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Experience the land of Natural Extravaganza and spiritualism., unfolded the mystery of rich Cultural heritage, visualize the wildlife and the wilderness, experience the Himalayan Adventure, or simply relax and rejuvenate in the luxury of amazing.
The Andaman & Nicobar are a group of picturesque Islands, big and small, inhabited and uninhabited, a total of 572 islands, islets and rocks lying in the South Eastern Part of the Bay of Bengal. They lie along an arc in long and narrow broken chain, approximately North-South over a distance nearly 800 kms. . It is logical to presume a former land connection form Cape Negris at South part of Burma to Achin Head (Cape Pedro) in Andalas (Sumatra). The flora and fauna of these islands, however, indicate that this land connection if it existed should have been prior to the development of their present life form.
The unparalleled beauty of these islands, create in men a love of nature with a caressing tenderness, a wistful fondness for all its delicate nuances. The enveloping atmosphere with its subtle harmonies of light and shade, fragrance and exhales the paradise, visionary splendors, and the music of the birds that defies definition would develop creative and constructive feelings in the hearts of those people who come here to enjoy the beauty of nature.Places to visit in and around Port Blair ROSS ISLAND:
Once the seat of British power and capital of these Islands, it stands now as a ruin of the bygone days with the old structure almost in debris. A small museum named 'Smritika' holds photographs and the other antiques of the Britishers relevant to these islands.VIPER ISLAND:
The Britishers used to harbour convicts here. The first jail was constructed here which was abandoned after the construction of Cellular Jail. It has a gallows atop a hillock, where condemned prisoners were hanged. Sher Ali, who killed Lord Mayo, the Viceroy of India in 1872, was also hanged here.
South Andamans (365 meters high). One can trek upto Madhuban through a nature trail and can find rare endemic birds, animals and butterflies. Conducted tours to Mt. Harriet are available from Andaman Teal House.CORBYN’S COVE
One of the most picturesque sea-beaches, it is ideal for sea bathing and sun-basking. The Waves Restaurant, The Peerless Resort nearby and the Hornbill Nest Guest House at a stone's throw, provide a kaleidoscopic view of the blue water front.
Assam the land of Brahamaputra, one of the most predominant rivers in the world. Being a Trans boundary river it starts the journey as the Tsangpo, near the sacred Mt Kailash in South Western Tibet and flows through the mountainous Tibet ,forming the deepest and the largest canyon of the world namely, Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon .After flowing at an average altitude of 4000 mts in Tibet the river takes the course to Arunachal Pradesh where he is named as Siang , and further passes through Assam where it joins with other two major rivers Dibang and Luit along with many other tributaries, and the river creates the fertile Brahamapurta Valley in Assam. Further down in Bangladesh the river is known as Jamuna and merges with river Ganges ,flows further down as two great rivers as Padma and Meghna after forming the largest delta at Sundarbans it merges into the Bay of Bengal. This mighty river completes its journey of 2900 kms from its source to its confluence.
Assam, as a destination corresponds to a world of contrasts and excitement with each place of the state having something amazing to offer. Some people call it a magic land while others call it a green paradise.
The State of Assam is one of the most beautiful regions of India. There is hardly any other state which has greater variety and colour in its natural scenery and in the cultural treasures of the people that inhabit it.Guwahati:
Hugging the shores of the turbulent Brahmaputra, Guwahati is the gateway to the enchanting North Eastern India. The Light of the East, Pragjyotishpura, as it was known once upon a time, is said to have been a vast kingdom during the epic period of the Mahabharata. Today, Guwahati is the hub of the region and also its largest city.Sualkuchi:
Assam produces three unique varieties of silks, the Golden Muga, the White Pat and the warm Eri. Silks grown all over the state find their way to Sualkuchi, 32 kms from Guwahati. Sualkuchi is one of the world's largest weaving villages often called the Manchester of the East. The entire population here is engaged in weaving exquisite silk fabrics. A renowned centre for silk production, particularly known for Muga - the golden silk of Assam which is not produced anywhere else in the world.Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary:
A wildlife reserve spreaded over 38.8 sq km of area in Marigaon district, located 30 kms. east of Guwahati.It has a dense population of one-horned Rhinoceros. Besides Rhinoceros the other animals are Leopard, Wild boar, Barking deer, etc. Assam’s Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary is also home to more than 2000 migratory birds and various reptiles. It is also an Important Bird Area.Hajo:
Located 32 kms. from Guwahati on the north bank of the Brahmaputra, it is a place where three religions meet - Hinduism, Islam and Buddhism. It has a large number of temples, the chief among them being Hayagriva-Madhab Temple. There is a belief that this temple contains the relic of Lord Buddha, while a section of the Buddhist hold that Lord Buddha attained nirvana here. Large number of Bhutanese visit this temple every year during the winter season.There is a place of pilgrimage for Muslims here known as Poa-Mecca.
According to mythology, the Pandavas had taken shelter in this region during their agyatvas or the period in hiding. One can see the stone bowl used by Bhima during the agyatvas.
Arunachal Pradesh ,one of the most sparsely populated states of India, covers an area of 83743 sq. Kms. Being situated in the North-Eastern part of India with 83743 sq. kms area, Arunachal has a long international border with Bhutan to the west (160 km), China to the north and north-east (1,080 km) and Myanmar to the east (440 km). It stretches from snow-capped mountains in the north to the plains of Brahmaputra valley in the south.
The land of abundance beauty ,with snow capped mountains, frozen lakes, sprawling river valleys , rocky slopes, green meadows carpeted with wild flowers.
It is the land of monasteries, lamas, beautiful warm people and delicious fruit orchards and threatened Himalayan wildlife.Shimla:
The British Empire may have ceased to exit, but its echo lingers on in Shimla (2205m). As the Summer Capital of the British in India, Shimla was the country's focus for the better part of every year and now, is the state capital of Himachal Pradesh. Today, it has well developed facilities, easy accessibility and numerous attractions making it one of India's most popular hill resort. Situated in the lower ranges of the Himalayan mountains, it is surrounded by pine deodar, oak and rhododendron forests. Towards the north lie the snow-covered high-ranges, while the valleys breathe whispering streams and swaying fields. Within the town are host of splendid colonial edifices, quaint cottages and charming walks. Shimla offers a variety of shopping, sport and entertainment activities.Fagu:
Fagu is a tiny village aside a saddle-like mountain along Hindustan Tibet Road. A rare range of views is visible from here, which include vivid dales and snow clad peaks. The picturesque countryside is dotted with clusters of villages, fruit gardens and nearby terraced fields. Fog characterizes the hillside landscape endowed with romantic ambience. Most of the area is covered with conifers of Himalayan cedar and spruce. Located at an altitude of 2,450 m, Fagu, perhaps have derived its name from the fog itself.Naldehra:
Located at distance of 22 km from Shimla, Naldehra (2044 m) is a heaven for tourists. It boasts of the oldest 9 hole golf course in the country. The well groomed Golf Course is a lovely verdant, perhaps one of the finest and sporty in India. Crowned with a springing turf the Golf Course was suggested by Lord Curzon. He was so enchanted by the place that he gave his daughter Alexendra, "Naldehra" as her second name. It is the venue of many competitions. The Nag temple is also situated here and Naldehra derives its name from it.Kasauli:
This small hill station seems to live in time warp that belongs to the 19th century. The narrow roads of Kasauli (1951m) slither up and down the hillside and offer some magnificent vistas. Directly below is the spread of vast plains of Punjab and Haryana which as darkness falls, unroll a gorgeous carpet of twinkling lights. At 3647 m, the peak of Choor Chandni also called the Choordhar powerfully dominates the lower hills and across the undulating ranges, Shimla is visible.
