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Dr. Gupta's Me & Mummy Hospital - Nursing Homes / Clinics / Hospitals of anemia treatment service, measles treatment service & cold treatment service in Jaipur, Rajasthan.

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Anemia Treatment  Service
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Anemia Treatment Service

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Anemia is a medical condition in which the red blood cell count or hemoglobin is less than normal. The normal level of hemoglobin is generally different in males and females. For men, a normal hemoglobin level is typically defined as a level of more than 13.5 gram/100 ml, and in women as hemoglobin of more than 12.0 gram/100 ml. These definitions may vary slightly depending on the source and the laboratory reference used.


Causes

Any process that can disrupt the normal life span of a red blood cell may cause anemia. Normal life span of a red blood cell is typically around 120 days. Red blood cells are made in the bone marrow.

Anemia is caused essentially through two basic pathways. Anemia is caused by either:

  • A decrease in production of red blood cells or hemoglobin, or
  • An increase in loss or destruction of red blood cells.

A more common classification of anemia (low hemoglobin) is based on the Mean Corposcular Volume (MCV) which signifies the average volume of individual red blood cells.

  • If the MCV is low (less than 80), the anemia is categorized as microcytic anemia (low cell volume).
  • If the MCV is in the normal range (80-100), it is called a normocytic anemia (normal cell volume).
  • If the MCV is high, then it is called a macrocytic anemia (large cell volume).
Symptoms

Symptoms of anemia may include the following:

  • fatigue
  • decreased energy
  • weakness
  • shortness of breath
  • lightheadedness
  • palpitations (feeling of the heart racing or beating irregularly)
  • looking pale.

Symptoms of severe anemia may include:

  • Chest pain, angina, or heart attack
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting or passing out
  • Rapid heart rate.
TREATMENT

Anemia treatment depends on the cause.

Iron deficiency anemia Treatment for this form of anemia usually involves taking iron supplements and making changes to your diet.

If the underlying cause of iron deficiency is loss of blood — other than from menstruation — the source of the bleeding must be located and stopped. This may involve surgery.

Vitamin deficiency anemias Treatment for folic acid and B-12 deficiency involves dietary supplements and increasing these nutrients in your diet.

If your digestive system has trouble absorbing vitamin B-12 from the food you eat, you may need vitamin B-12 shots. At first, you may receive the shots every other day. Eventually, you'll need shots just once a month, which may continue for life, depending on your situation.

Anemia of chronic disease There's no specific treatment for this type of anemia. Doctors focus on treating the underlying disease. If symptoms become severe, a blood transfusion or injections of synthetic erythropoietin, a hormone normally produced by your kidneys, may help stimulate red blood cell production and ease fatigue.

Aplastic anemia Treatment for this anemia may include blood transfusions to boost levels of red blood cells. You may need a bone marrow transplant if your bone marrow is diseased and can't make healthy blood cells.
Anemias associated with bone marrow disease. Treatment of these various diseases can include medication, chemotherapy or bone marrow transplantation. Hemolytic anemias. Managing hemolytic anemias includes avoiding suspect medications, treating related infections and taking drugs that suppress your immune system, which may be attacking your red blood cells.

Depending on the severity of your anemia, a blood transfusion or plasmapheresis may be necessary. Plasmapheresis is a type of blood-filtering procedure. In certain cases, removal of the spleen can be helpful.

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Measles Treatment Service
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Measles, or rubeola, is a viral infection of the respiratory system. Measles is a very contagious disease that can spread through contact with infected mucus and saliva. An infected person can release the infection into the air when they cough or sneeze.

The measles virus can live on surfaces for several hours. As the infected particles enter the air and settle on surfaces, anyone within close proximity can become infected.

Drinking from an infected person’s glass, or sharing eating utensils with an infected person, increases your risk of infection.


Causes

Measles is caused by infection with the rubeola virus. The virus lives in the mucus of the nose and throat of an infected child or adult.

The disease is contagious for 4 days before the rash appears, and it continues to be contagious for about 4 to 5 days after.

Infection spreads through:

  • Physical contact with an infected person
  • Peing near infected people if they cough or sneeze
  • Touching a surface that has infected droplets of mucus and then putting fingers into the mouth, or rubbing the nose or eyes
Symptoms

Symptoms of measles generally appear within 14 days of exposure to the virus. Symptoms include:

  • cough
  • fever
  • red eyes
  • light sensitivity
  • muscle aches
  • runny nose
  • sore throat
  • white spots inside the mouth
TREATMENT

A doctor can normally diagnose measles by looking at the signs and symptoms. A blood test will confirm the presence of the rubeola virus.

