The aim here is to modify the stuttering so that it is easier and requires less of an effort, rather than eliminating it. This therapy works on the principle that if anxiety exacerbates stuttering, using easier stuttering with less avoidance and fear will alleviate the stuttering. This further can be divided into 4 stages of my treatment which I observe, study and then cure my students accordingly.
Stage 1 (Identification) - The therapist and the patient identify the core behaviors, secondary behaviors, and feelings and attitudes that accompany the stuttering.
Stage 2 (Desensitization) - The patient freezes stuttering behavior in an attempt to reduce fear and anxiety - this involves confronting difficult sounds, words and situations (rather than avoiding them), and stuttering intentionally (voluntary stuttering).
Stage 3 (Modification) - The patient learns easy stuttering. He/she learns how to apply: a) ''cancellations'' - stopping a dysfluency, pausing for a moment, and then repeating the word, b) ''pull-outs''- pulling out of a dysfluency into fluent speech, c) and ''preparatory sets'' - anticipating words that cause stuttering and using ''easy stuttering'' on those words.
Stage 4 (Stabilization) - The patient prepares practice assignments, makes preparatory sets and pull-outs automatic, and changes the way he/she sees himself/herself from being a stutterer to being a person who speaks fluently.
Year of Establishment2002
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Stammering and Stuttering (HAKALANA in Hindi) have the same meaning - it is a speech disorder in which the person repeats or prolongs words, syllables or phrases. The person with a stutter (or stammer) may also stop during speech and make no sound for certain syllables. People who stutter often find that stress and fatigue make it harder for them to talk flowingly, as well as situations in which they become self-conscious about speaking, such as public speaking or teaching. Most people who stutter find that their problem eases if they are relaxed.
According to medical dictionary, to stammer is "To hesitate in speech, halt, repeat, and mispronounce, by reason of embarrassment, agitation, unfamiliarity with the topic, or as yet unidentified physiologic causes. To mispronounce or transpose certain consonants in speech."
Stammering is common when children are learning to speak. However, the majority of kids grow out of this stage of initial stuttering. For some, however, the problem persists and requires some kind of professional help, such as speech therapy, but that also don’t seem to help for many stammers.
It is important that parents do not add to a child's stress by drawing too much attention to the problem when they are trying to communicate verbally. The calmer a child feels the less acute the symptoms tend to Become.