The valley is distinctively marked by breath-taking lakes, fresh water streams, luscious fruits, magnificent forests, mighty mountains and lush meadows which makes it a paradise on Earth. The mountain-downs or “margs” are numerous on the tops of the hill ranges prominent being Gulmarg, Sonamarg, Yousmarg etc. Lidder Valley, Sindh Valley, Dachigam Valley, Gulmarg Valley, Gurez Valley, Yousmarg Valley are some of the breathtakingly beautiful valleys in Kashmir. A paradise for nature lovers and adventure seekersSrinagar:
At Pandrethan , nearly 8 kilometers from Srinagar, Ashoka the Empreror founded the Srinagar city in 3rd Century BC as recorded in the Rajtarangni of Kalhana. Until 630 AD Srinagar remained the capital city of Kashmir when Parvarasana II established the new city called Parvarapura near Kohi-i-Maran (Hariparbat hill) - the present city which later came to be called as Srinagri. The present city of Srinagar is the summer capital of Jammu & Kashmir State situated at an altitude of 1590 mtrs (5209 ft) having latitude 23-04' North and longitude 74-48' East.
With its almost medieval charm the city of Srinagar has sights, smells and sounds to enchant the most jaded traveller. Its typical roads and bustling bazaars are a photographer's delight. A Mughal fort, developed to its full size in the late 18th century by an Afghan governor named Atta mohammed Khan around and atop Kohi-i-Maran dominates the city. The low wall enclosing the upper part of the hill was constructed by Emperor Akbar. Sprawling from the southward from the base of the Hill, the old city is the nerve centrer of Srinagar. In Persian chronicles, it is called "Shehr-e-Khas" or Main City of Kashmir. Srinagar has long been Kashmir's most important commercial town. Boats have been a primary means of conveyance in the past. On the banks of river Jehlum, an arterial waterway, the city is formed over a dozen of bridges which span the River and include Zero bridge, Abdullah bridge, Amira kadal, Budshah kadal, Habba kadal, Fateh kadal, Zaina Kadal, Ali kadal,Nawa kadal & Safa kadal. Old brick buildings line the banks with distinctive look.
Srinagar is a unique city with breathtaking physical environment, lakes, mughal gardens, springs, golf course, hills & mountains,cycling tracks, trekking opportunities, angling ,water sports, indoor sports, world class hotels and an international conference centre, restaurants, traditional and continental foods. Besides, it is endowed with spiritual places , exquisite arts and crafts and rich heritage. Neolithic age ruins (Burzhama site) & Budhist era ruins ( Harwan) are an archeologist's delight.Gulmarg:
Gulmarg reinforces its position as a PrimeWinter Destination( 2,730 m/56 km) from srinagar. Gulmarg's legendary beauty, prime location and proximity to Srinagar naturally make it one of Asia's premier hill resorts. Originally called 'Gaurimarg' by shepherds, Gulmarg was discovered in the 16th century by Sultan Yusuf Shah, who was inspired by the sight of its grassy slopes emblazoned with wild flowers. It was also a favourite resort of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir. Today, Gulmarg is not merely a mountain resort of exceptional beauty but also the country's premier ski resort in winter when it is covered in snow and takes on the appearance of a picture postcard.Pahalgam:
The Valley of Shepherds" Situated at the confluence of the streams flowing from Sheshnag Lake and the Lidder river, Pahalgam (2,130 m) was once a humble shepherd's village with breathtaking views.
Around Pahalgam are many places of interest, and because the resort is set between fairly steep hills, it is worth hiring a pony rather than walking.
A land situated in the south west of India, blessed with natures splendor. Ageless monuments, world heritage sites, lush green forests, amazing wildlife, spectacular waterfalls, romantic hill stations, timeless temples, pristine beaches, vibrant art & culture.Coorg:
Madikeri is the picturesque capital of Kodagu (also called Coorg) the land of coffee, cardamom, colonels and the Cauvery. The capital of Kodagu district is located in a beautiful hilly setting surrounded by the forested slopes of the Western Ghats. Here, time seems to have stopped. Dotted with a cluster of red-roofed dwellings and a bustling bazaar, the town, situated at an elevation of 1525m, has a charming old-world look. Madikeri provides access to some excellent picnic spots. Not much is known about the early history of Kodagu. From 1600 A.D. onwards, the Lingayat rajas ruled over Kodagu and established their capital at Madikeri where they built a mud fort. The Kodavas, as the people of Kodagu are called, troubled the Mysore rulers Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan through sporadic rebellions. Finally, in 1785 A.D., Tipu marched into Kodagu with a large army and devastated the little kingdom. Four years later, with the help of the British, Kodagu regained its independence and Raja Veerarajendra set about the task of reconstruction. In 1834 A.D., the British took over power in Kodagu.Chikmagalur:
Nestled in the Baba Budan hills, Chikmagalur is a calm, serene town full of surprises with hills, valleys, streams and coffee plantations. Coffee seed was planted here for the first time in India. Chikmagalur is a trekker's delight due to its rugged mountain trails, numerous hills, valleys and fresh water streams. Explore the rare wildlife sanctuary, ancient temples and forts. Take a stroll through the coffee plantations or catch a magnificent sunset. Experience the best of Western Ghats in Chikmagalur. For an enriching experience on the world of coffee, visit the Coffee Museum.Agumbe:
If you enjoy spectacular sunsets, sparkling streams, verdant village vistas, and an unspoilt rustic ambience, Agumbe is the place for you. Situated at an elevation of 826m in Shimoga district, Agumbe provided the perfect setting for R. K. Narayan to film his novel Malgudi Days. Agumbe and its environs are full of exciting trekking routes. Forested trails lead from here to a jungle pond called EmkalKere, a hillock called NishaniGudda, and to Barkana Falls. Agumbe is also known as the Cherrapunji of South India. You can also stop by the 14th century temple with Hoysala-style sculptures dedicated to Lord Gopalakrishna. The sunset as seen from Agumbe is a spectacular sight and many visitors come here to watch it, especially between November and January. A microwave tower, a significant landmark of Agumbe, is located at this point. Permission for trekking must be obtained from the Forest Department. Contact DFO, Shimoga Division, or Range Forest Officer, Megaravalli, Agumbe Range.Kemmangundi:
The picturesque hill station of Kemmangundi is located at a height of 1434m above sea level. This was the summer retreat of KrishnarajaWodeyar IV. Ringed by the Baba Budangiri Range and blessed with silver cascades, mountain streams and lush vegetation, Kemmangundi's beautifully laid-out ornamental gardens, enchanting mountains and valley views are a treat to the eye. The spectacular sunset view from the Raj Bhavan is a photographer's delight. For the adventurous at heart, Kemmangundi offers many peaks to scale and intricate jungle paths to explore.Kundadri:
Located on Theerthahalli-Agumbe road, about 12km from Theerthahalli, Kundadri Hill is a gigantic monolithic rock formation. Surrounded by dense evergreen forests, it is a lovely place for trekking. A rough, stone-paved path leads to a Jain temple perched atop the hill. Camping in the open at Kundadri Hills on a full moon night is an exhilarating experience.
