Abdomen is packed with various organs which sometimes present with symptoms mimicking each other. On several occasions it may be difficult to pin point the exact disease and organ involved even after using highly specialized imaging. In conditions such as recurrent pain in the abdomen when all tests are inconclusive we now have a choice of introducing a camera through a 1cm incision around the belly button to see and diagnose the disease. Several times diseases such as tuberculosis of abdomen, appendicitis, ovarian disease, adhesions and abdominal spread of cancers cannot be made out even if we use sophisticated scans. In such conditions laparoscopy is of great advantage because not only can we diagnose the illness we can treat is appropriately in the same sitting. Additional instruments are introduced to the abdomen via separate incisions to perform the surgery.