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What is a total hip replacement?
Total hip replacement is done with the help of artificial materials and the diseased bone and cartilage of the hip joint is replaced surgically. The cup shaped cone of the pelvis is also called ‘acetabulum’ in scientific language. In hip joint replacement the socket ball is replaced with the artificial metal ball and the stem id inserted in the thigh bone also known as femur. "Prosthesis” is the name given to the artificial stem and metal ball.
Methylmethacrylate also known as bony cement is used to fix the prosthesis into the core of femur bone. Instead of using bony cement, cement less prosthesis with microscopic pores is also used for the same purpose, this cement less procedure is mostly recommended for younger patients.
Who is a candidate for total hip replacement?
Total hip replacements are basically used for the people suffering from severe arthritis. The most common category of arthritis for which hip replacement id required is degenerative arthritis (osteoarthritis). Congenital abnormality of the hip joint, aging and prior trauma to the hip joint leads to this type of arthritis. Bony fractures of the hip joint, rheumatoid arthritis, and death (aseptic necrosis) of the hip bone also leads to hip replacement. In this type of arthritis pain in day to day activities like walking, climbing stairs, and even arising from a sitting position is normal. As replacement is recommended by doctors when the pain turns unbearable and can’t be controlled by medicines. Hip replacement is a major decision and requires a lot of analysis and outcome of the operation.
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