This God’s Own country has the Arabian Sea in the west, the Western Ghats towering 500-2700 m in the east and networked by forty-four rivers, Kerala enjoys diverse geographical features. From tall mountains and deep valleys to endless backwaters and an extensive coastline, Kerala has it all.Fort Kochi: To explore the historic town of Fort Kochi, there is no better choice than setting out on foot. Relax, breathe deep and come out in cotton dresses, soft shoes and yes - a straw hat. At each and every nook of this island steeped in history, there is something amusing awaiting you. It is a world of its own, retaining the specimens of a bygone era and still proud of those days. If you can smell the past, nothing can stop you from walking through these streets. Walking straight through the K. J. Herschel Road and turning left, you can have a glimpse of Fort Immanuel. This bastion once belonged to the Portuguese and is a symbol of the strategic alliance which existed between the Maharaja of Cochin and the Monarch of Portugal, after whom the fort is named. This fort was built in 1503 and reinforced in 1538. Walking a bit further, you come across the Dutch cemetery. Consecrated in 1724 and managed by the Church of South India, the tomb stones here silently remind visitors of those Europeans who left their homeland to expand their colonial empires. The next spot to watch is the ancient Thakur House, which stands erect as a concrete specimen of the colonial era. The building is simply graceful. Formerly known as Kunal or Hill Bungalow, it was home to the managers of the National Bank of India during the British rule. Now, it belongs to the Thakur and Company, renowned tea trading firm. Walk on and there is another colonial structure awaiting you - David Hall. It was built around 1695 by the Dutch East India Company. The hall is associated with Hendrik Adriaan van Reed tot Drakeston, renowned Dutch commander, who is more admired for his monumental book on the flora of Kerala namely Hortus Malabaricus. However, David Hall is named after David Koder, a later occupant of the hall. Walking past the Parade Ground, the four acres of ground where the Portuguese, the Dutch and the British had once conducted military parades, you reach the St. Francis Church, the oldest European church in India. It has passed through many phases ever since the Portuguese built it in 1503. Now the church is under the Church of South India. By the way, it was in this church that Vasco-da Gama had been buried and his tombstone can still be seen. The Church Road is a nice place to walk, with the cool breeze from the Arabian Sea caressing your body. Walk down a bit closer to the sea and there is the Cochin Club, home to an impressive library and collection of sporting trophies.
Ladakh , The fascinating high altitude plateau at India’s furthest northern frontier probably occupies one of the topmost ‘must visit destinations’ for the nature lover.
Originating from La-Tags – Ladakh means “ land of the High Mountain Passes” where Nature has sketched some amazing landscapes with stunning pastel to make man feel spiritually high In summer the valley wears the colour of sullen grey,siltladen, and sometimes turning into violet. In autumn , the Indus valley is at the height of gracefulness-turquoise and aquamarine water weaving through golden banks of tall poplars and tumbling willows.
Tibet. To the west is Kashmir and to the south Himachal Pradesh. Indus river bisects the plateu and by the banks of Indus , sits Leh, the capital of Ladakh.
For thousands of years today’s Ladakh was the land of nomads. Then over the period of historical transition, combination of the ‘ Monn’ community from North India, ‘Dard’ from Baltisthan and ‘Mongolians’ from Central Asia finally gave birth to The Ladakhi community of today. Similarly the frequent changes in the name too took place. The Chinese pilgrim Hui-Ch’ao during the seventh century described Ladakh as the ‘land of Hoo’.While Huen sang described Ladakh as ‘Ma-lo-pho’ which means the Red Land. Ladakh has also been described as ‘Kanchapa’ –the land of snow or ‘Ripul’ -the land of mountains. Afterwards it became Ladwak from where the name Ladakh has been derived.Prime Attractions Leh:
Leh is the state capital accessible by road from Srinagar in Kasmir via Sonmarg, Zoji La, Kargil, Fatu La and Saspol while from Manali in Himachal Pradesh via Rohtang La, Keylong,the Baralacha, Naki,Lachulung and Tanglang La. Leh from its vantage on the northern crag is a diminutive Potala. General Zorawar’s Fort, Leh Palace –the 9 storied construction which is the replica of Potala Palace,Tsemo the Red Gompha, the Stok Palace , The Mosque, and numerous other Gomphas are all of tourist delight.Leh became the capital of Stod ( upper Ladakh) during the reign of King Graspa Bum-Lde, who ruled Ladakh from 1400 to 1430 AD. In the later period, leh became an important center for trade in Central Asia. Leh remained merely the headquarter of Ladakh district until 1974, when Ladakh was opened for foreign tourists. Since then Lh became the center for tourism related activities in the region.Places to see in Leh Tsemo Gompa:
The 'Red Gonpa' known as Tsemo Gonpa was built by King Graspa Bum-Lde in 1430 AD. The monument has three storey statue of Maitriya Buddha and a one Storey statue of Avalokitesvara and Manjushri.Tisuru Stupa:
consist of 108 temples, which was remarkable work done in the reign of king Graspa-Bum-Lde, located near Shanti Stupa.
The Namgyal Tsemo was build by the King Tashi Namgyal after the reunification of upper and lower Ladakh and victory over Hor (Central Asian invaders) and their bodies were placed under the image of Mahakala, the guardian deities to subdue the spirits of the deads and to prevent further invasion of Hor.
The Leh palace, known as ‘ Lechen Palkhar” was built by Singay Namgyal, around in the beginning of 17th Century AD. The nine-storey palace is now deserted, and Archeological Survey of India has taken up the renovation work.
Sankar Gonpa is a couple of kilometers away from Leh town. It belongs to Gelukspa school of Tibetan Buddhism. This small Gonpa is a branch of Spituk Monastery.
Shanti Stupa at Changspa, on the hilltop, was built by the Japanese for world peace, which was inaugurated by Dalai Lama in 1985.
Lakshadweep means ‘a hundred thousand islands’ in Malayalam, the local language. Ten Islands are inhabited. They are Agatti, Amini, Andrott, Bitra, Chetlat, Kadmat, Kalpeni, Kavaratti, Kiltan and Minicoy. Lakshadweep is basically leisure destination and Sea/Lagoon based.There are plenty of opportunities for Scuba diving, Yachting, Pedal boating, Kayaking, Canoeing, Swimming, Snorkeling and sunbathing.Kavaratti Island:
The administrative headquarter; Kavaratti is the most developed island. 52 mosques are spread out over the island including the most beautiful Ujra mosque. It has an ornately carved ceiling believed to be carved from a piece of driftwood. The Lagoon is ideal for water sports, swimming and there are sandy beaches for sun basking. Enjoy marine life exhibits at the Marine Aquarium, and a vast collection of specimens at the Museum. View the exotic underwater world without getting yourself wet, from the glass-bottomed boats.Kalpeni Island:
Kalpeni has the largest lagoon among Lakshadweep islands. The lagoon is relatively shallow and ideal for all kinds of water sports. A peculiar feature of Kalpeni atoll is the huge storm bank of coral debris along the eastern and southeastern shoreline. Kalpeni with the small islets Tilakkam, Pitti and the uninhabited Cheriyam with sparkling lagoon in between them are known for its scenic beauty. Watersports like Kayaks, SailBoats, Pedal Boats are available on hire.Minicoy Island:
Southern most island of the group, Minicoy, is geographically isolated from other islands. Perhaps due to this, the culture here is a mix of Maldivian and South Indian. Minicoy, often called Women’s Island for the dominating position enjoyed by ladies in the society has a culture distinct from other islands. The island has a rich tradition of performing arts. Lava dance, the most attractive among them, is performed on festive occasions. A visit to the tuna canning factory, the light house built by the British in 1885, and a long drive through dense coconut groves and winding village roads are part of the tour apart from the pleasures of one of the largest lagoons.Kadmat Island:
Kadmat is a haven of solitude with its fine lagoon of even depth, a long stretch of shoreline ideal for swimming and well secluded tourist huts. Apart from the shallow lagoon on the west that forms an ideal spot for water sports, there is also a narrow lagoon on the east. This is the only is island in the group which has lagoon on both the sides. Thick green coconut palm leaves form a natural canopy over the whole area protecting you from sunlight. Kadmat is the only island apart from Bangaram and Agatti where international tourists are allowed.
