pressure
- Ginger also increases sweating and helps reduce body temperature in fevers
- Ginger helps to "thin" the blood as well as to lower cholesterol
- Ginger is useful as a supplement for heartburn & halitosis (bad breath)
- This herb is known to relieve vomiting and to sooth the stomach and spleen in the process
- Ginger is a warm vascular stimulant and body cleanser. It encourages the removal of toxins through the skin, and through increased kidney filtration
- Ginger relieves motion sickness and morning sickness
This herb has a long history of use in African traditional medicine for a range of conditions including headaches, Influenza, mild asthma, sinusitis, throat infections, thrush, candida, premenstrual syndrome and menstrual cramps.
The root or rhizome is the part used, and comes to market in jointed branches called races or hands. The smell of ginger is aromatic and penetrating, the taste spicy, pungent, hot and biting.
African Ginger is a deciduous plant with large, hairless leaves, developing annually from a small, distinctive cone-shaped rhizome. The spectacular flowers appear at ground level in early summer. Because of its medicinal uses it has been over-harvested and has a restricted distribution in Mpumalanga and the Northern Province and has become extinct in Kwa Zulu Natal.
Ginger has a stimulating effect on the heart and circulation, creating a feeling of warmth and well-being and restoring vitality, especially for those feeling the cold in winter. Hot ginger tea promotes perspiration, brings down a fever and helps to clear catarrh. Ginger has a stimulating and expectorant action in the lungs, expelling phlegm and relieving catarrhal coughs and chest infections. Ginger is a wonderful aid to digestion. It invigorates the stomach and intestines, stimulating the appetite and enhancing digestion by encouraging secretion of digestive enzymes. It moves stagnation of food and subsequent accumulation of toxins, which has a far-reaching effect throughout the body, increasing general health, vitality and enhancing immunity.
Ginger is famous for relieving nausea and vomiting, from whatever cause. It settles the stomach, soothes indigestion and calms wind. Its pain-relieving and relaxing effects in the gut relieve colic and spasm, abdominal pain, distension and flatulent indigestion and help to relieve griping caused by diarrhoea.
In the uterus it promotes menstruation, useful for delayed and scanty periods as well as clots. Ginger relaxes spasm and relieves painful ovulation and periods, and is recommended to invigorate the reproductive system. Ginger also inhibits clotting and thins the blood; it lowers blood pressure and cholesterol. Because of its heating properties ginger is not recommended for those who do not tolerate heat well or those with gastritis or peptic ulcers.
The whole plant is antiperiodic, antiphlogistic, diaphoretic, diuretic, emollient, febrifuge, narcotic, purgative and . It is harvested in the autumn when both flowers and fruit are upon the plant, and is dried for later use. Use with caution, see notes above on toxicity. The leaves, stems and roots are used externally as a poultice, wash etc in the treatment of cancerous sores, boils, leucoderma and wounds. Extracts of the plant are analgesic, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory and vasodilator. The plant has been used in the manufacture of locally analgesic ointments and the juice of the fruit has been used as an analgesic for toothaches.
Two compounds extracted from bitter melon, α-eleostearic acid (from seeds) and dihydroxy-α-eleostearic acid (from the fruit) have been found to induce apoptosis of leukemia cells in vitro. Diets containing 0.01% bitter melon oil (0.006% as α-eleostearic acid) were found to prevent azoxymethane-induced colon carcinogenesis in rats.
Researchers at Saint Louis University claim an extract from bitter melon, commonly eaten and known as karela
in India, causes a chain of events which helps to kill breast cancer cells and prevents them from multiplyin.
Asteracantha Lengifalia Leaf
Roots are sweet, sour, bitter, refrigerant, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, haemopoictic, hepatoprotective and tonic. It is useful in inflammations, hyperdipsia, strangury, jaundice and vesical calculi. It is also used in flatulence and dysentery. Leaves are haemopoictic, hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, analgesic, antidiabetic, stomachic, ophthalmic, diuretic and liver tonic. It is used in hepatic obstruction, jaundice, arthritis, rheumatism and diseases of urinogenital tract. It is useful in flatulence and other stomach related diseases. It is useful in anemia and for treating blood diseases. It is used to lower the blood sugar level. Seeds are gelatinous, febrifuge, rejuvenating and nervine tonic. It is used in burning sensation, fever and headaches. It is also used in diarrhoea and dysentery. A paste of the seeds mixed with buttermilk or whey, is given for diarrhoea. A decoction of the roots is used as a diuretic and to treat rheumatism, gonorrhoea, and other diseases of the genito-urinary tract, jaundice and anasarca.
