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Deformity Correction

Pioneers in the industry, we offer Dwarfism, Constitutional Short Stature Treatment, Limb Lengthening Surgery, After Trauma Growth Plate, Knock-knees Correction, Arm Or Leg Length Discrepancies and Foot And Ankle Disorder from India.

Dwarfism, Constitutional Short Stature Treatment
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TypeSurgicsl/Non-Surgical
GenderAny
Age GroupAll
UsageFor the treatment of disorders associated with dwarfism
LocationAurangabad
Treatment typeAllopathic

Dwarfism is characterized by constitutional short stature. Technically, that means an adult whose height is 4 feet 10 inches or less has dwarfism. It can be caused by any one of more than 300 conditions, most of which are genetic. The most common type, accounting for 70% of all cases of short stature, is called achondroplasia. Dwarfism can and most often does occur in families where both parents are of average height. In fact, 4 out of 5 of children with achondroplasia dwarfism are born to average-size parents. There are many forms of dwarfism. The word pituitary is in reference to the pituitary gland in the body. This gland regulates certain chemicals (hormones) in the body. Therefore, pituitary dwarfism is decreased bodily growth due to hormonal problems. The end result is a proportionate little person, because the height as well as the growth of all other structures of the individual is decreased.
Types of Dwarfism There are two main categories of dwarfism. One category is disproportionate dwarfism, meaning that the person has some average-size parts of the body, such as the head and/or trunk, and some shorter-than-normal parts of the body, such as the legs and arms. The most common type of disproportionate dwarfism is achondroplasia. In fact achondroplasia accounts for about 70 percent of all cases of dwarfism. The other main category of dwarfism is proportionate dwarfism, meaning that the person is small all over. Growth-hormone deficiency dwarfism, primordial dwarfism, and Seckel syndrome are types of proportionate dwarfism.

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Limb Lengthening Surgery
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Limb Lengthening Surgery

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Type Of SurgeryLengthening over nail, Lengthening over plate, Internal lengthening nails, Limb reservation prosthes
Usage/ApplicationFor the treatment of discrepancy in the leg length
GenderAny
LocationAurangabad
Treatment AreaLimb
Treatment TypeSurgical

The limb lengthening procedure works by gradually growing new bone and soft tissues (skin, muscle, nerves, blood vessels, etc). This new growth is called tissue regeneration. In this limb lengthening operation, bone and soft tissue regenerate when they are distracted (pulled apart) at a very slow rate of approximately 1 mm per day. If the rate of distraction is faster than this, bone may fail to form between the two ends of the bone that are being pulled apart and soft tissues, such as muscle, may experience contracture (get too tight) or nerves may become paralyzed. If the rate of distraction is too slow, premature consolidation may occur (the bone may consolidate too soon), preventing the lengthening device from further pulling it apart. There are many different lengthening devices used. The most common are external fixators, which are devices that attach to the bone by means of thin wires or thicker pins that have a screw threading at their attachment to the bone. There are also lengthening devices that are fully implanted inside the bone. These devices do not require external pins. The different devices are described separately. There are two phases of lengthening until the bone is fully healed: the distraction phase and the consolidation phase.The distraction phase: It is the lengthening phase. After the desired length is obtained, the newly regenerated bone is still very weak because of lack of calcium within it.Consolidation phase: This occurs when the desired length has been reached and the bone begins to fully grow and harden. The uniqueness and value of distraction osteogenesis lies in its ability to simultaneously expand both the bone volume and the surrounding soft tissue.

