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Nepal Expedition & Package Tours
Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is bordered by the People's Republic of China to the north and by India to the south, east and west. The Himalaya mountain range runs across Nepal's northern and western parts, and eight of the world's ten highest mountains, including the highest, Mount Everest, lie within its borders.
Historically, what is now Nepal was made up of many small kingdoms. The modern state was formed with the Unification of Nepal by Prithvi Narayan Shah on December 21, 1768. Until 2006, Nepal was a kingdom. Nepal is now a federal democratic republic.
Its recent history has involved struggles for democratic government with periods of direct monarchic rule. From 1996 until 2006, there was a Civil War between government forces and guerrillas of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). On December 28, 2007, the Interim Parliament passed a bill and declared Nepal to be a Federal Democratic Republic. The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly officially implemented that declaration on May 28, 2008.