Stems to 4 m., hispid, prostrate or scandent. Leaf-lamina 1–11 × 1–11 cm., narrowly to broadly ovate or triangular in outline, cordate, hastate or sagittate, hispid or scabrid-setulose, especially on the veins, beneath, more shortly so or scabrid-punctate above, unlobed or usually palmately 3(5)-lobed, the lobes usually triangular, entire or remotely and minutely denticulate to coarsely sinuate-denticulate at the margins, the central much the largest, often acuminate, obtuse to acute, apiculate, the lateral shorter and more rounded. Petioles 0·5–11·5 cm. long, antrorsely hispid or scabrid. male flowers on 1–3 mm. long pedicels. Receptacle-tube 0·7–1·5 mm. long, obconic-campanulate, densely setulose; lobes 0·5–1 mm. long, lanceolate-subulate. Petals 1·2–1·5 mm. long, yellow. female flowers 5–10 in each fascicle; pedicel c. 1 mm. long; ovary 1·5–2 mm. long, globose, setulose; perianth similar to that of male flower. Fruits 2–8 in axillary clusters, rarely solitary, 6–11 mm. in diameter, shortly pedicellate, globose, at first green with paler longitudinal markings, when mature bright red, smooth, glabrous. Seeds 3·5 × 2–3 × 1·5–1·7 mm., ovate in outline, rather tumid, verrucose, bordered.
This species is widely used in traditional Chinese herbal medicine, and in Ayurveda. It is considered to be the best remedy for the hair and is also used as a rejuvenative and liver tonic. The whole plant is astringent, deobstruent, depurative, emetic, febrifuge, ophthalmic, purgative, styptic and tonic. It is used internally in the treatment of dropsy and liver complaints, anaemia, diphtheria etc, tinnitus, tooth loss and premature greying of the hair. Externally, it is used as an oil to treat hair loss and is also applied to athlete's foot, eczema, dermatitis, wounds etc. The plant juice, mixed with an aromatic (essential oil?), is used in the treatment of catarrhal problems and jaundice. The leaves are used in the treatment of scorpion stings. They are used as an antidote for snake bites in Korea. The plant is harvested as it comes into flower and is dried for later use. The roots are emetic and purgative. They are applied externally as an antiseptic to ulcers and wounds, especially in cattle.
Trigonella Joenum Graceum
Fenugreek is much used in herbal medicine, especially in North Africa, the Middle East and India. It has a wide range of medicinal applications. The seeds are very nourishing and are given to convalescents and to encourage weight gain, especially in anorexia nervosa. The seeds should not be prescribed medicinally for pregnant women since they can induce uterine contractions. Research has shown that the seeds can inhibit cancer of the liver, lower blood cholesterol levels and also have an antidiabetic effect. The seed and leaves are anticholesterolemic, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, carminative, demulcent, deobstruent, emollient, expectorant, febrifuge, galactogogue, hypoglycaemic, laxative, parasiticide, restorative and uterine tonic. The seed yields a strong mucilage and is therefore useful in the treatment of inflammation and ulcers of the stomach and intestines. Taken internally, a decoction of the ground seeds serves to drain off the sweat ducts. The seed is very nourishing and body-building and is one of the most efficacious tonics in cases of physical debility caused by anaemia or by infectious diseases, especially where a nervous factor is involved. It is also used in the treatment of late-onset diabetes, poor digestion (especially in convalescence), insufficient lactation, painful menstruation, labour pains etc. The seeds freshen bad breath and restore a dulled sense of taste. Externally, the seeds can be ground into a powder and used as a poultice for abscesses, boils, ulcers, burns etc, or they can be used as a douche for excessive vaginal discharge. The leaves are harvested in the growing season and can be used fresh or dried. The seeds are harvested when fully ripe and dried for later use. Compounds extracted from the plant have shown cardiotonic, hypoglycaemic, diuretic, antiphlogistic and hypotensive activity. One of its constituent alkaloids, called "trigonelline", has shown potential for use in cancer therapy. The seed contains the saponin diosgenin, an important substance in the synthesis of oral contraceptives and sex hormones, whilst saponins in the plant have been extracted for use in various other pharmaceutical products.