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After Trauma Growth Plate
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Growth plates, also known as epiphyseal plate or physis, are the area of growing tissue near the end of the long bones in children and adolescents. Located at each end of a bone, growth plates are the weakest sections of the skeleton — sometimes even weaker than surrounding ligaments and tendons. Because growth plates are so fragile, growth plate or epiphyseal plate injury that would result in a joint sprain for an adult can cause a growth plate fracture in your child. Growth plate fractures often need immediate treatment because they can affect how the bone will grow. An improperly treated growth plate fracture could result in a fractured bone ending up more crooked or shorter than its opposite limb (leg shortening). But the comforting news for your child is that with proper treatment, most growth plate fractures heal without complications.
Who Gets Growth Plate Injuries?These injuries occur in children and adolescents. The growth plate is the weakest area of the growing skeleton, weaker than the nearby ligaments and tendons that connect bones to other bones and muscles. In a growing child, a serious injury to a joint is more likely to damage a growth plate than the ligaments that stabilize the joint. An injury that would cause a sprain in an adult can be associated with a growth plate injury in a child. Injuries to the growth plate are fractures. They comprise 15 percent of all childhood fractures. They occur twice as often in boys as in girls, with the greatest incidence among 14- to 16-year-old boys and 11- to 13-year-old girls. Older girls experience these fractures less often because their bodies mature at an earlier age than boys. As a result, their bones finish growing sooner, and their growth plates are replaced by stronger, solid bone. Approximately half of all growth plate injuries occur in the lower end of the outer bone of the forearm (radius) at the wrist. These injuries also occur frequently in the lower bones of the leg (tibia and fibula). They can also occur in the upper leg bone (femur) or in the ankle, foot, or hip bone.

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Knock-knees Correction
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Knock-knees Correction

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In knock knees (genu valgum or genu valgus), the lower legs are at an outward angle, such that when the knees are touching and the ankles are separated. Most children develop a slight knock-kneed stance by the time they are 2 or 3 years old. This is part of normal development and often persists through age 5 or 6, at which time the legs begin to straighten fully. By puberty, most children can stand with the knees and ankles touching (without forcing the position). Knock knees can also develop as a result of disease processes. If this condition is not fixed in childhood, it may continue through to adulthood and begin to cause a problem for the adult affected. Adults can also have knocked knees due to arthritis or a severe injury to the knee.
What are possible complications of knock knees?Possible complications of knock knees include:Difficulty walking Self-esteem changes related to cosmetic appearance of knock kneesIf left untreated, knock knees can lead to early arthritis of the knee Treatment for Knock Knees For knock knee treatment, the orthopedic micro surgery and the following knock knees correction with Ilizarov-Veklich device, an external fixator, invented by Dr. Veklich Vitaliy is applied. The solution of micro-surgery with the further application of Ilizarov-Veklich device, while knock knees correction takes place, can be used for correction of most severe deformities. This can be done safely and it can prevent the need for joint replacement for patient that had a knock knees before.

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Arm Or Leg Length Discrepancies
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Differences between the lengths of the upper and/or lower arms and the upper and/or lower legs are called limb length discrepancies (LLD). Except in extreme cases, arm length differences (congenital hand deformities) cause little or no problem in how the arms function. Therefore, the main focus is mostly on differences in the leg length.Symptoms of limb deformitiesThe effects of limb length discrepancy vary from patient to patient, depending on the cause and size of the difference. Differences of 3 1/2 percent to 4 percent of the total length of the leg (about 4 cm or 1 2/3 inches in an average adult) may cause short leg syndrome (noticeable abnormalities when walking). These differences may require the patient to exert more effort to walk.
Causes of leg length discrepancyPrevious Injury to a Bone in the Leg: A broken leg bone may lead to a limb length discrepancy if it heals in a shortened position. This is more likely if the bone was broken in many pieces. It also is more likely if skin and muscle tissue around the bone were severely injured and exposed, as in an open fracture.Bone Infection: Bone infections that occur in children while they are growing may cause a significant limb length discrepancy. This is especially true if the infection happens in infancy. Inflammation of joints during growth may cause uneven leg length. One example is juvenile arthritis.Bone Diseases (Dysplasias): They may also cause limb length discrepancies. Examples are: Neurofibromatosis, Multiple hereditary exostoses and Ollier diseaseOther Causes: Other causes include inflammation (arthritis) and neurologic conditions

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Foot And Ankle Disorder
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Foot And Ankle Disorder

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Foot and ankle emergencies happen every day. Broken bones, dislocations, sprains, contusions, infections, and other serious injuries can occur at any time. Early attention is vitally important. Whenever you sustain a foot or ankle injury, you should seek immediate treatment from a foot and ankle physician. Foot or ankle injuries most commonly occur during:Sports or recreational activitiesWork-related tasksWork or projects around the home
Foot ProblemsEach foot has 33 joints, eight arches, 26 bones, more than a hundred muscles, ligaments, and tendons that all work together to distribute body weight and allow movement. Unfortunately, many people pay no attention to their feet – until they start to hurt. Foot disorders must be diagnosed and treated early, before they become very painful and incapacitating. In some cases, some painful foot abnormalities are already warning signs of even more serious ailments such as diabetes, circulatory disorders, and nerve problems.

