Chronic Open Angle glaucoma
As there are hardly any symptoms, the patient is largely unaware that
there is a progressive loss of vision. The only way of diagnosis is
through periodic eye examinations.
This is visible literally from birth. Since the eye of an
infant is more elastic than that of an adult, the increase of pressure
leads to the eye bulging out.
Acute Angle Closure Glaucoma
This is a sudden onset. Blurred vision, severe pain, rainbow
haloes around light, nausea and vomiting are the immediate symptoms.
Unless medical attention is provided immediately, blindness can result
in a day or two.
Anybody over the age of 40 years is susceptible to Glaucoma. That’s why
it is advised that people above 40 should go in for an ophthalmologic
examination every 6 months.
Glaucoma is usually controlled with eye drops or oral medication given
in various combinations. These medications act to decrease the eye
pressure either by assisting flow of fluid outside the eye or by
decreasing the amount of fluid entering the eye. If medication is poorly
tolerated or not effective in controlling the intra-ocular pressure,
surgery is done to create an artificial drainage channel for the fluid
to drain out.