The island has the finest diving spots in India. Considering the potential for water sports, a full-fledged Water Sports Institute and a Dive School with well-trained instructors have been set up in the island.Agatti:
Get into one of the most beautiful lagoons from here. A virtual gateway to the islands, Agatti has the only airport in the island. Unlike other islands it is the only island where one can stay as long or as short as one wish- an advantage given by the Indian Airlines flight operated from Kochi. Uninhabited islands of Bangaram, Thinnakara, Parali-I and Parali-II are just a hop away. Land in these tiny islands and enjoy an exclusive day excursion.
Meghalaya literally the “Abode of Clouds” describes the climatic phenomenon that brings torrents of rain to its mountainous region. Situated in the North Eastern corner of India it’s a state of immense natural beauty with hills, rivers , waterfalls, lakes, gordges, pristine forest and unique living root bridges.Shillong:
The capital city of the State as well as the District headquarters of East Khasi Hills District. The name Shillong is derived from U-Shyllong, a powerful deity and is situated at an altitude of 1,491m above sea level. This beautiful city is 103kms. from Guwahati, the nearest air and train link. The presence of many well reputed educational institutions, many of them established by various missionary groups make Shillong the hub of education for the entire north-east.SMIT:
Just 17 Kms South of Shillong is the traditional seat of Khasi culture. The Nongkrem dance is performed in Smit during November. Close by in Nongkrem village there is one traditional house owned by the Lyngdoh, which is 100 years old.Barapani / Umiam Lake:
People known as Barapani, this is the biggest artificial lake in the State. Surrounded by sylvan hills and wrapped in the beauty of an assortment of green Khasi-pines and the azure blue skies is the majestic Umiam lake. The lake situated just 15 km from Shillong town.Sohra / Cherrapunjee:
Sohra, previously known as Cherrapunjee, a Sub-Division in the East Khasi Hills District of Meghalaya, is set upon a plateau on the southern slopes of the state. Sohra is dotted with waterfalls cascading over deep gorges. The swift flowing rivers and streams flow in a southerly direction to the plains. Sohra is 56 kms from Shillong and is literally the high point of any visit to Meghalaya. One of those ultimate eco-friendly destinations, a place renowned all over the world for having the privilege of receiving the highest rainfall in the world. Set against the backdrop of breath-taking landscape, it is a place to discover the Indian summer monsoons. An unique annual meteorological phenomena directly influenced by the south west monsoon and the north east winds. The heavy monsoon rains over these mountains undoubtedly creates in Sohra one of the rarest bio-diverse vegetations in the world. Truly a beautiful corner in north-east India, waiting to be discovered and explored.Mawsynram:
Mawsynram is a small village in the Khasi Hills of Meghalaya state in north-eastern India, 56 kilometres from Shillong. Reportedly the wettest place on Earth, Mawsynram receives an average annual rainfall of 11,872 mm (about 39 feet). However, as there has been no meteorological department office in the area and for all practical and statistical purposes, Cherrapunjee has been recorded as the wettest place in the world. Mawsynram is a place where nature-loving people frequently visit wherein they take pleasure in the steep, sliding slopes, the fresh air, the rolling green mountains and the deafening but beautiful waterfalls. In Mawsynram, there is a cave called the Mawjymbuin Cave which is one of the well known caves in Meghalaya. This cave, due to years of weathering and due to dripping of mineralized solutions and deposition of calcium carbonate, it has thus given rise to some magnificent stalagmites. These stalagmites are not only important and of great interest for geological research but also because of their exquisiteness. The stalagmite of the Mawjymbuin Cave is shaped into a massive Shivalinga. The cave also has a dome shaped rock with a flat top called the Symper Rock.
Orrisa is blessed with around 500 km long coastline with most beautiful beaches in the world. Chilika, Asia's largest brackish water lake, not only provides a haven for millions of birds, but is also one of the few places in India where one can view dolphins. The lush green forest cover Of Odisha plays host to a wide variety of flora and fauna, including the famed Royal Bengal Tiger. Amidst the picturesque hills and valleys nestle a number of breathtaking waterfalls and rivulets that attract visitors from all over.Shimipal:
Thick and green forests, extensive grassy lands and meadows, cloud kissing peaks, precipitous and sparkling waterfalls, meandering rivers, roaring tigers and trumpeting tuskers, fleeing deer and flying squirrels, talking myna and dancing peacocks et al make Similipal a dreamland of Nature in the wilderness and an irresistible destination.
Covering a vast are of 2750 sq. km out of which 303 sq. km from the core area, thick biosphere reserve is a sanctuary and one of the Tiger Projects and National parks of India. With wide range of rain falls and edaphic variations, range from dry deciduous to moist green forests, it is suitable to different species of flora and fauna. About 1076 species of mammals, 29 types of reptiles and 231 species of birds are the proud possession of this plateau.Chilka Lake:
Queen of natural beauty, Chilika, the largest brackish water lake in Asia covering an area of over 1,100 sq. km is a great attraction for the tourists for fishing, bird watching and boating. In winter Chilika aflutters with thousands of indigenous and migratory birds of many varieties from far and near - even from the distant Siberia. The fabulous beauty of Chilika which has inspired poets to sing its glory and which can be best enjoyed from Balugaon, Barkul, Rambha and Satpada must be seen to be believed. One can also have a glimpse of the lake from the moving trains and vehicles on the road near these places. The atmosphere is just serene and undisturbed amidst the blue expanse of water on one side and an evergreen range of hills on the other. Dotted with a host of islands with romantic names, a cruise in Chilika will be a life-long memory.Keonjhar:
Keonjhar, the district headquarters of the district of Keonjhar offers varieties of attractions to the tourists. It is the most convenient base from where visitors can plan their visit to various places of interest in the district.Places of tourist interest in Keonjhar:
Vishnu Temple, Jagannath Temple, and on its outskirts the shrines of Siddha Jagannath, Siddha Kali, and Panchabati amidst picturesque settings.Balasore:
Balasore, the headquarters of the district, was an important maritime town in medieval times through the river Budhabalanga. Some portions of the town were occupied by the French and the Dutch which were named as "Farasidinga" and "Dinamardinga". The ruins of the foreign possessions still exist. Balasore serves as the most convenient base for touring the various places of interest in the district. The Temple of Mahadev Baneswar is one of the main places of tourist interest in Balasore.Tourist destinations around Balasore are: Chandipur:
Situated 16 Kms away from Balasore town. The sea beach at Chandipur is surely one among the finest beaches of the country, but with a plus. Here the waters recede five kilometres offshore and proceed rhythmically after a regular interval everyday. The sand-dunes green with wild creepers and the casuarina whistling with the breeze create a fantastic moment for a visitor absorbed in observing the play of the tide. It is well connected by road from Balasore.
Sikkim is a land of dramatic contours. Rugged mountains, deep valleys and dense forests consort with raging rivers, lakes and waterfalls to create a visual feast. The state has the steepest rise in altitude over the shortest distance and has within its 7,096 sq. kms the entire climatic range, from tropical to temperate to alpine.
