Basti Karma Ayurvedic Treatment
Vata's predominant site is the colon (PAKWASHAYA). Ayurvedic basti involves the introduction into the rectum of herbal concoctions of sesame oil, and certain herbal preparations in a liquid medium. Basti karma is the most powerful of the five main procedures of Panchakarma. The literal meaning of basti is bladder. Medicated enemas are used for various specific reasons. In general, Basti treatment is used to promote elimination of the loosened vata dosha out through the rectum. There are many specific enemas listed in Ayurveda. Basti involves introducing medicinal substances such as herbalized oils and other herbal decoctions in a liquid medium into the rectum. Basti is especially good for vata disorders. It alleviates constipation, distention, chronic fever, the common cold, sexual disorders, kidney stones, heart pain, vomiting, backache, neck pain and hyperacidity. Since vata is mainly located in the colon and bones, the medication is administered rectally. If the treatment is properly administrated basti helps to rejuvenate the body, provides strength and long life, and improves the complexion and the voice. Enemas should not be given to persons suffering from shortness of breath, chronic abdominal pain, bleeding from rectum, cough, diarrhea, and severe anemia.
KAYA & KAYACHIKITSA :
Agni in Sanskrit means fire. In Ayurveda, Agni is the digestive and metabolic "fire"
produced by the doshas that grabs the essence of nourishment from food, feelings,
and thoughts and transforms it into a form your body can use. Agni helps various
tissues of the body produce secretions, metabolic reactions, and other processes
needed to create energy and maintain and repair the body. Agni is also part of the
immune system since its heat destroys harmful organisms and toxins. The activity of
agni varies throughout the day and maintaining the strength and natural ebb and flow
of your digestive fires is needed for good digestion, good immune function, and
resistance to disease. Agni is needed to form ojas
Being the biological fire that governs metabolism, Agni encompasses all the changes
in the body and mind from the dense to the more subtle. Such changes include the
digestion and absorption of food, cellular transformations, assimilation of sensory
perceptions and mental and emotional experiences. Agni therefore covers whole
sequences of chemical interactions and changes in the body and mind. Digestive
abilities being related to the strength of Agni.
Agni and pitta are closely connected. While both are hot and light, Agni is subtle and
dry. The heat energy to help digestion contained by pitta is Agni. Pitta is therefore
the container and Agni the content. Agni is acidic in nature and stimulates digestion.
It is subtly related to the movement of vata. In every tissue and cell agni is present
and is necessary for maintaining the nutrition and auto-immune mechanism. By
destroying micro-organisms, foreign bacteria and toxins in the stomach and the
A balanced Agni therefore is vital for health. The strength of the body to resist
disease and also its physical strength are directly related to its heat energy
determining the metabolic processes of the body. Disturbances to Agni are usually the
chief causes of disease. As per Ayurveda there are thirteen types of Agni in the body
and mind according to the conversion and the transformation made. The most
important of them is the Jatharagni (Kayagni), the gastric fire, responsible for
digesting food eaten by correlating hydrochloric acid in the stomach and the digestive
enzymes and juices secreted into the stomach, duodenum and the small intestines. If
digestive agni is low and the capacity is impaired, one may experience pain,
discomfort, feeling of heaviness or gases gurgling, constipation or loose stools
The treatment made to correct this Agni (Kaya) is called
Types Of Basti
- Nirhua Basti (Decoction Enema) - mainly herbal decoction and small amounts of oil
- Anuvasana Basti (Oil Enema) - mainly warm oils with small amounts of herbal decoction
- Brihmana Basti (Nutrititive Enema) - warm milk, meat broth, bone marrow soup, etc.
Functions of Basti
- It cleanses and detoxifies the body.
- It is divided into strong treatment that penetrates in to deeper dhatus and mild treatment, which work on the superficial level of dhatus.
- It means promoting secretions in the colon.
- It promotes the liquefaction of ama and mala (waste products) in the colon.
- It helps the colon expel them. Similar to western enemas, this basti increases colonic peristalsis, producing rapid elimination of the faeces.
- It is palliative.
According to the traditional texts of Ayurveda there are eight main types of basti
- Uttara Basti
- Matra Basti
- Karma Basti
- Kala Basti
- Yoga Basti
- Bruhana Basti
Vamana is not done only in patients, but may also be done in normal persons for keeping them healthy, especially in Vasant ritu.The place of Kapha is Urdhvabhaga (upper part) of the body, mainly Amashaya. The elimination of dosha from the nearest route is an admitted principle. It is also a fact that if any dosha is eliminated from its root, the chances of its recurrence become remote. Amashaya being the chief place of Kapha dosha, if it is controlled there itself by the process of Vamana karma, the Kapha dosha of all other parts get controlled.
The place of Vamana in total Panchakarma therapy is of fundamental importance. Vamana is not merely administrated to empty the contents of his chest, as in the treatment of bronchiectasis and the stomach, of its contents, as in the case of poisoning. But it is a measurement to be applied after the patient has been prepared properly with snehana and swedana. Before inducing Vamana therapy it is essential to make the patient metabolically fit by using snehana and swedana, to eliminate various kinds of endogenous toxins, which have been accumulated in the upper part of the body.
The drugs , which induce vaman are known as Vamana dravya or Vamaka dravya. They posses the following qualities
1. Ushna (Hot)
2. Tikshna (Penetrating)
3. Sukshma (Working at Micro-level)
4. Vyavayi (Capacity to spread and act rapidly in the body)
5. Vikasi (Capacity to make loose the body toxins)
6. Urdvabhagaha prabhav(Eficacy to pull out in upward directions)
As described by Charakaa the drugs which are Ushna,Tikshna,Sukshma, Vyavayi, Vikasi by the virtue of their Virya reaching to hridaya and circulating through the Sthula and Anu srotasa which are present allover body. They liquefy Sanchit mala retained in the body due to their Vishyandi guna and break them up by their tikshna guna.
In the body of the person who has undergone Snehana process the Sanchit mala broken down and kept floating in the body and remains detached as like that the honey kept in a pot smeared with ghrita and being drawn by its Apunarbhav Guna. It flows towards the amashaya and goes upward due to udan vayu, the Doshasanghat gets thrown upwards as a results of Agni and Vayu guna and the property of drug like Urdvabhagaha prabhav.
Urdvabhagaha prabhav is the quality due to predominance of Agni and Vayu Mahabhuta. The inherit power of moving upwards have Agni and Vayu Bhuta. Vaman Dravya have special types of action known as Anupravan. It has two words i.e. Anu and Pravan. The word Anu indicates the power to move in the minute tissue and cells and Pravan means the action to move towards the Koshtha.
Virechana is for the elimination of Pitta related toxins from the body to regain health. This process of cleansing is carried out in the small intestine and other Pitta zones. Drugs that stimulate bowel movements are injested for the expulsion of excess Pitta and other Doshas via the rectum.
Treatment proper Internal and external oleation followed by therapeutic sweating are essential before Virechana. On the day of the treatment proper, the purgative is given to the patient at a time towards forenoon.
The process of purgation normally starts within two hours of taking the purgatives. Drinking hot water stimulates it. The faecal discharge turns fluid after seven or eight bowel movements. The faeces, then the toxic Pitta and finally the toxic Kapha are discharged.
Virechana is efficacious in the treatment of
Diabetes Colitis Jaundice Spleen enlargement Arthritis Dysuria Asthma All types of intestinal disorders Skin diseases Blood disorders Exessive body heat Asitis All types of Swellings Stomatitis Diabetic neuropathy Hair loss Obesity
To,Shri Vishwa Yadnya Ayurved