Types Of Diabetes
- Diabetes Mellitus (DM) commonly known as Diabetes is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
- If the high blood sugar levels are not controlled immediately, it could develop into diabetes over a period of time.
- It reduces the ability of your body to produce insulin. This hormone is vital for converting sugar into energy for your daily routine.
- Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy. Sometimes your body doesn’t make enough—or any—insulin or doesn’t use insulin well. Glucose then stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells.
- Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause health problems.
Type 1 Diabetes
If you have type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin. Your immune system attacks and destroys the cells in your pancreas that make insulin. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, although it can appear at any age. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day to stay alive.Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes, your body does not make or use insulin well. You can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. However, this type of diabetes occurs most often in middle-aged and older people. Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes.Gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes develops in some women when they are pregnant. Most of the time, this type of diabetes goes away after the baby is born. However, if you’ve had gestational diabetes, you have a greater chance of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. Sometimes diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy is actually type 2 diabetes.
CAUSES OF DIABETES
- Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin, or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced .
- The exact cause of Type 1 diabetes is unknown. What is known is that your immune system — which normally fights harmful bacteria or viruses — attacks and destroys your insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.
- This leaves you with little or no insulin. Instead of being transported into your cells, sugar builds up in your bloodstream.
SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES
WHAT HEALTH PROBLEMS CAN PEOPLE WITH DIABETES DEVOLOP ?
- Increased thirst , Frequent urination
- Extreme hunger ,Unexplained weight loss /gain
- Presence of ketones in the urine (ketones are a byproduct of the breakdown of muscle and fat that happens when there’s not enough available insulin)
- Fatigue , Irritability ,Blurred vision ,Slow-healing sores
- Frequent infections, such as gums or skin infections and vaginal infections
- heart disease stroke
- kidney disease eye problems
- dental disease nerve damage
- foot problems