IntroductionBarley is an important rabi crop. For human consumption, it is largely consumed by the poor classes either as flour for chapati making, pure or mixed with wheat or gram flour, or as parched grains to make sattu. In Bihar and West Bengal the poor as a staple food consume dehusked barley. In Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan, mixed flour of barley, gram and wheat is used for making `missi roti’. However, almost 60 per cent of the total barley produced in India are consumed as cattle feed.Barley is also used in the manufacture of malt , aryuvedic medicine, cocoa-malt drinks and baby foods. With the coming up of many new breweries, after the liberalised licensing policy, the share of barley in the production of malt for manufacture is expected to rise.Area Of CultivationThe are under barley cultivation in India has been gradually going down as farmers are shifting to more remunerative crops like wheat and gram or cash crops like rapeseed, mustard or safflower. Barley is grown mainly in the northern plains of the country, but its cultivation extends up to elevations of about 4,575 metres (15,000 feet) in the Himalayas. Its greatest concentration is in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Bihar, which account for approximately 52, 18 and 11 per cent, respectively, of the total area. It is also grown to a considerable extent in northern Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir.It is of minor importance in the south of 20oN, although it can be grown successfully wherever wheat can be grown. In this region, it occupies small areas in Gujarat, Maharashtra, northern Karnataka and in the Nilgiris and the Palney Hills of Tamil Nadu. About 51 per cent of the total area under this crop receive irrigation, the remainder being grown as a rainfed crop. The crop needs less water and is more tolerant of salinity and alkali conditions than other winter cereals. It is, therefore, of great significance in areas where it is not possible to take a successful crop of wheat owing to unsuitable soil and insufficient irrigation. SeasonBarley requires cool weather during early growth and warm and dry weather at maturity. It grows reasonably well in temperate as in sub-tropical regions of the world. Being drought resistant, barley suits areas with scanty rainfall. Sowing of barley in India takes place during October to December.SoilsBarley can be grown successfully on those soils, which are suitable for wheat cultivation. However, it thrives well on well-drained fertile deep loam soils. Severe lodging occurs when grown on extremely fertile soils. It is grown widely on a variety of soils ranging in their texture from sandy to heavy loams in the Indo-Gangetic plains and on terraced slopes in the hills.Its cultivation also extends, although to a limited extent, to medium black soils of Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Karnataka. It is more tolerant to alkali and saline conditions than other rabi cereals and is grown extensively under such conditions in Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Recent experiment indicates that this crop can be grown successfully on coastal saline soils of Sunderbans in West Bengal and on saline-alkali black soils in the canal-irrigated areas of northern Karnataka.
CultivationBanana needs 150-200 g N, 40-60 g P2O5 and 200-300 g K2O/plant/year. Full dose of P2O5 at the time of planting, 4 splits of N and K before the start of reproductive phase have been recommended. However, studies conducted at different locations have clearly indicated necessity of application of one-fourth N and one-third K2O at reproductive phase. Application of N in reproductive phase delayed the senescence of leaves and improved the bunch weight. Finger filling was better when the one-third of K2O was applied at shooting stage. In field experiments application of 25% N through compost 2 kg cake and 50% N as inorganic source recorded sustainable production.
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About the Company
Year of Establishment1997
Legal Status of FirmLimited Company (Ltd./Pvt.Ltd.)
Nature of BusinessManufacturer
Number of Employees26 to 50 People
Annual TurnoverUpto Rs. 50 Lakh
IndiaMART Member SinceApr 2002
Import Export Code (IEC)08100*****
We are the leading manufacturers and suppliers
of Guar Gum powder
and Guar Gum Splits
in Gujarat, India. We here atRama Industries
give great importance to Quality
. Packaging of Guar Gum is done in such a way that it preserves the highly delicate product in good condition for a long time.
The history of Rama Industries dates back to 1990
when the promoters of this Company established a guar splitting plant
at Deesa, Gujarat State Of India. In the year 1997
the first line
for production for Food Grade Guar Gum Powder
was set up in a completely new premises under direct control of technocrats
, well qualified and having experience of the trade to their credit, highly qualified parteners
under whom the entire working of the Unit and the Manufacturing process is constantly watched, vigil and care being exercised so as to regularly maintain the quality
of the products. Since then the production, quality control, warehousing and other facilities have been expanded and improved from time to time.now we have expanded3 sepatare plants
---2 specially for Food grade and 1 for technical and oil drilling grade.
Rama industries and its flagship brand Ricol
command a high reputation worldwide for quality products, efficient services and level of reliability
as a stable supplier of quality products. The company lays special emphasis on maintaining quality standards
parallel to the highest in the industry. It is always busy developing new and improved products for various applications.