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Jeevan Rekha Hospital - Nursing Homes / Clinics / Hospitals of paralysis treatment service, brain hemorrhage treatment service & brain injury and spinal treatment service in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.
Paralysis is a condition involving a loss of muscle function in the body that may be accompanied by sensory loss, also referred to as loss of feeling.
The term is derived from the Greek word that means disabling of the nerves. This is because it is usually due to damage to the nervous system that there is loss of motor function or sensory information.Causes
There are several possible reasons that one may experience temporary or permanent paralysis. It is usually as a results of damage to the spinal cord or other parts of the nervous system and associated with:
A brain hemorrhage is a type of stroke. It's caused by an artery in thebrain bursting and causing localized bleeding in the surrounding tissues. This bleeding kills brain cells.
The Greek root for blood is hemo. Hemorrhage literally means "bloodbursting forth." Brain hemorrhages are also called cerebral hemorrhages, intracranial hemorrhages, or intracerebral hemorrhages. They account for about 13% of strokes.What Happens During a Brain Hemorrhage?
When blood from trauma irritates brain tissues, it causes swelling. This is known as cerebral edema. The pooled blood collects into a mass called a hematoma. These conditions increase pressure on nearby brain tissue, and that reduces vital blood flow and kills brain cells.
Bleeding can occur inside the brain, between the brain and the membranes that cover it, between the layers of the brain's covering or between the skull and the covering of the brain.
Traumatic brain injury is sudden physical damage to the brain. The damage can result from a closed head injury, such as that caused by impact of the head with an object like the windshield or the dashboard of a car. The damage can also result from a penetrating brain injury, such as that caused by a bullet piercing the skull. Approximately 200,000 people die each year in the US from brain injuries, with an additional 500,000 hospitalized for treatment. About 10% of surviving individuals have continuing disabilities that may impair their ability to live independently.
Traumatic spinal cord injury is damage to the spinal cord that results in loss of mobility or feeling. In most cases, the spinal cord remains intact, but the damage results in loss of nerve function. The spinal cord is a dense bundle of nerves that lies in a narrow canal in the center of the vertebrae. The spinal cord carries all of the major nerve pathways that connect the brain to the rest of the body. Injuries to the neck or back may damage the spinal cord, causing loss of function of the nerves below the injury. In the US, approximately 8,000 new cases of spinal cord injury occur each year, and an estimated 450,000 people in the country live with the condition.
Epilepsy is a neurological condition involving the brain that makes people more susceptible to having seizures. It is one of the most common disorders of the nervous system and affects people of all ages, races and ethnic background. Almost 3 million Americans live with epilepsy.
When a person has two or more seizures, he or she is considered to have epilepsy. There are many possible causes of epilepsy, including tumors, strokes, and brain damage from illness or injury. In many cases, there may be no detectable cause for epilepsy.Seizure
The brain is the center that controls and regulates all voluntary and involuntary responses in the body. It consists of nerve cells that normally communicate with each other through electrical activity.
A seizure occurs when part(s) of the brain receives a burst of abnormal electrical signals that temporarily interrupts normal electrical brain function.
The pain from tension-type headaches have been described as "vise-like."
Headache is a broad term that encompasses many different things.Headaches are pains that occur in any region of the head; they can occur on both sides the head or be isolated to a certain location.
Headaches can radiate across the head from a central point or have a pincering vise-like quality. They can be sharp, throbbing or dull, appear gradually or suddenly and last for multiple days or less than an hour.
There are multiple ways to define headaches. The International Headache Society (IHS) categorize headaches as primary headaches or secondary headaches, depending on what has caused them.Causes of headaches
We will look at the causes of primary headaches and secondary headaches in turn.1) Primary headaches
Primary headaches are stand-alone illnesses caused directly by the overactivity of, or problems with, structures in the head that are pain-sensitive. This includes the blood vessels, muscles and nerves of the head and neck. They may also result from changes in chemical activity in the brain.
Primary headaches can occur when pain-sensitive structures in the head do not work properly.
Brain fever refers to any condition that causes the brain or any part of the brain to become inflamed, causing fever as one of the symptoms. Conditions that are described as brain fever include meningitis and encephalitis. Meningitis is inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and the spinal cord, while encephalitis is inflammation of the brain itself.
Meningitis is a brain fever that affects the meninges, or the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord, and it is caused by viral, bacterial or fungal infection. Viral infection is the most common cause of meningitis. Symptoms of meningitis include fever, headache and stiffness in the neck. Patients sometimes mistake meningitis symptoms for flu symptoms. All meningitis, whether viral, bacterial or fungal, is medically serious and requires prompt treatment by a doctor, but bacterial meningitis is the most dangerous of the three and constitutes a medical emergency.
