(Mangifera indica L.) belonging to Family Anacardiaceae is the most important commercially grown fruit crop of the country. It is called the king of fruits.
Agro climatic requirements: Mango is well adapted to tropical and sub-tropical climates. It can be grown commercially only in areas below 600 m. It cannot stand severe frost, especially when the tree is young. Mango can be grown best in regions with
a rainfall between 25-250 cm. /annum and dry season. The distribution of rainfall is more important than its amount. There should not be high humidity, rain or frost during flowering. The temperature between 240 and 270 is ideal for its cultivation. Regions having bright sunny days and moderate humidity during flowering are ideal for mango growing.
Acid Lime (Citrus aurantifolia) belonging to the family Rutaceae is one of the important Citrus fruit cultivated in India.
Soil and climate: Tropical and subtropical. The areas which are warm, moderately humid, free from strong winds and frost are ideally suited for its cultivation.
Deep well drained loamy soils are the best.
Varieties: Pramalini, Vikram, Chakradhar, PKM1, seedless lime, Balaji.
Planting Season: Round the year provided that enough water to establish the plants.
Planting Material: Budded plants
Vijaya Phyto Farms Pvt. Ltd. produces ‘ready made’ (ready to bear plants) budded acid lime planting material that are capable of producing commercial yield from II year of planting
Sapota (Manilkhara achras) belongs to Sapotaceae family it is a tropical fruit.
Soil and climate: It is a tropical crop and can be grown up to an altitude of 1000 m. and needs warm(100 – 380) and humid ( 70% RH) climate for year round fruiting. It can be grown in all types of soils.
Varieties: Oval, Kalipatti.,Cricket Ball, Kirtibarti, Guthi, CO 1, CO 2, CO 3, PKM 1, PKM 2, PKM 3 and PKM 4.
Planting materials: Grafted plants (Grafted on Manilkhara hexandra (Pala) rootstock)
Vijaya Phyto Farms Pvt. Ltd. produces ‘ready made’ (ready to bear plants) grafted sapota planting material that are capable of producing commercial yield from II year of planting.
Season of planting: June to December
Spacing: 8 -10 m x 8- 10 m spacing and pit size of 1 m x 1 m x 1 m. Adopt 6m x 3 m for high density planting
Irrigation: Once in 10 days until establishment, at 30 days interval in wsinter and 15 days interval in summer. Drip irrigation in very useful.
Manures and fertilizers : Manures and fertilizers may be applied in September-October, 45 cm away from the trunk up to the leaf drip and incorporated.
After cultivation: Remove the rootstock sprouts, water shoots, criss-cross & lower branches.
Pests: Leaf webber, Hairy caterpillars and Bud worm.
Diseases: Sooty mould
Harvest: A mature fruit is dull brown in colour and the colour immediately below the skin when scratched is of lighter shade, while in the immature fruits it is green. The mature fruits are harvested by hand picking. Harvest
Season: February-June and September-October.
Yield: 20 t/ha/year. In high density plantation the yield is 25-30 tonnes/ha
Jamun (Syzygium cuminii) is a tropical fruit of the family Myrtaceae. It is a tall evergreen tree indigenous to India The fruits are refreshing and of medicinal value. They are a rich source of iron. Jamun is a hardy fruit crop and can withstand adverse weather conditions. It thrives well under tropical and subtropical conditions. It can be grown on a wide range of soils.- Sodic, calcareous, alkaline and marshy areas but it does not prefer very heavy or light sandy soils
Pomegranate(Punica granatum) belongs to Punicaceae family. It is found in both tropical and sub tropical regions and is a popular table fruit of the world.
Soil and climate: It is grown in a wide range of soils; drought resistant and tolerant to salinity and alkalinity. Cool winter and dry summer are necessary for the production of high quality fruits. It performs well upto 1800 m elevation.
Varieties: Jyothi, Ganesh, CO 1, YCD 1,Bhaguva, Araktha, Rudhra and Mirudhula.
Planting material: Rooted cuttings or layers. Vijaya Phyto Farms Pvt. Ltd. produces ‘ready made’ (ready to bear plants) pomegranate planting material that are capable of producing commercial yield from II year of planting.
Star Fruit Plant
Star fruit / Carambola (Averrhoa carambola) belonging to the Oxalidaceae family is native to Indonesia. It is called star fruit as the cross section is star shaped. It is a small evergreen tree with drooping branches and bears attractive golden yellow fruits. The carambola fruits are oval elliptic ,3-5 ribbed with a juicy acidic pulp. They contain oxalic acid. The fruit is a good source of vitamin A,B and C and iron. Brassware can be cleaned using the pulp of immature fruits. Carambola prefers a warm moist climate and can be grown up to 1200m elevation. It can grow in any type of soil with good drainage but deep rich soils are preferable
Mandarin Orange Plant
Mandarin Orange (Citrus reticulata) is a Citrus fruit belonging to the family Rutaceae. It is also known as ‘Loose jacket’ or Kamala orange or Santra.
