In warehousing, product is “our space” and we are placed in logistics field. Logistics is the management of the flow of goods, information and other resources, including energy and people, between the point of origin and the point of consumption in order to meet the requirements of consumers (frequently, and originally, military organizations). Moreover, logistics involves the integration of information, transportation, inventory, warehousing, material-handling, and packaging, and occasionally security. Logistics is a channel of the supply chain which adds the value of time and place utility. Today, the complexity of production logistics can be modeled, analyzed, visualized and optimized by plant simulation software.
4PL: Fourth Party Logistics
A Fourth-party logistics provider (abbreviated 4PL), lead logistics provider, or 4th Party Logistics provider, is a consulting firm specialized in logistics, transportation, and supply chain management. Typical fourth-party logistics providers are Deloitte, SCMO (company), BMT Limited and Accenture. It’s the player with a bigger picture. All services mention in 3pl and all outsourced.
3PL : Third Party Logistics Services
Role of 3pl players, facilitate the movement of materials from suppliers to manufactures, and finished products from manufactures to distributors and retailers. They provide end-to-end logistics services such as transportation, warehousing, CFS / LCD & cold storages, cross-docking, packaging and freight forwarding. They are also indirectly involved in activities for controlling the flow processing, and inventory management. Third-party logistics involves the utilization of external organizations to execute logistics activities that have traditionally been performed within an organization itself. According to this definition, third party logistics includes any form of outsourcing of logistics activities previously performed in-house. For example, if a company with its own transport facilities decides to employ external warehouse specialists, this would be an example of third party logistics.
However, A 3pl player does not necessarily have to provide all of these services and need not cater to all logistics requirements of a company. As it is a contract-based, responsibly of the company and 3pl player are decided in advance. By outsourcing logistics services, companies can focus on their core competencies and save on capital investments, such as warehouses and IT platforms, usually require large investments. Paras Corporate provides 3PL facilities.