The mountain chains which run southwards from the main Himalayan range form the natural boundaries of Sikkim; the Chola range dividing it from Tibet in the Northeast and Bhutan in the Southeast, the Singalila range separating it from Nepal in the West with the Greater Himalayan range forming the barrier between Sikkim and Tibet in the North.
Located between these towering mountain ranges are passes like Nathu-la, Jelep-la, Cho-la and many others which were at one time important corridors of passage between Sikkim and Tibet.
Floating high over the cloud-covered lower Himalaya, Mt. Khangchendzonga dominates the landscape of Sikkim. At 28, 208 ft is the third highest mountain in the world and the highest in India.
Sikkim has two main rivers, the Teesta and the Rangeet, both of which are formed at high altitudes and flow in a generally southern direction till they converge at the confluence near Melli. The source of the Teesta is the pristine Cho Lhamu Lake in North Sikkim. From here the river travels downwards to meet Zemu Chu just above Lachen village and the Lhachung Chu at Chungthang. At Mangan, the river is joined by the Talung Chu as it continues its journey down, finally widening at Singtam to become double its width. Further down at Melli, the Teesta merges with the river Rangeet which is born of the Rathong glacier in West Sikkim before entering the plains of North Bengal and eventually joining Brahmaputra in Bangladesh.Flora:
The glory of Sikkim is its breathtaking array of flowers. Sikkims geographical positioning has gifted it a repository of over 5000 species of flowering plants. Forests of magnolia, blue poppies, primulas, gentians and geraniums create a spell-binding floral spectacle. Orchids, gladioli, poppies, azaleas and camellias add to the heady collection. Its great variety of rhododendron ranges from shrubs at ground level to towering specimens that set the terrain ablaze in a riot of colours.
The first study of the flora of Sikkim was undertaken by Sir Joseph Hooker, the noted English botanist. Hooker traveled to the interiors of Sikkim, including remote mountain regions in 1848-49. His expedition resulted in amazing new discovery of numerous plant and animal life in the area. He published the Rhododendrons of Sikkim in 1849 while his record of his travels in Sikkim published as Himalayan Journals is the most comprehensive guide to the botanical splendour of the region.
Hooker divided Sikkim into three botanical zones, the tropical from almost sea level height to around 5000 ft, the temperate from 5000 feet to 13000 feet, and the alpine from 13000 feet upwards.
The tropical vegetation, mostly along the banks and valleys of the rivers Tista, Rangit and their tributaries, consists mostly of figs, laurels, sal trees, ferns and a variety of bamboo. The temperate zone has oak, chestnut, maple, birch, alder, magnolia and silver fir, at the higher regions, while the lower alpine zone has juniper, cypresses and rhododendrons.
Sikkim has a rich heritage of different kinds of flowers. While these include poppies, gentians and primulas, the real treasures are the orchids and rhododendrons. Available in different colours and shapes they are found abundant in the region. Of the 5000 species of orchids known in the world, 600 can be found in the lower reaches of Sikkim alone, along with 30 species of rhododendron.
Quietly nestled in the lush greenery of hills, verdant valleys and transparent waterscape, Tripura, a land of plentiful myths and legends, beckon tourists from across the globe. This state, home to nineteen indigenous tribal groups, Bengali speaking non-tribals and a diversity of culture, resembles a tiny dot on the peninsular India's map dangling between Northeast India and Bangladesh. But the wealth of Tripura's traditional art, culture, history and archaeology, flora and fauna, biodiversity and flushing meadows always cast a magnetic spell on casual visitors and tourists. The state's rich handicrafts, traditional music, diversity of cultural streams and faiths, co-existing down the annals of history in pristine peace constitute its irresistible charm as a tourist destination. Any visitor or tourist in Tripura can trace the state's glorious history in its archaeological remains, cultural heritage, exquisite sculpture and architecture spread across its landscape and return, richer by a finer aesthetic sense and sensibility.
It is situated about 200 Km. away from Agartala and is the highest hill range in the state bordering Mizoram. This permanent seat of eternal spring is situated at an altitude of 3000’ above sea level. Jampui is famous for its charming landscape and bracing climate. The excellent climatic condition, green forests, beautiful orange garden, view of rising and setting sun are wonderful sights for tourists.Agartala:
Agartala the capital of Tripura is arguably one of the most diversely populated cities of India. Tripura has always been a home to various mix of tribes and all these tribal amalgamation has led to an influx of people representing their own clan. Agartala, with its verdant forest cover, near perfect green backdrop, great tourist sites and laid back attitude presents a sight of an ideal tourist destination. The rich and varied tribal culture thriving on the high mountains and vast and alluring green valleys adds its own charm to the attraction of the state.Tepania:
Tepania park situated in Tepania Gram Panchayet under Matabari R.D Block. In an area of 155 hectares inside radhakrishorepur reserve forest with charming ambience of natural beauty, Tepania has become a huge tourist attraction.Kamala Sagar:
A vast lake on the edge of the border with Bangladesh was excavated by Maharaja Dhanya Manikya in 15th century. On the river bank of kamalasagar, there is a famous temple of Goddess Kali dating back to 16th century. It is one of the excellent picnic spots in the state with scenic beauty.Rudra Sagar / Neermahal:
Rudrasagar lake, about 55 Km. away from Agartala near Melaghar with 5.3 Sq.Km. water area is another big attraction. In the centre of the lake the famous lake palace of Tripura namely "Neermahal" is built. Neermahal literally means Water Palace. The Palace is a picturesque fairy-tale royal mansion located in the middle of the Rudrasagar Lake which is 53 Km. south of agartala. Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore manikya built the palace in 1930 A.D. as his summer residence being inspired by Mughal Style of architecture. The lake witnesses a large number of migratory birds in every winter. Every year a boat race is organized in July/August. The visiting tourists can enjoy boating facility in the lake.
West Bengal is the only state of India which literally offers an Ocean to Sky travel experience within her own state territory.
Geography of West Bengal is diverse, consisting of high peaks of Himalaya in the northern extremes to coastal regions down south, with regions such as plateau and Ganges delta intervening in between. Alike the geographical variation the state s population too is a potpourri of different racial strains the predominant element being the proto-Australoid in varying proportions.
West Bengal is the land of Tagore , the base of art and culture.The forests are the haven for one horned rhinos,Royal Bengal tigers and endemic birds. Champagne of Tea –the famous Darjeeling tea is produced here.Kuresong:
Kurseong is a hill station (and sub-divisional town) situated in Darjeeling District of West Bengal, India. Located at an altitude of 1458 metres (4864 ft), Kurseong is just 30 km from Darjeeling. It has a pleasant climate throughout the year and the winters are not as severe as Darjeeling's.
The local name of Kurseong is "Kharsang" which in the Lepcha language means "". Kurseong is about 47 kms from Siliguri and is connected to the city by road and the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. The nearest airport is at Bagdogra. The Land of the White Orchids nearest major railway station is New Jalpaiguri (NJP) railway station, which is about 53 kilometres from Kurseong. The town is based mainly on schools and tourism. The best times to visit Kurseong are between March end and May and between the end of August and October.Kalimpong:
Kalimpong is a hill station in the Mahabharat Range (or Lesser Himalaya). It is located at an average elevation of 1,250 metres (4,101 ft). The town is the headquarters of the Kalimpong subdivision, a part of the District of Darjeeling. The Indian Army's 27 Mountain Division is also located on the outskirts of the town. Kalimpong is renowned for its educational institutions many of which date back to the British colonial period. It used to be a gateway for trade between Tibet and India prior to China's annexation of Tibet and the Sino-Indian War. Kalimpong and neighbouring Darjeeling were major centres calling for a separate Gorkhaland state in the 1980s.There has been a Rotary club in Kalimpong since 1993.