Chiretta is a traditional Ayurvedic herb. A strongly bitter tonic it is an excellent remedy for a weak stomach, especially when this gives rise to nausea, indigestion and bloating, and it has also been shown to protect the liver. It is perhaps best known in India as the main ingredient in mahasudarshana churna, a remedy containing more than 50 herbs. The plant has an interesting chemistry, similar in many respects to Gentiana lutea, a widely used restorative tonic of the digestive system. It also contains xanthones, which are reputedly effective against malaria and tuberculosis, and also amarogentin, a glycoside that may protect the liver against carbon tetrachloride poisoning. The whole plant is an extremely bitter tonic digestive herb that lowers fevers and is stimulant. The herb has a beneficial effect on the liver, promoting the flow of bile, it also cures constipation and is useful for treating dyspepsia. The plant is harvested when the seed is setting and then dried for later use.
Padauk wood is obtained from several species of Pterocarpus. All padauks are of African or Asian origin. Padauks are valued for their toughness, stability in use, and decorativeness, most having a reddish wood. Most Pterocarpus woods contain either water- or alcohol-soluble substances and can be used as dyes.
The padauk found most often is African Padauk from Pterocarpus soyauxii which, when freshly cut, is a very bright red/orange but when exposed to sunlight fades over time to a warm brown. Its colour makes it a favourite among woodworkers. Burmese Padauk is Pterocarpus macrocarpus while Andaman Padauk is Pterocarpus dalbergioides. Padauks can be confused with rosewoods to which they are somewhat related, but as a general rule padauks are coarser and less decorative in figure. Like rosewood, padauk is sometimes used to make xylophone and marimba keys, and guitars.
Mangifera indica Mangifera indica Mangifera indica
Dried Mango flowers, containing 15% tannin, serve as astringents in cases of diarrhea, chronic dysentery, catarrh of the bladder and chronic urethritis resulting from gonorrhea.Mangos should always be washed to remove any sap residue, before handling. Some seedling mangos are so fibrous that they cannot be sliced
The name Snake-root was formed during the ancient times due to its ability of sucking the snake poisons out of the body. It has a powerful antidote, anti-inflammatory, emetic, and a chemical called triterpenoid saponins. The infusions, tinctures, and syrups of Polygala Senega are mainly used in treating pleurisy, bronchitis, asthma, common cold, wounds, rheumatisms, certain heart diseases and snake-poisons.
Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, vata, burning sensation, hyperdipsia, ulcer, skin diseases, vomiting nausea, flatulence, dyspepsia, colic, cough, fever, low back pain, headache and general debility.A perennial aromatic grass grows up to 2 meter in height. Leaves narrow, linear, erect; spikelets grey in a panicle of numerous racemes, fruits oblong grains.
Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, kapha, obesity, fever, burning sensations, cough, wound, skin disease, ulcers, stomatitis, diarrhea, sexual weakness, and general debility.
Useful part : Fruit, Seed, Leaves, Root, Bark.A moderate sized tree grows up to 20 meters in height. Leaves simple, alternate, oblong, ovate and toothed; flowers greenish white, in axillary fascicles or cymes; fruits oblong, drupes, turns green to red when ripe. Seeds covered by fleshy edible pulp.
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Ocimum sanctum commonly known as holy basil is a herbaceous sacred plant found through out India . Indian material medica describes the use the plant in a verity of ailments. Different parts of plant like stem, flower, seed, leaves, root etc are known to possess therapeutic potential and have been used, by traditional medicinal practitioners, as expectorant, analgesic, anticancer, antiasthamatic, antiemetic, diaphoretic, antidiabetic, antifertility, hepatoprotective, hypotensive and antistress agent. Tulsi has also been used in treatment of fever, bronchitis, arthritis, convulsion etc.
