The decoction of bark is used in various ailments like cold, cough, severe diarrhea, piles, and body pains. It is also applied externally on ulcers, boils, skin eruptions and on gums as disinfectant1.
Major active constituents of Acacia catechu heart wood extract are catechin, epicatechin and catechu tannic acid.
Apart from the major compounds it also contains considerable quantity of Taxifolin, Phlobatinin, gummy matter, quercitrin, quercitin, kaempferol, isorhamnetin. Faxifolin, dihydrokaempfrol (+) afzelechin, an unidentified dimeric procyanidin and (-) epicatechin.
Acacia catechu possesses anti-pyretic1, anti-diarrhoeal, hypoglycemic, hepatoprotective2, anti-oxidant3, anti-microbial4 and immunomodulatory5 activities.
Indication Anti-oxidant agent.
Singh KN, Lal Brij. Notes on Traditional Uses of Khair (Acacia catechu Willd.) by inhabitants of Shivalik Range in Western Himalaya. Role of Sal Tree in the Life of Aboriginals of Central India 2007; 1-4.
Ray D, Sharatchandra KH, Thokchom IS. Antipyretic, antidiarrhoeal, hypoglycaemic and hepatoprotective activities of ethyl acetate extract of Acacia catechu Willd. in albino rats. Indian J Pharmacol. 2006; 38(6):408-413.
Yadav AS, Bhatnagar D. Inhibition of iron induced lipid peroxidation and antioxidant activity of Indian spices and Acacia in vitro. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2010 Mar; 65(1):18-24.
Voravuthikunchai SP, Limsuwan S. Medicinal plant extracts as anti-Escherichia coli O157:H7 agents and their effects on bacterial cell aggregation. J Food Prot. 2006 Oct; 69(10):2336-2341.
Ismail S, Azad M. Immunomodulatory activity of Acacia catechu. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2009; 53(1):25-33.