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Hip Disorders
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Hip Disorders

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The hip joint is the largest joint of the human body. A wide range of disorders can affect the hips including various forms of arthritis in the hip, hip dislocation, developmental conditions (such as dysplasia), irritable hip syndrome, Perthes' disease and slipped capital femoral epiphysis. Treatment options depend on the cause but may include medication, exercise, splinting and surgery.SymptomsThe symptoms of hip problems may include:Pain in the hip joint (usually felt in the groin area)Referred pain to the thigh and knee Limping Reduced range of motionMuscle stiffnessPain when trying to put weight through the leg on the affected side.

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After Tumor Bone Defects
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After Tumor Bone Defects

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A tumor is a lump or mass of tissue that forms when cells divide uncontrollably. A growing tumor may replace healthy tissue with abnormal tissue. It may weaken the bone, causing it to break (fracture). Most tumors in the bone are noncancerous (benign). Some are cancerous (malignant). Benign tumors are usually not life-threatening. Malignant tumors can spread cancer cells throughout the body (metastasize). This happens via the blood or lymphatic system. Most of the time, when people have cancer in the bones, it is caused by cancer that has spread from elsewhere in the body to the bones. It is much less common to have a true bone cancer, a cancer that arises from cells that make up the bone. It is important to determine whether the cancer in the bone is from another site or is from a cancer of the bone cells themselves. The treatments for cancers that have metastasized to the bone are often based on the initial type of cancer.
Types of Bone CancersCancer that begins in bone (primary bone cancer) is different from cancer that begins somewhere else in the body and spreads to bone (secondary bone cancer). The four most common types of primary bone cancer are:Multiple Myeloma: Multiple myeloma is the most common primary bone cancer. It is a malignant tumor of bone marrow. Multiple myeloma affects approximately five to seven people per 100,000 each year. Most cases are seen in patients between the ages of 50 and 70 years old. Any bone can be involved.Osteosarcoma: Osteosarcoma is the second most common bone cancer. It occurs in two or three new people per million people each year. Most cases occur in teenagers. Most tumors occur around the knee. Other common locations include the hip and shoulder.Ewing's Sarcoma: Ewings sarcoma most commonly occurs between 5 and 20 years of age. The most common locations are the upper and lower leg, pelvis, upper arm, and ribs.Chondrosarcoma: Chondrosarcoma occurs most commonly in patients between 40 and 70 years of age. Most cases occur around the hip and pelvis or the shoulder.There are many types of benign bone cancer tumors. The more common types include:Non-ossifying fibromaunicameral (simple) bone cystOsteochondromaGiant cell tumorEnchondromaFibrous dysplasia

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After Tumor Bone Defects
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After Tumor Bone Defects