There is no specific treatment. If there are no complications, the doctor will recommend rest and plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.
The following measures may help:

  • If the child's temperature is high, they should be kept cool, but not too cold. Tylenol or ibuprofen can help control fever, aches, and pains. Children under 16 years should not take aspirin. A doctor will advise about acetaminophen dosage, as too much can harm the child, especially the liver.
  • People should avoid smoking near the child.
  • Sunglasses, keeping the lights dim or the room darkened may enhance comfort levels, as measles increases sensitivity to light.
  • If there is crustiness around the eyes, gently clean with a warm, damp cloth.
  • Cough medicines will not relieve a measles cough. Humidifiers or placing a bowl of water in the room may help. If the child is over 12 months, a glass of warm water with a teaspoon of lemon juice and two teaspoons of honey may help. Do not give honey to infants.
  • A fever can lead to dehydration, so the child should drink plenty of fluids.
  • A child who is in the contagious stage should stay away from school and avoid close contact with others, especially those who are not immunized or have never had measles.
  • Those with a vitamin A deficiency and children under 2 years who have measles may benefit from vitamin A supplements. These can help prevent complications, but they should only be taken with a doctor's agreement.

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Cold Treatment Service
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Cold Treatment Service

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More than 200 different viruses can cause this infection, but the rhinovirus is the most common culprit. Antibiotics, which fight bacteria, won't treat your child's cold because a cold is a viral illness. Viral illness cannot be treated with antibiotics.
Except in newborns or in immuno-compromised children, colds in healthy children aren't dangerous. They usually go away in 4 to 10 days without treatment.


Symptoms

Typical cold symptoms include:

  • runny or stuffed-up nose and sneezing
  • coughing
  • headache
  • mild sore throat
  • loss of appetite
  • fatigue (being tired)
  • mild fever
TREATMENT

Since there is no cure for the common cold, treatment has two goals: to make you feel better and to help you fight off the virus.

Lots of rest is the key treating a cold. You may find you need 12 hours of sleep each night, so don't set that alarm. You'll be most comfortable in a warm, humid environment. It's also important to stay hydrated by drinking lots of water and avoiding alcohol and caffeine. This makes mucus flow more freely and helps with congestion.

No specific treatment exists for the virus that is causing your cold, but in treating the symptoms you can find relief. For aches and pains accompanied by a fever of 100.5 degrees or higher, give Tylenol rather than aspirin in children to avoid the risk of Reye syndrome, a sometimes fatal condition that may occur in children with viral illnesses. Adults can take Tylenol, aspirin or Naproxen OTC. There is a soft recommendation to avoid ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), which may increase replication of rhinovirus.

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Diarrhea Treatment Service
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Diarrhoea or Diarrhea is a disorder that causes you to pass looser or more stool than usual. Often symptomatic of Gastroenteritis, which is the inflammation of the stomach or intestine as a result of microbial infection, Diarrhoea usually lasts for 2-4 days without the need for treatment. Severe diarrhoea, on the other hand, poses a threat to your life. The reason behind this is the dehydration that your body undergoes as it steadily loses fluids with every passing of motion. Infants and children, malnourished and people with weakened immunity have the highest risk of falling prey to such infection.
Diarrhoea, however, is a disease that can be prevented if a number of simple measures are taken. The risk of diarrhoeal outbreak can be significantly reduced by maintaining provisions for safe drinking water, facilities for safe and hygienic disposal of human waste and proper hygiene when it comes to washing your hands and body.


Causes

Diarrhoeal infections are caused by ingestion of contaminated food and water, contamination by dirty hands or exposure to faecal matter. Some common germs that cause gastro-enteritis and subsequently diarrhoea are:

  • Bacteria. E.g. Salmonella or Escherichia (E. coli)
  • Viruses. E.g. Norovirus or rotavirus
  • Parasites. E.g. Giardia intestinalis
Symptoms

You may experience one or more of the following:

  • Watery stools
  • Upset stomach or cramps
  • Urgent need to use the toilet
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dehydration

Bouts of diarrhoea dissipate after a couple of days but one needs to stay constantly hydrated during this period.

There is no substitute to drinking plenty of fluids. Oral Rehydration Solution or ORS mixed with water, works wonders in restoring lost minerals and salts.

Maintain a normal diet, low on or devoid of spice, salt and sugar. For babies with diarrhoea, you should continue to feed/breastfeed them as normal.

For adults, a case of diarrhoea that's lasted more than a week is a serious cause for concern and medical help must be sought immediately.


TREATMENT

Diarrhoea usually clears up without treatment after a few days, particularly if it's caused by an infection.

While waiting for your diarrhoea to pass, you can ease your symptoms by following the advice outlined below.