Kalimpong, located on a ridge overlooking the Teesta River, is a tourist destination owing to its temperate climate and proximity to popular tourist locations in the region. Horticulture is also important to Kalimpong: it has a flower market notable for its wide array of orchids. Nurseries, which export Himalayan grown flower bulbs, tubers and rhizomes, contribute to the economy of Kalimpong. Home to ethnic Nepalis, indigenous ethnic groups and non-native migrants from other parts of India, the town also is a religious centre of Buddhism. The Buddhist monastery Zang Dhok Palri Phodang holds a number of rare Tibetan Buddhist scriptures.Rimbik – Rishyap:
The place can be approached by a four-kilometer walk uphill from Lava (32 km from Kalimpong) through the deep silent forest of Pines, Rhododendrons and Orchids. Non-adventurers can take the 10-kilometer motor-able route from Lava. The enthralling views of the vast range of Kanchenjunga, the blue mountains of Sikkim, Nathu-La and Jelap-La passes are an experience of the lifetime.Lava – Lolegaon:
Lava is situated at an altitude of 7200 feet, it is famous for its proximity to the Neora Valley National Park and its beautiful view of the Jelep La and Rechi La passes. Lava is about 32 km east of Kalimpong. Oak and fir trees welcome the visitor at Lava. Lava is also known for its leaches. During the rainy season, vegetation around the place gets covered with leaches.
Uttarakhand is located in the northern part of India and in the very heart of the Himalaya .It is being defined as the land of the God, nature has bestowed its grace in form of abundance of natural beauty. Along with high Himalayan peaks like Nandadevi, Kamet, Changabang, Gangotri& Bhagirathi group of peaks, infinity number of glaciers glaciers, virgin forests, flowering meadows,the sacred and River Ganges, which is also the lifeline of the country, started her journey from Gaumukh, the snout point of Gangotri Glacier.
Uttarakhand is also the land of spiritualism, yoga and meditation.Garhwal: Haridwar:
It is said that when the Gods left their footprints on the land of Haridwar.Haridwar has always remained as a major Shaktipeeth for the devotees and regarded as a major pilgrimageofHindus.
Haridwar is one of the first towns where Ganga emerges from the mountains to touch the plains. And that's why the water is crystal clear and cool. Lush green forests and small ponds add to the scenic beauty of this holy land. The Rajaji National Park is just 10kms. fromHaridwar. It's an ideal destination for wildlife and advanture lovers. In the evening the ghats look breathtakingly I beautiful, as thousands of diyas and marigold flowers float and illuminate the Holy waters.Dehradun:
Nestled in the mountain ranges of the Himalaya, Dehradun in one the oldest cities of India. Also known as the ‘Abode of Drona’, Dehradun has always been an important center of the Garhwal rulers which was captured by the British. The headquarters of many National Institutes like ONGC, survey of India, I.I.P. etc are located in the city. Dehradun has a string of premier educational instituted like the forest Research Institute, Rashtriya Indian Military College and the Indian Military Academy. It is a favoured tourist destination as it attracts tourists, piligrims and enthusiasts from various walks of life to its serene environs. Add to this the abundance of special Basmati rice, tea and leechi gardens which contribute in turning the city into a paradise.Mussorie:
Popularly known as the Queen of Hills, this charming hill station, 34 kms from Dehradun is situated at an altitude of 2003 mts in the Garhwal hills. above sea-level. Mussoorie is one the beautiful hill stations in India and the most frequently visited. It provides excellent respite to people who want relief from the hot sultry conditions of the plains, especially since it is close enough to the capital to make just weekend trip. Also, major Hindu pilgrimage sites like Kedarnath, Badrinath, Gangotri, Yamunotri, Haridwar, Rishikesh are not far from this place.
In 1820, Captain Young of the British army was influenced by the beauty of this place and made it his residence. The name, Mussoorie is derived from plants of 'Mussoorie' which were found in abundance here. After its discovery, this hill station gradually developed as a centre of education, business, tourism and beauty.
Chilika , the largest brackish water lagoon with estuarine character, situated along the east coast of India in the state of Orissa. Chilika is spread over three district namely Puri, Khurda and Ganjam of costal Orissa. Chilika shelters some of the rare, vulnerable and endangered life-form listed in the IUCN Red List of threatened species. Chilika is not only home to numerous aquatic fish, plant and animals but also supports some of the largest congregation of migratory birds in the country. Due to its rich bio-diversity, Chilika was designated as a "Ramsar Site".
Chilika, second largest lagoon of the world covers an area of 1165 to 906 Sq. Km. during monsoon and summer respectively. Some of the islands in the lagoon are nesting site for various bird species. Such few islands are Krushnaprasad, Nalaban, Kalijai, Somolo, Honeymoon, Breakfast and Birds Island. The Nalaban Island covering an area of 15.53 Sq. Km. has also been declared as Bird Sanctuary in the year 1973 .52 river and rivulets pour freshwater into the lagoon and thus balance of fresh and salt water maintained, which is most important element for the survival of the species found in the lagoon area. A 32 km long, narrow channel connects the main lagoon to the Bay of Bengal.
Chilika is one of the the largest wintering ground for migratory birds in the country and a bio-diversity hotspot. Flocks of migratory birds arrive from Russia, Kirghiz steppes of Mongolia, Central and Southeast Asia to feed and bread in its fertile water. Chilika also famous for sheltering some of the endangered aquatic mammals swims in the eastern cost of India.Flora and Fauna
Total 710 species of plants identified from the water bodies, islands and shoreline of Chilika. This lagoon is very rich with aquatic plant life including Phytoplankton and algal communities. 5 species of sea grasses, Marine seaweeds, fishes and crabs are found in the brackish water of Chilika Lagoon.
Almost 260 species of fish have been recorded from the lagoon area including threatened species like Milk Fish (Seba Khainga), Indo-Pacific Tarpon ( Panialehio), Ten pounder (Nahama), Bream (Kala Khuanti) and Mullet (Kekenda). 28 species of prawns and 34 species of Crabs found here is the example of rich bio-diversity of the area. Presence of ample fish, shell fish and crab species supports a very unique marine life. More than 100 species of mammals recoded from the Chilika area. The Irrawaddy Dolphin is the flagship species of Chilika lagoon. This particular dolphin is only found in some restricted area of India. It is classified as Critically Endangered in the IUCN Red List. Bottlenose dolphins sometimes also migrate from the sea in to the lagoon.
About 205 species of birds have been recorded from the area with some of the rare and threatened species . Large flocks of Greater Flamingo arrive here every year for wintering. Other waders reside or migrate here includes Lesser Flamingos, Goliath Heron, Spoonbill, Purple Heron, Little ringed plover, Collared Pratincole, Ruff, Dunlin, Snipes, Avocets, Godwit etc. Some of the rare birds recorded from the area are Asiatic Dowitchers, Dalmatian Pelican, Spot-billed Pelican and rare migrant Spoon-billed Sandpiper. Compact flocks of Brahminy Duck, Shovellers, Northern Pintails, Gadwall, Mallard, Pochards and Lesser whistling Teal also seen around the lagoon. Chilika houses good number of raptor species which indicates the stable and flourishing eco-system of the area. Raptor found here includes Brahmini Kite, Osprey, White-bellied Sea Eagle, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, Marsh Harrier and Peregrine Falcon. In January 2008, a bird census involving wildlife officials counted 900,000 birds in Chilika Lagoon area, out of which 450,000 were sighted alone in Nalaban Island.
