The aorta is a big vein (artery) which takes blood from your heart to your feet. It moves in your belly down to your belly button. There it divides into the two bloodstreams which move down to your feet. Many a times the aorta swells out (an aneurysm). This is quite risky because the aneurysm can burst out, leads to critical internal bleeding. Sometimes parts of the lining of the aneurysm crack out and stop the leg bloodstream. Then, the aneurysm has to be changed by a new artery.
The OperationYou will have provided a dose of general anesthesia and you will be completely asleep during the surgery. A cut mark is made in the epidermis of the belly button, usually at the left of the belly button, from the ribs below the groin. A new pipe (artery), of strong plastic material, is used to change the infected part of the aorta and is stitched in place inside the aneurysm. It is known as grafting. The cut in your belly is then stitched up. Many a times, two blood vessels which go to your feet have aneurysms as well. A fresh tube made from the same material as described above, is shaped identically is then used for the replacement. The turn up of the pants is mended to the leg arteries. An extra cut in each genital is required for this surgery. If more than one artery is blocked, they may be replaced at the same time. The life of new pipe is about 20 years. The duration of the surgery is about three to four hours.
Any AlternativesIf you leave it unattended, there could be a high probability of the aneurysm burst (rupturing). Also, as the aneurysm swells, surgery is difficult to do then. This is a complex surgery. Covering the aneurysm to protect it, extract the aneurysm, and fill the space of the aneurysm to stop it to leak is not so-effective as grafting the aorta. Any oral medicine is not so effective, not even an X-ray and laser treatment. This facility is available in some specialized centers only where new pipes are transplanted into the aneurysm via small cuts in one or more of your feet arteries and by the technique of special radiological. This technique however, is not so common. The best possible way is to have surgery.
Before the operationYou may have admitted in the hospital in emergency. If there is no emergency, then stop smoking and reduce your weight, in case, if you are obese. If you have blood pressure, heart, or lungs problem, consults to your family doctor to examine whether they are under control. Check the hospital''s precaution list about the Pills or hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Check you have any family member, who can come with you to the hospital, take home, and take care of you for the first month after the surgery. Take all the medicine with you in the hospital. Before the operation, you will be fully examined for the past