Drink fluids
It's important to drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration, particularly if you're also vomiting. Take frequent small sips of water.

It's also very important for babies and small children not to become dehydrated. Give your child frequent sips of water, even if they're vomiting. A small amount is better than none.

Fruit juice or fizzy drinks should be avoided as they can make diarrhoea worse in children.

If you're breastfeeding or bottle feeding your baby and they have diarrhoea, you should continue to feed them as normal.

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Pneumonia Treatment Service
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Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition that primarily affects the alveoli (tiny air sacs in the lungs). The air sacs or alveoli may even get filled with fluid or pus. This results in symptoms like cough with phlegm or pus, high fever, chills and breathing difficulties. People with chronic lung conditions and severe infections are most likely to experience these symptoms. Pneumonia is commonly caused due to a viral or bacterial infection.


Causes

Pneumonia is a disease in which lungs get filled up with pus like fluid mostly due to an infection.
Pneumonia can follow a common cold. The agents causing pneumonia are most often transmitted by droplet spread resulting from close contact with a source case. Contact with contaminated fomites also may be important in the acquisition of viral agents. An upper respiratory tract illness permits invasion of the lower respiratory tract by bacteria, viruses, or other pathogens that trigger the immune response and produce inflammation. The lower respiratory tract air spaces fill with white blood cells (WBC), fluid, and cellular debris. And the pathogens along with the cells, fluid and debris cause all the symptoms of pneumonia.


Symptoms

Commonly patients would complain of cough with green or yellow sputum; occasionally the sputum is rust colored or with frank blood, fever usually high grade (more than 100 F), chest pain while breathing -pricking or dull aching type with or without shortness of breath.
Chills (called rigors) and a change in mental status (confusion, unclear thinking) can occur.
In children, there may additionally be lethargy, restlessness, inability to eat due or loss of appetite, or abdominal pain.


TREATMENT

Most patients are treated withoral antibioticsat home. Some severe cases might requirehospitalization,if very severe. The number of days spent in the hospital is variable, and depends upon how a person responds to treatment and if there are underlying medical problems.
Some patients, including people with previous lung damage or disease, a weakened immune system, or infection in more than one lobe of the lungs, may be slow to recover and require a longer hospitalization. Improvement occurs after three to five days of antibiotic treatment. Cough and fever decrease but fatigue and a persistent but milder cough can last for up to one month, although most people are able to resume their usual activities within seven days. Patients treated in the hospital may require three weeks or more to resume normal activities.

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Chickenpox Treatment Service
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Chickenpox is a viral disease characterized by red itchy rashes that are accompanied with fever (102 to 103 degrees) and general fatigue. Generally seen during summers, it is one of the most common infectious diseases of childhood (although it occurs in adults sometimes). The disease is named so, because the boils on the skin resemble the peck marks of a chicken.
People suffering from chicken pox acquire immunity against the disease for lifetime (means the chances of getting infected with the virus again is negligible) as they develop antibodies against the virus. However, in some cases the virus can reactivate later in life and cause shingles. With the introduction of chickenpox vaccine, there has been a significant reduction in the number of cases of this condition. Here’s what you should know about chickenpox including its treatment options and precautionary measures.


Causes

Chickenpox is caused due to an infection by Varicella Zoster virus (VZV). It is highly contagious in nature and can spread by various means such as –

  • When an infected person sneezes or coughs (it is an air-borne disease)
  • If a caregiver touches the fluid oozing out of the boils or blisters on the skin
  • Touching or using objects (towels, etc) that may have been used by the infected person
  • Through close physical contact with the infected person
Symptoms

A person usually shows the symptoms of chickenpox after 15 – 16 years of infection. The initial symptoms are flu-like (high fever, headache and coughing or sneezing) and thus, are confused with viral fever leading to missed or delayed diagnosis of the condition. And after a day or two, rashes appear on the skin which later spreads to the entire body. The boils or blisters burst after about 2 days and once the scab falls off, the patient can resume their normal daily chores.

The 6 classic symptoms of chickenpox are –

  • High fever
  • Headache
  • Itchy, red rashes on the skin
  • Chicken pox spots or lesions
  • Loss of appetite
  • Overall fatigue

It takes around 10 days for the body to recover from the illness. In the meantime, the infected person should take sufficient rest and be completely isolated (stay indoors and avoid contact with people). Here is detailed information on 6 classic chicken pox symptoms you should know about.


TREATMENT

It is usually a self-resolving condition and thus, your doctor will most probably prescribe medicines to help relieve the symptoms. The medications include –

Antiviral drugs: Aciclovir is the common prescription drug that is given to shorten the duration of symptoms. Pregnant women and people with weak immune system are generally recommended this drug.