- The samoolam of this plant is crushed and boiled with water, the steam is used for inhalation in conditions like nasal congestion, cough, cold, fever, headache etc.
- For unconsiousness due to the toxicity of snake bite, the juice of leaves is used as nasal drops. Also the leaves are given internally for best results.
- For sinusitis, the flower juice is used for nasiyam.
- For continuous headache, juice of flower is used for nasiyam.
- For muppini, the flowers are soaked in breast milk and then applied over eyes.
- The oil prepared by using the flowers are effective in headache, sinusitis etc.
- For intestinal worms in children,the juice of flowers and leaves are given internally or a decoction is prepared of it.
- For scorpion bite, the constant rubbing of leaves over effected area can provide relief.
Ficus Religiosa Peepal tree is of great medicinal value. Its leaves serve as a wonderful laxative as well as tonic for the body. It is especially useful for patients suffering from Jaundice. It helps to control the excessive amount of urine released during jaundice. The leaves of Peepal are highly effective in treating heart disorders. It helps to control the palpitation of heart and thereby combat the cardiac weakness. Ayurveda makes an extensive use of the leaves of peepal due to the numerous benefits it provides.
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Azadirachta Indica Bark is one of two species in the genus Azadirachta, and is native to India, Pakistan and Bangladesh growing in tropical and semi-tropical regions. Neem trees also grow in islands in southern part of Iran. This tree is called "Cherish" in Persian lanquage. Its fruits and seeds are the source of neem oil.
Immature pods (decoction)-emollient, demulcent and diuretic (ardor urine, dysuria, dysentery). Seeds-antispasmodic. Fatty fraction of the fresh watery ex-tract of the seeds causes destruction of cancerous cell growth in vitro. The pods are reported to exhibit antitumour activity. An ethanolic extract of pods was effective against Gram positive bacteria. The ripe fruits contain quercetin, hyperin (hyperoside), hydrolysate of precipitated mucilage, proanthocyanidins, D-glucose, D-glucuronic and galacturonic acids. Fresh flowers contain avonol glycosides and anthocyanins.
- Scientifc Name: Abelmoschus Esculentus
- Synonym: Hibiscus esculentus Linn.
- Family: Malvaceae.
- Habitat: Native to tropical Africa; cultivated throughout India, up to 1350 m.
- English: Gumbo, Lady Finger, Okra.
- Ayurvedic: Bhaandi, Bhindaka, Bhendaa.
- Unani: Baamiyaa.
- Siddha/Tamil: Vendai.
- Folk: Bhindi and Raamturai
Action Root Bark
: emmena-gogue (used for dysmenorrhoea, amenorrhoea), abortifacient, galactotrophic. The root contains abromine (betaine), friedelin, abromasterol, abro-masterol A, choline, beta-sitosterol, stigmasterol and octacosanol. Leaves,reported to be use ful in treating uterine disorders, contain taraxerol, its acetate and lupeol.
- Dosage: Leaf juice-10-20 ml. Root bark powder -3-6g. (CCRAS.)
- Scientific Name: Abroma Augusta
- Synonym: Ambroma augusta Linn. f
- Family: Sterculiaceae.
- Habitat: Throughout the hotter and moister parts of India, from Punjab and Uttar Pradesh, eastwards to Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya and Tripura, ascending to 1200 m, southwards in Peninsular India.
- English: Perennial Indian Hemp, Devil’s Cotton.
- Ayurvedic: Pishaacha Kaarpaasa and Pivari.
Action: Dried, whole plant febrifuge, anthelmintic, demulcent, diuretic, anti-inflammatory (in urinary and uterine discharges, piles, lumbago). Juice of the plant emollient. Seeds demulcent (used in cough, chronic cystitis), laxative. Leaves cooked and eaten for bleeding piles. Flowers antibacterial, anti-in ammatory. Bark astringent, diuretic. Root nervine tonic, given in paralysis; also prescribed in strangury.
Along with other therapeutic applications, the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India indicates the use of the root ingout, polyuria and haemorrhagic diseases. The plant contains mucilage, tannins, asparagines, gallic acid and ses-quiterpenes. Presence of alkaloids, leucoanthocyanins, avonoids, sterols, triterpenoids, saponins and cardiac glycosides is also reported. Asparagine is diuretic.