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A tumor is a lump or mass of tissue that forms when cells divide uncontrollably. A growing tumor may replace healthy tissue with abnormal tissue. It may weaken the bone, causing it to break (fracture). Most tumors in the bone are noncancerous (benign). Some are cancerous (malignant). Benign tumors are usually not life-threatening. Malignant tumors can spread cancer cells throughout the body (metastasize). This happens via the blood or lymphatic system. Most of the time, when people have cancer in the bones, it is caused by cancer that has spread from elsewhere in the body to the bones. It is much less common to have a true bone cancer, a cancer that arises from cells that make up the bone. It is important to determine whether the cancer in the bone is from another site or is from a cancer of the bone cells themselves. The treatments for cancers that have metastasized to the bone are often based on the initial type of cancer.
Types of Bone CancersCancer that begins in bone (primary bone cancer) is different from cancer that begins somewhere else in the body and spreads to bone (secondary bone cancer). The four most common types of primary bone cancer are:Multiple Myeloma: Multiple myeloma is the most common primary bone cancer. It is a malignant tumor of bone marrow. Multiple myeloma affects approximately five to seven people per 100,000 each year. Most cases are seen in patients between the ages of 50 and 70 years old. Any bone can be involved.Osteosarcoma: Osteosarcoma is the second most common bone cancer. It occurs in two or three new people per million people each year. Most cases occur in teenagers. Most tumors occur around the knee. Other common locations include the hip and shoulder.Ewing's Sarcoma: Ewings sarcoma most commonly occurs between 5 and 20 years of age. The most common locations are the upper and lower leg, pelvis, upper arm, and ribs.Chondrosarcoma: Chondrosarcoma occurs most commonly in patients between 40 and 70 years of age. Most cases occur around the hip and pelvis or the shoulder.There are many types of benign bone cancer tumors. The more common types include:Non-ossifying fibromaunicameral (simple) bone cyst Osteochondroma Giant cell tumorEnchondromaFibrous dysplasia

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Severe Fractures of the Upper and Lower Extremities
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A fracture is defined as a break in the bone.Types of Fractures Green stick fracture: It is the fracture in the young bone of children where the break is incomplete, leaving one cortex intact.Closed fracture: A closed fracture is one where the fracture hematoma does not communicate with the outside.Open fracture: (Compound fracture) this is one where the fracture hematoma communicates with the outside through an open wound. A Compound fracture is a serious injury as infection may gain entrance into the body through the wound and thereby endanger the limb or even life.Pathological fracture: It is a fracture occurring after a trivial violence in a bone weakened by some pathological lesion. This lesion may be a localized one, like a secondary malignant deposit or a generalized disorder like hyperparathyroidism or senile osteoporosis.Stress fracture: It is a fracture occurring at a site in the bone subject to repeated minor stresses over a period of time.Birth fracture: It is a fracture in the new born children due to child due to injury during delivery.
Fractures of the Lower ExtremitiesLower leg fractures include fractures of the tibia and fibula. Of these two bones, the tibia is the only weight bearing bone. Fractures of the tibia generally are associated with fibula fracture, because the force is transmitted along the interosseous membrane to the fibula. The skin and subcutaneous tissue are very thin over the anterior and medial tibia and as a result of this; a significant number of fractures to the lower leg are open. Even in closed fractures, the thin, soft tissue can become compromised. In contrast, the fibula is well covered by soft tissue over most of its course with the exception of the lateral malleolus. The tibia and fibula articulate at the proximal tibia-fibular syndesmosis. Fractures of the tibia can involve the tibial plateau, tibial tubercle, tibial eminence, proximal tibia, tibial shaft, and tibial plafond. Lower extremity injuries and fractures occur frequently in young children and adolescents. Similar to many of the injuries in the upper extremity, fractures in the lower extremity in children often can be treated non-operatively with closed reduction and casting. However, several lower extremity fractures also frequently require surgical intervention to obtain a precise anatomical reduction.

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Metatarsus Adductus
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Metatarsus Adductus

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Pigeon toes, also called metatarsus varus, metatarsus adductus, in-toe gait, intoeing or false clubfoot, is a condition which causes the toes to point inward when walking. It is most common in infants and children under two years of age and, when not the result of simple muscle weakness, normally arises from one of three underlying conditions, a twisted shin bone, an excessive anteversion (femoral head is more than 15 degrees from the angle of torsion) resulting in the twisting of the thigh bone when the front part of a person's foot is turned in. In MTA, the forefoot is turned inwards, while the hindfoot (or heel) is normal. If the hindfoot is involved, it becomes a more serious problem. If the forefoot adductus or varus is associated with hindfoot valgus, it is called a skew foot. If the forefoot adductus is associated with hindfoot varus and ankle equinus where the foot points downwards, the problem is a clubfoot.
Symptoms of a Pigeon ToeThe front of the foot is bent or angled in toward the middle of the foot. The back of the foot and the ankles are normal. About half of pigeon toed children have the problem in both feet.

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