Antihistamines: Antihistamines are prescribed to relieve itching and swelling. Also, painkillers are recommended to combat pain caused due to bursting of boils.

Antibiotics: They are recommended only if a person develops bacterial infection due to itching. However, these types of infections are very rare.

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Fever Treatment Service
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Fever Treatment Service

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Fever (medically called pyrexia) is a term used to describe increased body temperature. The normal human body temperature ranges between 36°C - 37°C (98 - 100 F). This temperature may vary depending on several factors like the food we consume, our sleeping pattern and physical activity we perform. However, the body temperature increases above the normal range in case the immune system of the body encounters a foreign body or organism. Fever is an indication that your immune system is working hard to eliminate the disease causing bacteria or virus from the body.


Symptoms

Fever is characterized by rise in body temperature above the normal range (98 – 100 F). However, in most cases it may be associated with other symptoms such as headache, chills, joint pain, vomiting, skin rash, loose motion, weakness, cough and cold. Here are some of common diseases that show some of the above listed symptoms along with fever.

High fever with chills: It is commonly seen in people suffering from viral fever, malaria, bronchitis, pneumonia, swine flu, tonsillitis, typhoid, enlarged lymph nodes, tuberculosis and pyelonephritis (infection of the kidney).

High-grade fever and headache: The clinical conditions that cause high fever and headache are dengue, malaria, summer (due to extreme heat), food poisoning and HIV.

Fever with joint pain: If you are suffering from viral fever, arthritis or dengue, if might experience fever with joint pain.

Fever and vomiting: You might show symptoms of fever and vomiting, if you are suffering from food poisoning, dengue, viral fever, malaria, typhoid, kidney infections and haemorrhagic fever.

Fever with skin rash: These symptoms are quite common in case of clinical conditions such as dengue, HIV/AIDS, kidney disease, allergy and toxic shock syndrome.


TREATMENT

Usually, the treatment for fever is dependent on the cause of the condition. In case the condition is caused due to seasonal change in the temperature or due to stress, few home-care measures might do the needful. Apart from this, use of OTC drugs also help in lowering your body temperature and provide relief.

Home-care: There are few home-care tips you need to follow to lower your temperature such as –

Apply a cloth soaked in lukewarm water and salt on the forehead to lower your body temperature. It is one of the most common homecare techniques that provide effective results for low-grade fever.

Drink plenty of fluids such as warm soup and water but avoid fruit juices or sports drink.

Do not do forceful eating and avoid consuming spicy and oily food for few days.

It is better to bath with lukewarm water and stay away from cold baths or ice rubs.

If you are suffering from chills along with fever, do not bundle up.

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Vaccination Treatment Service
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Vaccines help protect infants, children, and teens from serious diseases. Getting childhood vaccines means your child can develop immunity (protection) against diseases before they come into contact with them.
And did you know that getting your child vaccinated also protects others? Because of community immunity, vaccines help keep your child’s younger siblings, older family members, and friends from getting sick, too

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NICU Care Treatment Service
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What is the neonatal intensive care unit?

Newborn babies who need intensive medical attention are often admitted into a special area of the hospital called the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). The NICU combines advanced technology and trained health care professionals to provide specialized care for the tiniest patients. NICUs may also have intermediate or continuing care areas for babies who are not as sick but do need specialized nursing care. Some hospitals do not have the personnel or a NICU and babies must be transferred to another hospital.
Some newborn babies will require care in a NICU, and giving birth to a sick or premature baby can be quite unexpected for any parent. Unfamiliar sights, sounds, and equipment in the NICU can be overwhelming. This information is provided to help you understand some of the problems of sick and premature babies. You will also find out about some of the procedures that may be needed for the care of your baby.


The birth of a baby is a wonderful yet very complex process. Many physical and emotional changes occur for mother and baby.
A baby must make many physical adjustments to life outside the mother's body. Leaving the uterus means that a baby can no longer depend on the mother's circulation and placenta for important physiologic functions.

Before birth, breathing, eating, elimination of waste, and immunologic protection all came from the mother. When a baby enters the world, many body systems change dramatically from the way they functioned during fetal life:

  • The lungs must breathe air.
  • The cardiac and pulmonary circulation changes.
  • The digestive system must begin to process food and excrete waste.
  • The kidneys must begin working to balance fluids and chemicals in the body and excrete waste.
  • The liver and immunologic systems must begin functioning independently.

Your baby's body systems must work together in a new way. Sometimes, a baby has difficulty making the transition to the world. Being born prematurely, having a difficult delivery, or birth defects can make these changes more challenging. Fortunately for these babies, special newborn care is available.

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