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Nidhi Chemicals

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Acetone, Propan-2-one, C3H6O, CAS No. 67-64-1
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Chemical Identifiers

Chemical NameAcetone
CAS Number67-64-1
Molecular FormulaC3H6O
SynonymsDimethyl Ketone, Dimethyl Carbonyl, Ketone Propane, 2-propanone, beta-ketopropane
EC Number200-662-2
IUPAC NamePropanone

General Details

Purity>99%, 99%, 98%
Packaging Details255 l (200 kg) Drum, 200 I (160 kg) Drum, 100 I ( 80 kg) Drum, 32 l (25 kg) Drum, 5 l Drum, 1 l Can

Chemical Properties

Molecular Weight (g/mol)58.08 g/mol
Density0.7845 g/cm³
Melting Point−94.7°C
Boiling Point56.05°C
Solubility in waterMiscible
Vapor pressure, kPa30.6
Acidity (pKa)19.16
Refractive index1.3588
Viscosity0.295 mPa·s
Flash Point−20°C
Auto Ignition Temperature465°C
Freezing Point−95°C
Surface tension25.2 mN/m
Thermal Conductivity0.0115 W/m-K
Saturation Concentration24% at 20°C
Vapor density (air=1)2 (vs. air)
Evaporization Number2
Critical Temperature235°C
Critical Pressure4.69 MPa
Dipole Moment2.91 D
Dielectric Constant20.7 (25°C)
Partition Coefficient-0.24
Heat of Fusion5.7 kJ/mol
Heat of Vaporization31.3 kJ/mol
Heat of Combustion–1785.7 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

Physical FormLiquid
ColorColorless
OdorMint Like
Shelf LifeUpto 10 years


Features

  • A Third Of The World's Acetone Is Used As Solvent
  • Acetone Is Colourless Liquid With Pleasant Odor
  • Acetone Is Used To Make Plastic, Fibers, & Drugs
  • Readily Soluble In Water, Ethanol, Ether, Etc

Application

  • Used In Nail Polish Remover & Cosmetics
  • Denatures Alcohol & Is Used As An Additive
  • Used As One Of The Volatile Component In Paints
  • Used In Pharmaceuticals To Have Proper Density

Production of Acetone
Acetone is produced using various production methods. Some of them are as follows -
Cumene Process - In this process, Cumene(Isopropyl Benzene) is heated in presence of Oxygen (air) to form Cumene Hydroden peroxide which is converted to Acetone and Phenol in presence of Hydrochloric Acid and Water
From Alkane Nitriles - Reaction of Grignard reagent with alkane nitriles followed by hydrolisis results in formation of ketones. So, Ethane nitrile reacts with Methyl Magnesium to give Acetone Oxidation of Isopropyl Alcohol - Ketones are prepared by controlled oxidation of secondary alcohol. Using an acidified solution of Potassium Dichromate. To prepare "Acetone" alcohol required is Isopropyl Alcohol.

ASTM Testing Standard
• D3925 Practice for Sampling Liquid Paints and Related Pigmented Coatings
• D6133 Test Method for Acetone, p-Chlorobenzotrifluoride, Methyl Acetate or t-Butyl Acetate Content of Solventborne and Waterborne Paints, Coatings, Resins, and Raw Materials by Direct Injection Into a Gas Chromatograph
• E180 Practice for Determining the Precision of ASTM Methods for Analysis and Testing of Industrial and Specialty Chemicals

Storage and Handling
• Use in well ventilated area. Avoid inhaling vapour. Avoid contact with eyes, skin and clothing.
• Keep container tightly closed when not in use.
• Storage should be cool, well ventilated away from sources of ignition or heat.
• Prevent accumulation of static charge. Store in original packaging.

Incompatible Materials
Strong oxidising substances. Strong acids

Fire Fighting
• Suitable extinguishing media – water spray, alcohol resistant foam, dry chemicals or carbon dioxide.
• Unsuitable extinguishing media – Do not use water jet
• Wear self contained breathing apparatus

First Aid
• Eyes – Immediately flood the eye with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes and get medical attention.
• Ingested – Wash out mouth with water. Do not induce vomiting. Keep warm and at rest. Get medical attention urgently.
• Skin – Remove contaminated clothing and wash skin thoroughly with water. If irritation persists get medical advice.
• Inhalation – Remove from exposure. Keep warm and at rest and get medical attention

Hazard Statement
• Highly flammable liquid and vapour.
• Causes serious eye irritation
• May cause drowsiness or dizziness
• Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking

Precaution
• Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces.
• If in eyes: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do.
• Get medical advice/attention.
• Store in a well ventilated place.

Uses
Acetone is used as a solvent to manufacture plastics, drugs and other industrial products. Acetone is used in household products like Cosmetics, personal care & surface cleaning. Its major use is in formulation of nail polish removers. It is used in pharma industry to maintain the density for pills and liquid medicines. Acetone in laboratories is used for faster cleaning of eqipments. Acetone denatures certain alcohol and is used as an additive in makeup and skin creams.

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