- Fatehgarh Sahib
Punjab, located in the north west of India, is one of the smallest and the most prosperous states of India. The five rivers Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum gave it its name 'punj-ab' or the 'land of five waters'. Punjab is primarily an agricultural state and enjoys the natural benefits of fertile soils and abundant waters. The Punjabi language has its origins in the Indo-European family of languages, which also included Persian and Latin. A land of ethnic and religious diversity, it is the birthplace of Sikhism.
Enterprise and endeavor, these two words symbolize the essential spirit of the people of Punjab. Since Independence, over 5 decades, the state has earned its epithet:
"Granary of India" through the enterprising spirit, and untiring toil of its people. Its average growth rate of 10% is amongst the highest in the country, clearly reflecting the progressive economy of the state. Punjab also boasts a 58% literacy rate and the highest per capita income in India.
Area: 50362 square kilometers (1.54 % of the country's total geographical area.)
Location: Punjab is situated in the northwest of India; it is bordered by Pakistan on the west, the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Himachal Pradesh on its northeast and Haryana and Rajasthan to its south.
Latitude: 29'30'' N to 32'32'' N
Longitude: 73'55" E to 76'50" E
Population: 24.29 million
Density: 482 per sq. km.
Languages: Punjabi and Hindi.Many people are fluent in English and Urdu Climate:
Average Annual Temperature:
January: 13° C (55° F), might drop to sub zero temperatures at nights
June: 34° C (93° F), might rise to 45° C (113° F) occasionally.