Gymnema Sylvestre (Gudmar)
Gymnema known as Gudmar in Native India, (Gymnema Sylvestre) is a tropical plant of the milkweed family. Gymnema has a long history of medicinal use in India for "honey urine" or what we call diabetes.
The ancient Sanskrit name denotes " Sugar Destroyer" which translates to various native languages. Human and animal studies confirm that Gymnema has pronounced effects on blood sugar, at least among diabetics. Within the past few decades researchers have determined that Gymnema extracts play a role in the treatment of Type 1 diabetics, who typically need daily injections of insulin to control the disease. The extract is manufactured from completely dried leaves with permissible stems. The moisture content in the leaves play a significant role in the quality of the extract and its parameters.
It is said that Gymnema taken orally lowers diabetics blood glucose levels and improves blood fat and cholesterol profiles. It is also used as a digestive tonic and for weight reduction as it found to help block the absorption of sugar in the digestive tract.
Salacia Reticulata (Ekanayakam/Saptrangi)
Salacia Reticulata is a climbing shrub with blackish branches. It has Salanisol as active principle for diabetic treatment. Yet another Ayurvedic herb holds great promise for management of weight and blood sugar issues. Salacia Reticulata is a large, woody climber found in the rain forests of Sri Lanka and parts of western India. The roots are acrid, bitter, Thermogenic, urinary astringent, anodyne, anti- inflammatory, depurative, vulnerary, liver tonic and stomachic.
Its principal use in traditional, Ayurvedic medicine for the treatment of diabetes is near legendary. It was believed to be so potent that patients were told to simply drink water left to sit overnight in a cup made from the wood of the plant The hard root of this plant is typically used in the extraction part. It is distinct by yellow outer layer that may be mistaken for stem / bark. Though the plant has quality actives in its stem, the finest source of saponins are from its roots. The root has to be put through fine milling to ensure proper extraction and
The roots are extracted in the desired medium of extraction and finds application in vitiated conditions of Vatha, diabetes, haemorrhoids, inflammations, leucorrhoea, leprosy, skin diseases, amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, wounds, ulcers, hyperhidrosis, hepatopathy, dyspepsia, flatulence, colic and spermatorrhoea.
Salacia Reticulata contains Salaretin and mangiferin which reduces the sugar level and protect the body from any secondary side effect of Diabetes.. Yet, until only recently the antidiabetic effect of Salacia remained a mystery.
Salacia reticulata has been reported to possess potent anti-diabetic activity in animal models. In addition, other mechanisms such as increased insulin sensitivity, aldose reductase inhibition etc., are also exhibited by components of Salacia reticulata. The plant is also reported to possess anti-obesity, hypolipidemic, hepatoprotective and anti-oxidant properties.
Withania Somnifera (Ashwagandha)
According to ancient texts, Aswagandha is strong. As per the earlier belief, there is no other plant in Ayurveda, which can provide as much strength. It is said to be very effective in case of Bronchitis, Leucoderma and Asthma.
The chalk like root of the plant is used in the extraction process and has the maximum alkaloids in the plant. Finely chopped and sized parts of the root should be of ideal extractive quality. Today, the organic form of Ashwagandha has gain popularity in the international market. Ashwagandha increases the iron content in blood and is considered to be one amongst the several Ayurvedic herbs capable of treating AIDS.
Ashwagandha is often referred to as the Indian Ginseng for its multifunctional properties. Ashwagandha root extract (5:1 extract), take half or one Ashwagandha capsule a few times a week as an antii-oxidant may result in causing drowsiness to some while relaxing to others who feel restless.
Shatavari, Asparagus racemosus, is a climbing plant which grows in low jungles areas throughout India. As per Ayurvedic texts, this sweet and bitter herb is particularly balancing to Pitta Dosha. In India, Shatavari is considered the women's equivalent to Ashwagandha. In the Australian sub-continetnt, the herb is more often used to treat gastrointestinal disorders and as an external wash for wounds. It is also effective in a number of other systems of the body and is therefore of use to both men and women.
The main source of extracts are its Roots (Rhizomes) and some times the leaves. It is often referred to as the most important herb in Ayurvedic medicine for women. Used internally for infertility, loss of libido, threatened miscarriage, menopausal problems. It both nourishes and cleanses the blood and the female reproductive organs. It is a good food for menopause or for those who have had hysterectomies, as it supplies many female hormones. It nourishes the ovum and increases fertility. This herb is known to increase positivity and healing power.
The extracts are also used in formulations that are targeting the male reproductive system as it is said to be helpful in cases of debility, impotence, spermatorrhea, and inflammation of organs.
Shatavari is also useful for hyperacidity, stomach ulcers, dysentery, and bronchial infections.
Saraca Indica (Ashoka Bark)
Saraca indica or Saraca asoka is a small evergreen tree native to India.Iit is popularly called Asoka or Ashoka, Ashok, or Sita Ashok. Ashoka is considered sacred tree in India and is said to be a wonderful herb that claims to cure several diseases. According to Ayurvedic medicine, it is the one herb that stands out as especially useful for treating excessive uterine bleeding. Ayurvedic texts describe more than 50 preparations of Ashoka for the treatment of a variety of ailments in which the extract from stem bark is used as one of the main ingredients.
Ashoka is predominantly found to be an excellent herb for gynecological problems. The aqueous extract from the bark of ashoka tree is useful in stimulating the uterus, the endometrium and the ovarian tissues, uterine bleeding associated with fibroids, menstrual disturbances without producing any side effects. Apart from this it is also useful for other ailments such as internal piles, diabetes, burning sensation, blood disorders, ulcerations, and skin discoloration.