Dibru-Saikhowa national park, a bio-diversity hotspot, covering an area of 350 Sq. Km. is located on the South bank of Brahmaputra River in the eastern corner of Assam, India. Situated in the flood plains of Brahmaputra river, the park is heaven for some of the rare and endangered species of wildlife. The park is also distinct for it’s pristine scenic beauty. In 1997, Dibru-Saikhowa Biosphere Reserve was declared with and area of 765 Sq. Km. that included the 340 Sq. Km. of Sanctuary area as the core. In 1999, the 340 Sq. Km. of Sanctuary area was declared as National Park.
Landscape of the park is mostly dominated by swamp, canals and small rivers. This landscape has undergone radical transformation after the great earthquake of 1950.Flora and Fauna:
The park is dominated by grassland, while a part of the park is wetland. The combinations of swamp, semi-evergreen and deciduous forests and also the cane & bamboo brakes makes this Park a Bio-Diversity Hotspot.
36 species of mammals have so far been recorded in Dibru-Saikhowa National Park. Some of the notable species are Bengal Tiger, Asian Elephant, Leopard, Gangetic Dolphin, Slow Loris, Assamese Macague, Capped Langur, Hoolock Gibbon, Water Buffalo etc.
Dibru-Saikhowa is the only home to Feral Horses in India. Presently the park is having more than 70 feral horse. These horses were escaped from Army Camps during World War-II. These horses are third and forth generation of those tamed horses.
It is an important birding area of Eastern India having more than 382 species of Birds. Some of the key-species of the park are Greater Adjutant Stork, Greater Crested Grebe, Black necked Stork, Lesser white fronted Goose, Grey leg Goose, Grey-headed Fishing Eagle, Griffon Vulture, White Winged Wood Duck, Baer's Pochard, Greater Spotted Eagle, Pale Capped Pigeon, Marsh Babbler, Jerdon's Babbler, Black Breasted Parrot bill, Swamp Prinia etc.
Eagle Nest Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the West Kameng District of Arunachal Pradesh and covers an area of 217 sq km. Altitude of the sanctuary varies from 500 mtrs to 3250 mtrs and is the most exotic and largest closed-canopy forest of Arunachal Pradesh. This is a birding hotspot with over 450 species of listed birds. Eaglenest is notable as a prime birding site due to the extraordinary variety, numbers and accessibility of bird species here. Untouched lash green forest and snowcapped high peaks on the horizon also makes this place scenically most beautiful place in western Arunachal Pradesh.
Eaglenest derives its name from the Red Eagle Division of the Indian Army, which was posted in the area during 1950s.Flora and Fauna:
Eagle nest is not only embraced by rich biodiversity but also believed to be an obscured zone in eastern Himalaya even now.
Eaglenest shelters some of the rarest and exotic species of animal and birds found in India. In Eaglenest a new taxon of primate was discovered by noted primatologist of north-east India Dr Anwaruddin Choudhury in 1997 and later described as a new species, i.e., Arunachal Macaque.
Eagle nest is also the site where Bugun Liocichla was first discovered in 1995 and described as new bird specie. The highest elevation, 11000 ft. that the wild Asian elephants reach anywhere is also partly in this sanctuary.
Eaglenest is home to at least 15 species of Mammal including Bengal Tiger, Asian Elephant, Red Panda, Assamese Macaque, Arunachal Macaque, Himalayan Black Bear, Gaur etc.
But prime attractions of Eaglenest are its avifaunal species. More than 400 species of birds has been recorded in the sanctuary and adjacent areas. The sanctuary has the unique distinction of having three tragopan species i.e. Blyth’s Tragopan, Temminck’s Tragopan and Satyr Tragopan. Other noteworthy species recoded in Eaglenest are Hill Partridge, Chestnut-breasted Partridge, Grey Peacock Pheasant, Speckled Piculet, Bay Woodpecker, Darjeeling Woodpecker, Golden-throated Barbet, Rufous-necked Hornbill, Wreathed Hornbill, Banded Bay Cuckoo, Vernal Hanging Parrot, Tawny Fish Owl, Hodgson's Frogmouth, Mountain Imperial Pigeon, Ibisbill, Wood Snipe, Jerdon's Baza, Peregrine Falcon, Blue-napped Pitta, Silver-breasted Broadbill, Long-tailed Broadbill, Common Green Magpie, Maroon Oriole, Slaty-blue Flycatcher, Pygmy Blue Flycatcher, Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher, Indian Blue Robin, Orange-flanked Bush Robin, Golden Bush Robin, Purple Cochoa Cochoa, Green Cochoa, Beautiful Nuthatch, Wallcreeper, Goldcrest, Slaty-bellied Tesia , Grey-bellied Tesia, Blyth's Leaf Warbler, Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler, Blue-winged Laughingthrush, Pygmy Wren Babbler, Rufous-throated Wren Babbler, Silver-eared Mesia, Red-billed Leiothrix, Cutia, Blue-winged Minla, Chestnut-tailed Minla, Golden-breasted Fulvetta, Nepal Fulvetta, Beautiful Sibia, Scarlet Finch etc.
Eaglenest is home to some of the fascinating and rare reptiles and amphibians of the world. 34 Species of Amphibians and 24 species of snakes along with 7 species of lizard and 3 agamas found here. Abor Hills Agama was rediscovered here after 125 years. Its also houses 165 species of butterfly including Bhutan Glory, Grey Admiral, Dusky Layrinth, Tigerbrown, Jungle queen etc.
Gorumara National Park, the land of the Prehistoric Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros is located in the flood plains of Murti and Jaldhaka rivers of Dooars (rolling hill slopes) region within Jalpaiguri district in West Bengal. The dry deciduous forest land interspersed with grasslands, harbors one of largest diversity of mega fauna in West Bengal. This Reserve Forest since 1895 was declared as a National Park in 1994 for it’s great diversity of plants and animals. Garumara National Park comprising a total area of 79.99 sq.km. is one of the popular wildlife hotspot in West Bengal.
The riverine grassland and Savannah woodland occupy about 20% of the total plant cover of Gorumara National Park, which is the grazing ground of the wild herbivores. The Murti, Jaldhaka, and Indong rivers flow through the Park reflecting the Himalayan ranges in the North.Flora and Fauna:
Vegetation of Garumara National Park consist of Sal forests with Common Teak, Rain Tree (Shirish), Silk Cotton (Shimul) are the important name. Bamboo and Terai grassland vegetation are also dominated this small National Park. Gorumara is also home to numerous tropical orchids.
The park has recorded 50 species of mammals, 193 species of birds, 22 species of reptiles, 7 species of turtles and 27 species of fishes.
The Park is rich in large herbivores including Indian One-horned Rhinoceros, Gaur, Asian Elephant, Sloth bear, Chital, and Sambar Deer. Small herbivores include Barking deer, Hog deer and Wild boar are also common. There is a comparative lack of large carnivores, with the only big cat being the Leopard. It does have numerous small carnivores species including various civets, mongooses and small cats. Critically endangered Pygmy Hog and rare Hispid Hare has been reported from the park. Rodents like Malayan Giant Squirrel is common here.
The Park is a very good place for bird-watching with its rich bio-diversity reflected in its wonderful avi-faunal species like Scarlet Minivet, Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Spangled Drongo, Great Indian Hornbill, Oriental Pied Hornbill and numerous woodpeckers. Peafowls are also very common here. The park is on the flyway of numerous migratory birds.
