A varicose vein is a trivial (close to the epidermis) vein under the epidermis. It has swollen due to the reason of overflowing of blood from nerves going deep in the muscles of the feet. This occurs because some valves that carry blood to flow from the trivial to the deep nerves of the leg and the other way around are not working fine. Varicose veins do not show any symptoms. Though, many patients’ encounters with the problems like itching, pain and heaviness in the legs. In rare case, varicose veins can also feel bruising and swelling and even clotted and further it can be a reason for leg ulcer.
The Operation Normally, the main career nerve to the varicose veins is attached through two tiny cuts- first at the groin and other at the knee - and is then detached. There are many ways to perform this general surgery and you can consult the surgeon for the procedure. The most common treatment for this is to insert a special wire through the incisions in the groin into the vein and further by stripping of the nerves. Many a times, the other feeder vein needs to be tied off with the same way as for the main feeder vein. After that, small varicose vein is removed through the incision which was marked in the leg. This operation can be performed as soon as you admit to the hospital and you can get discharge on the same day and other case it also happens, in which you have to stay to the hospital for one or two nights after the general surgery. You will be provided general anesthesia to make you asleep during the surgery. Local anesthesia may be provided to you in the groin area and also on the smaller cuts on the skin, so that you don’t feel any pain when you wake after the surgery.
The initial phase of the surgery is to measure the extent of ulcer. A probe inspection may be done to examine the blood flow. A sample of the discharge is extracted for the lab to analyze for the appearance of any problem in ulcer. This information will help the doctor to prescribe anti-biotic which you will be needed in the future. The stomach problems are cleaned. A non-sticky dressing is applied on the ulcer. Four layers of bandages are covered circular your leg from the knee joint to the feet of your toes. The surgeon will call you to examine weekly. You will be provided after doctors get your laboratory report.
Any Alternatives If you don’t treat this well, it will not cause any trouble for some time. But after 5 or 10 years, you will find your veins are getting worse. This causes bad symptoms and by the time you will feel pain, bruising and swelling at the infected location. Injection option performs on its own, if the blood vessels are only visible below the knee joint and they are very small injections that can be useful to manage the veins that are still there after the surgery. Elastic stockings will be helpful for you, if you don’t want to go for surgery. They can help to figure out if you are feeling pain due to varicose veins. Laser device treatment, medicated gel, and medicines are not so beneficial for this type of veins. Application of Camouflage can help to lessen the pain to some extent.