Guggul / Commiphora Mukul
Commiphora mukul, a resin from the guggul tree, has been used for more than 2,000 years in India to treat a range of disorders. Gum of Guggul is also known by the names Guggulu or Indian Bedellium.
Guggul the sticky gum resin from the mukul myrrh tree, plays a major role in the traditional herbal medicine of India. There have been several research studies done on this herb showing very positive benefits.
The gugul extract is derived from exhausting the gum in an ethyl acetate medium under controlled temperature and continuous extraction. The past form of the product will contain between 3-10 % total gugal sterone.
Today, the extract from Gugul is frequently used to help lower cholesterol levels and decrease high blood pressure. It is found to be capable of reducing LDL values (Low density lipoproteins) and simultaneously to increase HDL values(high density proteins). This happens thanks to an increased hepatic metabolism of LDL cholesterol.
Gugul is also said to have the stimulating action toward thyroid, from here its potential use as slimming. The anti-inflammatory (anti-rheumatic) effect is found to be an effective remedy in case of atherosclerotic manifestations, linked to high values of LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, against the cardiovascular systems.
While taking gugul, It is recommended to use a standardized gugul sterone of type E and Z from the plant commiphora mukul. The recommended dose is 25 mg active guggul sterones after standardization taken three times daily. One dose with plenty of water 30 is considered to be an ideal dosage before exercising.
Sida Cordifolia (Bala)
The botanical name of bala is Sida cordifolia and it belongs to family Malvaceae . Bala grows well throughout the plains of India, especially, in damp climate. The roots and the stem being stout and strong, the plant bears the name bala. The flowers are small, yellow or white in colour, found to be solitary and axillary.
The main alkaloid as identified from the roots and stems was ephedrine. Ephedrine, an alkaloid so far observed only in the different varieties of ephedra , was identified. These two plants belong to entirely different divisons of vegetable kingdom.
Bala is sweet in taste. As per Ayurveda, it alleviates vata and pitta dosas. It possesses light, oily and slimy attributes. The leaves, roots and the seeds have great medicinal value. Bala is useful in diseases like seminal weakness, cough â€“ especially tuberculosis with cavitation, asthma, urinary disorders and fever. Externall, the medicated oil of bala, Bala siddha taila, is massaged to alleviate pain and swelling in vata disorders.
Studies reveal that bala extract is the best nervine tonic. It is also rejuvenative, nutritive and stimulant to the heart. it is a good nutritive and . Bala is a valuable blood purifier helpful in piles. It is especially anabolic to muscle tissue and augments the seminal fluids, and promotes reproduction. As it helps building the muscle tissue, it boosts the strength and hence, imparts a rejuvenative action. As a tonic, it is commonly used in general debility.
Terminalia Balerica (Beharda)
Terminalia bellerica is a large tree, upto 40 m high found in deciduous forests throughout the greater part of India. This tree, called Vibhitaki in Sanskrit, meaning fearless, was avoided by the Hindus of Northern India, who would not sit in its shade as it is supposed to be inhabited by demons. As long as the influence of Arabian medicine prevailed, it was used medicinally in Europe, having been introduced by the Arabs from India.
The extract from the fruit of Terminalia belerica traditionally called as bibitaki , well reputed as rasayana in Ayurveda, is the best single herb for controlling Kapha. It is a powerful rejuvenative herb that nourishes the lungs, throat, voice, eyes and hair. It expels stones or other kapha-type accumulations in the digestive, urinary, and respiratory tracts. It is unique in being both laxative and astringent, so it purges the bowels, while simultaneously toning the tissues of the digestive tract.
It provides strength to the tissues of the sense organs. It is one of the constituents of famous preparation "Triphala" which finds use in wide array of areas ranging form hair care, as laxative, in headache, leucorrhoea, liver diseases to gastro-intestinal complaints. The overall tonic effect of this fruit has been known for thousands of years in India and other Asian countries.
Vitis Vinifera (Draksha)
Vitis vinifera (Common Grape Vine) is a species of Vitis, native to the Mediterranean region, central Europe, and southwestern Asia.
Grapes are a good source of bioflavonoids (vitamin P), which are known to be useful in such conditions as purpura, capillary bleeding in diabetes, edema and inflammation from injury, radiation damage, and atherosclerosis. Catechins and anthocyanogenic tannins present in grapes possess bioflavonoid activity. Grapes are considered laxative, stomachic, diuretic, demulcent and cooling and are used as an astringent in throat infections.
Indian Gooseberry (Amla / Emblica Officinalis)
Amla or Emblica Officinalis is a natural, effective antioxidant with the richest natural source of Vitamin C. Amla is one of the most frequently used of the Ayurvedic herbs. It is the fruit of Phyllanthus emblica, also called Emblica officinalis. Indian gooseberry is considered to be a wonder herb and one of the precious gifts of nature to man.
The fruit is either used in its fresh form for extraction of Vitamin C or taken for extraction after de-seeding and shade drying to obtain maximum tannins.
Amla protects cells against free radical damage and provides antioxidant protection. It is also used in the treatment of skin disorders, respiratory infections, and premature aging
Amla is useful in hemorrhage, diarrhea, dysentery, and has therapeutic value in treating diabetes while it also has anti-bacterial and astringent properties that help prevent infection and help in the healing of ulcers.
The product is sometimes used as a laxative to relieve constipation in piles
Indian gooseberry is an accepted hair tonic in traditional recipes for enriching hair growth and pigmentation. Indian gooseberry is used in various ways in Indian recipe.
The dried fruit of Terminalia chebula, Emblica officinalis and Terminalia bellerica has been used in Ayurvedic formulation under the term TRIPHALA in different form like Pills, Powder, etc. for over centuries.