What are the symptoms of Cataract
Cataract usually forms and progresses slowly and therefore leads to a gradual blurring of vision. It may also cause other symptoms like frequent change of glasses, glare, change in colour vision etc.
What is the treatment Can it be cured by medicines
There are no medications, eye drops, exercises or glasses that will cause Cataracts to disappear once they have formed. Surgery is the only way to remove a Cataract.
When should one get operated for Cataract
The timing of Cataract surgery largely depends upon the needs of the patient. When the vision loss due to Cataract is significant enough to hamper one's routine activities, the Cataract may be operated upon. It is not necessary to wait for Cataract to 'ripen' or 'mature'. In fact, a more advanced stage of Cataract is sometimes more difficult to manage by newer techniques like Phacoemulsification.
Which is the Best Surgical Option
The best procedure for most patients is stitchless Phacoemulsification with a foldable Intraocular lens. However, for some selected patients, an alternative method may be more suitable.
What is Phacoemulsification
It is a painless procedure using a very small incision. Through this small incision, the tip of the instrument is introduced into the eye. This tip uses localized high frequency waves to break the cataract into very minute fragments and pieces, which are then sucked out in a controlled manner through the same tip. A thin 'capsule' or shell is left behind after cleaning up of the entire opaque cataract. A foldable intraocular lens is then inserted through the same small incision and is supported on this capsule.
What are the advantages of Phacoemulsification over extracapsular (non-phaco) surgery
In a non-phaco surgery the incision required is larger (10-12 mm) and requires stitches for closing. This larger incision takes 6-8 weeks to heal. Moreover, the stitches can cause distortion of the normal curvature of the cornea (the clear part of eye) and thus lead to astigmatism and blurred vision because of this. In contrast, Phacoemulsification requires smaller wound of only less than 2 mm, which does not require stitches, heals faster with minimum distortion and leads to early visual recovery and return to work.
What anesthesia is used for the surgery
In most of the patients, the surgery is done under local anesthesia. Most of the times it is performed after putting only anesthetic drops, and without any injection. However, in some cases, especially in anxious patients, local anesthesia in form of injection may be given.
Is admission required for cataract surgery
It is a short surgery of about 10-15 minutes and the patient can go home after 1/2-1 hour. So only a short stay is required.
What are the postoperative precautions
There is no restriction in reading, watching TV, walking or eating any type of food. Most of the patients can resume their office work within a few days after the surgery.You will have to use eye drops for about 4 weeks. It is advisable not to splash water on your open eye or rubbing it for 2 weeks.
The Excellent Infrastructure facility is supplemented with a very motivated and dedicated team of staff members who are willing to go an extra mile to make the patients comfortable and to ensure the quality of services and the safety of the patients and the attendants.
The Team of Doctors at Visitech Eye Centre are highly qualified and one of the best in their own specialties. The doctors and the management ensure that the patients get the best possible treatment in a very friendly and convenient manner.