Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve - the part of the eye that carries the images we see to the brain. The optic nerve is made up of many nerve fibers, like an electric cable containing numerous wires. When damage to the optic nerve fibers occurs, blind spots develop. These blind spots usually go undetected until the optic nerve is significantly damaged. If the entire nerve is destroyed, blindness results.
Early detection and
treatment by your ophthalmologist are the keys to preventing
optic nerve damage and blindness from glaucoma.
Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness in the world, specially for older people. But loss of sight from glaucoma can often be prevented with early treatment.
Clear liquid called aqueous humor circulates inside the
front portion of the eye. To maintain a healthy level of
pressure within the eye, a small amount of this fluid
produced constantly while an equal amount flows out of the
eye through a microscopic drainage system. (This liquid is
not part of the tears on the outer surface of the eye.)
Because the eyeball is a closed structure, if the drainage area for the aqueous humor-called the drainage angle-is blocked, the excess fluid cannot flow out of the eye. Fluid pressure within the eye increases, pushing against the optic nerve and causing damage.
What are the different
types of glaucoma?
Chronic open-angle glaucoma: This is the most common form of glaucoma.
The risk of developing chronic open-angle glaucoma increases