Brain inflammation, also known as encephalitis, is usually caused by an infection that is viral in nature. Encephalitis can sometimes go away on its own, but since it can be potentially serious, any person who is experiencing these symptoms should seek the care of a medical professional. Symptoms of encephalitis include fever, pain in the joints and fatigue. A severe infection can cause symptoms like seizures, changes in personality and localized paralysis.
Diagnosis of this condition, whether meningitis or encephalitis, usually involves a series of tests. One diagnostic procedure common to both conditions is lumbar puncture or spinal tap, which involves the gathering of a sample of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for analysis. In the case of bacterial meningitis, lumbar puncture can sometimes help doctors discover which specific bacterium is responsible for the condition. Meningitis can also be diagnosed through analysis of blood or by x-ray or other means of imaging. Diagnosis of encephalitis can involve procedures like electroencephalography (EEG) or biopsy of the brain.
Urgent surgery is typically only necessary if the patient experiences progressive weakness in the legs, or sudden loss of bowel or bladder control, which may be caused by cauda equina syndrome.
Depending on the cause and the duration of the sciatica pain, one of two surgical procedures will typically be considered:
In cases where the sciatica pain is due to a lumbar disc herniation, a microdiscectomy or small open surgery with magnification may be considered. In this surgery, only the portion of the herniated disc that is pinching the nerve is removed - the rest of the disc is left intact.
This surgery is generally considered after 4 to 6 weeks if the severe pain is not relieved by non-surgical means. If the patient’s pain and disability is severe, surgery may be considered sooner than 4 to 6 weeks.
As a general rule, approximately 90% to 95% of patients will experience relief from their sciatica pain after this type of surgery.
Parkinson's disease affects the way you move. It happens when there is a problem with certain nerve cells in the brain.
Normally, these nerve cells make an important chemical called dopamine. Dopamine sends signals to the part of your brain that controls movement. It lets your muscles move smoothly and do what you want them to do. When you have Parkinson's, these nerve cells break down. Then you no longer have enough dopamine, and you have trouble moving the way you want to.
Parkinson's is progressive, which means it gets worse over time. But usually this happens slowly, over many years. And there are good treatments that can help you live a full life.
No one knows for sure what makes these nerve cells break down. But scientists are doing a lot of research to look for the answer. They are studying many possible causes, including aging and poisons in the environment.
Abnormal genes seem to lead to Parkinson's disease in some people. But so far, there is not enough proof to show that it is always inherited.The four main symptoms of Parkinson's are:
Tremor may be the first symptom you notice. It's one of the most common signs of the disease, although not everyone has it.
Dementia is not a single disease in itself, but a general term to describe symptoms such as impairments to memory, communication and thinking.
While the likelihood of having dementia increases with age, it is not a normal part of aging. Before we had today's understanding of specific disorders, "going senile" used to be a common phrase for dementia ("senility"), which misunderstood it as a standard part of getting old.
Light cognitive impairments, by contrast, such as poorer short-term memory, can happen as a normal part of aging (we slowly start to lose brain cells as we age beyond our 20s3). This is known as age-related cognitive decline, not dementia, because it does not cause the person or the people around them any problems. Dementia describes two or more types of symptom that are severe enough to affect daily activities.
Symptoms that are classed as "mild cognitive impairment" - which, unlike cognitive decline, are not a normal part of aging - do not qualify as dementia either, since these symptoms are not severe enough.For some people though, this milder disease leads to dementia later on.
A number of brain disorders with more severe symptoms are classified as dementias, with Alzheimer's disease being the best known and most common.
An analysis of the most recent census estimates that 4.7 million people aged 65 years or older in the US were living with Alzheimer's disease in 2010.5 The Alzheimer's Association has used this analysis to number-crunch the extent of the disorder in its 2013 report. It estimates that:
The non-profit organization says Alzheimer's accounts for between 60% and 80% of all cases of dementia, with vascular dementia caused by stroke being the second most common type.
Strokes can be classified into two major categories: ischemic and hemorrhagic. Ischemic strokes are those that are due to interruption of the blood supply, while hemorrhagic strokes are the ones which are due to rupture of a blood vessel or an abnormal vascular structure. 80% of strokes are due to ischemia; the remainder are due to hemorrhage. Some hemorrhages develop inside areas of ischemia ("hemorrhagic transformation"). It is unknown how many hemorrhages actually start off as ischemic stroke.
Jeevan Rekha Hospital
14/32, Staniley Road, Opp. Traffic Police Line,
Allahabad-211002, Uttar Pradesh, India