Soil and climate: Mandarin orange grows well in frost free tropical and subtropical regions of 500– 1500 m above MSL elevation. It is a humid zone fruit and requires a rainfall of about 150 cm to 250 cm. The winter should be mild and there should be no strong, hot winds during summer. Deep well drained loamy soils are the best. Soil pH should be between 5.5 and 6.5.
Varieties: The Mandarin varieties in India are region specific while the exotic variety Kinnow performs well in semiarid irrigated areas of some Northern states. Coorg santra, Kodai Orange., Nagpur santra, Khasi mandarin, Sumithra and Darjeeling are some of the Indian varieties.
Guava (Psidium guajava) is a tropical fruit of the Myrtaceae family. It is a popular fruit available almost all through the year. It has high nutritive value.
Climate and Soil: Guava comes up well in tropical and subtropical regions up to 1500m above MSL. It can tolerate high temperatures and drought conditions but severe frost can affect the young plants. A rainfall of 100cm/annum is sufficient.
Well drained soils are the best suited for growing guavas which can tolerate salinity and alkalinity. However Gypsum may be added to saline soils at the time of planting and 3 years after planting.
Varieties: Lucknow 49, Allahabad Safeda, Chittidar, Hafshi, Seedless, Apple colour, Arka Amulya, Arka Mridula, and Banaras.
Planting material: Layers, Air layers budded plants and grafts. Vijaya Phyto Farms Pvt. Ltd. produces ‘ready made’ (ready to bear plants) grafted guava planting material that are capable of producing commercial yield from II year of planting
Grape (Vitis vinifera) belongs to the family Vitaceae is a perennial deciduous woody vine The fruits grow in bunches and are small round or oval berries that feature semi-translucent flesh encased by a smooth skin. The commercially grown grape cultivars can be grouped into 4 categories namely Coloured seeded , coloured seedless, white seeded and white seedless. The fruits are eaten fresh as table grapes or dried fruit (raisins and sultanas) or used to make wine, squash and juices.
Soil and climate: Hot dry climate is ideal for growing grapes. Well drained soils with good water holding capacity in a pH range of 6.5 - 7.5 is ideally suited .There must be low water table with EC less than 1.0. Soil depth should be at least 1 m.
Varieties: Thompson Seedless ,Muscat (Gulabi), Bangalore Blue, Taj-e-Ganesh, Flame Crimson seedless, Sharad seedless, Red globe, Pachadraksha, Anab-e-Shahi, etc.
Planting material: Rooted cuttings or grafted plants. Vijaya Phyto Farms Pvt.ltd. produces excellent quality grafted grape planting material. The rootstock used is Dogridge which imparts resistance to nematode and helps overcome salinity.
Planting: Planting is done in trenches of 1 m width and 0.75 m depth dug at a distance of 3 m apart or in pits of 1m x 1m x 1m.
Spacing: 3 x 2 m for Muscat, 4 x 3 m for other varieties.( The spacing varies with region as well as system of training)
Irrigation: Grapes need light and frequent irrigation. They need less water during fruit bud formation and more water during berry growth. Irrigation to be reduced during ripening to improve quality and hasten ripening.
Training: The different systems of training are head, kniffin, telephone, V, expanded Y and gable system and pandal (bower).
Pruning: In general four bud level of pruning for Muscat, Pachadraksha, Bangalore Blue, Anabe-Shahi and Arka hybrids and two bud level for Thompson Seedless may be adopted. Weak and immature canes should be pruned to one or two buds to induce vegetative growth.
Sweet Orange Plant
Sweet Orange (Citrus sinensis) belonging to the family Rutaceae is the third largest fruit in India in terms of production. It is the second largest Citrus fruit cultivated in the country and the major sweet orange growing states are Andhra Pradesh , Maharashtra, Karnataka, Punjab, Rajasthan and Haryana.
Soil and climate: Deep well drained loamy soils are the best for the cultivation of Citrus. pH of soil should be 6.5 to 7.5 and EC of water less than 1.0. A dry climate with about 50 – 75 cm of rainfall from June – September and with well defined summer and winter season is ideal. Comes up well in tropical zone below 500 m. Extremes of temperature are necessary.
Varieties: Mosambi, Sathukudi, Blood orange, Valencia, Jaffa, Hamlin and Pineapple.
Planting material: Budded plants. (Root Stock-Rangpur lime is best, now rough lemon is also preferred). Vijaya Phyto Farms Pvt. Ltd. produces ‘ready made’ (ready to bear plants) budded sweet orange planting material that are capable of producing commercial yield from II year of planting.
Season: July to September.