An O-Ring is described by its inner diameter, its outer diameter, its material hardness
(ordurometer) and its material composition. Dimensions of O-Rings are given in ANSI/SAE AS568A. A seven-digit number is assigned to each ring to designate the ring size and their composition. The first three digits are standardized and they specify the ring size. However, different manufacturer use different system to specify the composition. For this reason, the ANSI/SAE AS568A only publishes the first three digits for dimension specification.
When installed, an O-Ring compresses and deforms slightly into the free space within the grove to from a proper seal. The ring's cross-section is approximately 20 percent greater than the gland depth and the groove width is about 1.5 times larger than the ring's width.