Gallic acid is analgesic. Mucilages act by reflex, loosen cough as well as bronchial ten-sion. Essential oil antibacterial, anti-fungal. The drug exhibits immunological activity. It augments antibody in animals. EtOH extract of A. indicum ssp. guineense Borssum, syn-onym A. asiaticum (Linn.) Sweet, ex-hibits anticancer activity.
Dosage: Root-3-6 g powder.
Uses similar to those of A. Webbiana. Terpenoids, avonoids, glycosides and steroids of the leaf were found to have mast cell stabilizing action in rats. Terpenoids and avonoids offered broncho protection against histamine challenge in guinea pigs. The ulcer protective action of petroleum ether, benzene and chloroform fraction has been attributed to steroidal contents. Terephthalic acid demethylester (TADE), isolated from the leaf, exhibited protection against in bronchospasm in guinea pigs. Ethanolic extract of leaves showed significant anxiolytic effects on all the paradigms of anxiety, barbiturate hypnosis potentiation.
- Scintific Name: Abies Pindrow
- Synonym: A. pindrow Spach. A. webbiana Lindl. var. pindrow Brandis. Pinus pindrow Royle.
- Family: Pinaceae.
- Habitat: Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Tehri-Garhwal and other areas of northern India, at altitudes of 2100-3600 m.
- English: Pindrow-Fir, Silver-Fir, the West-Himalayan Low-Level Fir
- Ayurvedic: Taalisha (related sp.)
- Folk: Badar, Morinda, Raisalla and Ransla
Alternanthera Sessilis is an aquatic plant known by several common names, including sessile joyweed and dwarf copperleaf. It is used as an aquarium plant. The plant occurs around the world. The leaves are used as a vegetable. Young shoots and leaves are eaten as a vegetable in Southeast Asia. Occasionally it is cultivated for food or for use in herbal medicines.
Androgranis Panjculata is a herbaceous plant in the family Acanthaceae, native to India and Sri Lanka. It is widely cultivated in Southern and Southeastern Asia, where it is used to treat infections and some diseases, often being used before were created. Mostly the leaves and roots were used for medicinal purposes.
Azadirachta Indica Flower is a life-giving tree, especially for the dry coastal, southern districts of India and Pakistan. It is one of the very few shade-giving trees that thrive in the drought-prone areas. The trees are not at all delicate about the water quality and thrive on the merest trickle of water, whatever the quality.
Azadirachta Indica Leaf in India it is very common to see neem trees used for shade lining the streets or in most people's back yards. In many countries such as Ecuador, Haiti and Venezuela the shade is the principal benefit so far commonly attributed to the neem. In very dry areas the trees are planted in large tracts of land.
Aegle Marmelos is a species of tree native to India. It is present throughout Southeast Asia as a naturalized species. The tree is considered to be sacred by Hindus. Its fruits are used in traditional medicine and as a food throughout its range.
Expectorant, bronchial , decongestant, anticatarrhal, antiseptic and carminative.Key Application:
Fir (Abies alba Miller) needle oil in catarrhal illness of upper and lower respiratory tract (internally and externally); externally in rheumatic and neuralgic pains. Contraindicated in bronchial asthma and whooping cough(German Commission E.).
- Abies Webbiana
- Synonym: A. spectabilis (D. Don) Spach. Pinus webbiana Wall.
- Family: Pinaceae.
- Habitat: The Himalayas from Kashmir to Assam at altitudes of 1600–4000 m.
- English: Indian Silver Fir, The West-Himalayan High-Level Fir, the East-Himalayan Fir.
- Ayurvedic: Taalisa, Taalisapatra, Taalisha, Patraadhya and Dhaatriparni
- Unani: Taalisapattar
- Siddha/Tamil: Taalispatri
- Folk: Badar, Chilrow, Morinda, Raisalla, Taalispatra (Tallispatra, Taalispatri and Talespattre are also equated with the leaves of Cinnamomum tamala Nees).
Delonix Elata is a genus of flowering plants in the pea family, Fabaceae, subfamily Caesalpinioideae. It contains trees that are native to Madagascar and east Africa. By far the best known species is the Royal Poinciana (D. regia).
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