The park is home to a large number of snakes, venomous and non-venomous, including the Indian Python and King Cobra - the world's largest venomous snake.
Jaldapara Wild Life Sanctuary situated at the foothills of Eastern Himalayas of Jalpaiguri district in West Bengal was constituted in the year of 1943 for the protection of wild life, particularly single horned Rhinos. River Torsha runs through this sanctuary which is mostly covered with tall grasses. Total area of Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary is 141 Sq. Km.Flora and Fauna:
The forest is mainly savannah covered with tall elephant grasses.
The main attraction of the sanctuary is Asiatic one-horned rhinoceros. The sanctuary holds the maximum number of rhinos population in India after Kaziranga National Park. In addition to Rhinoceros Asian elephant, Hog deer, Barking deer, Sambar deer, wild Boar and Gaur are the other attraction of this sanctuary.
Jaldapara is a hotspot for bird watchers. It is one of the very few places in India, where the Bengal Florican is sighted. The other birds to be found here are the Crested Serpent Eagle, Pallas's Fishing Eagle and shikra, peafowl, patridges and Oriental Pied Hornbill. Python, monitor lizards, kraits, cobras, geckos and about 8 species of fresh water turtles have also found here.
Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve is located in the heart of Assam, on the southern Bank of mighty Brahmaputra river. This park is one of the last areas for wildlife in eastern India undisturbed by a human presence. It is inhabited by the world's largest population of one-horned rhinoceroses.
The history of the park traced back to 1904, when Mary Victoria Leiter Curzon, the wife of the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon, visited the area. After failing to see a single Rhinoceros, for which the area was renowned, she persuaded her husband to take urgent measures to protect the dwindling species which he did by initiating planning for their protection. On 1 June 1905, the Kaziranga Proposed Reserve Forest was created with an area of 232 Sq. Km. and now total area of this National Park is 430 Sq. Km. This Park is declared as National park in the year 1968 and UNESCO declared it as World Heritage Site in 1985.
Kaziranga is one of the great story of wildlife conservation success in India. The park lies in the flood plains of the Brahmaputra River at the foot of the Mikir Hills. The riverine habitat consists primarily of dense, tall grassland dotted with open forests, web of streams and numerous small lakes (bheels ). Most of the area of the park is submerged annually by the flood waters of the Brahmaputra.
Located on the edge of the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot, the park combines high species diversity and visibility. Kaziranga is recognized as an Important Bird Area by Birdlife International for conservation of avifaunal species.Flora and Fauna:
There is a difference in altitude between the eastern and western areas of the park, with the western side being at a lower altitude. The western reaches of the park are dominated by grasslands. Tall elephant grass is found on higher ground, while short grasses cover the lower grounds surrounding the beels or flood-created ponds. Annual flooding, grazing by herbivores, and controlled burning maintain and fertilize the grasslands and reeds. Common tall grasses are sugarcanes, spear grass, elephant grass, and the common reed. Other vegetation types found in Kaziranga are Savanna Woodland, tropical moist mixed deciduous forests, and tropical semi-evergreen forests.
There are many different aquatic floras in the lakes and ponds, and along the river shores.
Kaziranga contains significant breeding populations of 35 mammalian species, of which 15 are threatened as per the IUCN Red List. The park has the distinction of being home to the world's largest population of the Great Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros (1,855). Along with Wild Asiatic Water Buffalo and Eastern Swamp Deer park also contains significant populations of other large herbivores include Asian Elephants, Gaur, Sambar and small herbivores include the Indian Muntjac and hog deer. Kaziranga has the largest population of the Wild water buffalo, about 57% of the world population.
Carnivores like Bengal Tiger and leopard also roam around the park. Kaziranga was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006 and has the highest density of tigers in the world having 1 tiger per 5 Sq. Km, with a population of 86 as per the 2000 census. Small carnivores found in this park includes Jungle Cat, Fishing Cat, and Leopard Cats.
Manas is just like a heaven on the Earth. Its wild treasures are plentiful. From the untouched hilly terrain of northern region to pristine rainforest to vast grasslands and riverine landscapes, almost all types of forest kinds are present here . From the faunal point of view, Manas contains some of the world’s most endangered birds , reptiles, and mammals.
Manas National Park is situated on the foothills of the Himalayas in the state of Assam and a part of it extends to Bhutan. Manas and five other small rivers flow through the National Park which lies on a wide low-lying alluvial terrace below the foothills of the outer Himalaya. Area of this national park including buffer area is 2840 Sq. Km. and it was designated a World Heritage site in December 1985.Flora and Fauna:
Other than Alluvial Grass land, which covers 50% of the park, Semi evergreen forest and Moist & dry deciduous forest also make this park a great habitat for wildlife. A total of 543 plants species have been recorded from the National Park.
Lots of fauna which are enlisted in the IUCN’s red data book can be found in the Manas. Around 70 tigers are roaming in the jungles of Manas. Other important mammal species out of 55 species found in this National Park are Leopard , Clouded leopard, Golden Langur, Black Capped Langur, Assamese Macaques, Slow Loris, Hispid Hare, Mouse Deer, Great Indian one horned Rhinoceros, Asian Elephant, Water Buffalo, Pigmy Hog, Himalayan Black Beer etc.
50 species of reptiles including endangered Assam Roofed Turtle found here. Manas is a birders’ paradise - more than 450 species of birds are recorded here. Manas is one of the few places on this earth where you can find endangered Bengal Florican. We can see 4 types of hornbills here including Wreathed and Rufous-necked Hornbill. Prey bird population is higher than many other national parks and sanctuaries. Some of the prize species to look for in this National Park are Swamp Francolin, Greater Adjutant, Black-tailed Crake, Marsh and Jerdon's Babblers, Pied Harrier, Rufous-rumped and Bristled Grassbirds, Red-headed Trogon, Hodgson's Bushchat, Rufous-vented Laughingthrush, Finn's Weaver, Ibisbill etc.
Namdapha, a Tiger Reserve and National Park, a true wilderness and enchanting beauty of lush green mountain slopes, impenetrable pristine and virgin forests covered an area of 1985.23 sq km lies in the international border between India and Myanmar (Burma) within Changlang District in the state of Arunachal Pradesh in the northeast India.
This tropical rain forest is located amidst misty blue hills along the turbulent Noa-Dihing river. The park is located between the Dapha bum range and the Patkai range of eastern Himalayas. Altitude of Namdapha varies from 200 m to 4571 m. Increase of altitude and habitat change with it, made Namdapha a biodiversity hotspot. The untouched forests possess great biodiversity of Flora and Fauna. An intense study of its species and genetic variation has not yet been thoroughly done. Namdapha is Botanist's dream and it may take as long as 50 years to complete a comprehensive survey of its botanical resources. This typical habitat shelters some of the rarest and endemic animal, bird or plant species of the world.
One can only drive up to Deban from Miao, the entry point of Namdapha. This 26 km stretch of forest road followed by several streams, falls, and narrow gorges will bring you to Deban; a tiny hamlet nestled between the gentle folds of the Patkai range of Himalayas.
But most of the area of this National park is accessible only by foot. This inaccessibility along with diverse habitat grooms some of the exotic life form on the planet and make Namdapha heaven for Nature and wildlife lovers.Flora and Fauna
Namdapha is any Botanist's dream and its altitude variation causes different kind of vegetation type. The vegetation changes with increasing altitude from sub-tropical broadleaved forests to subtropical pine forests, temperate broadleaved forests and at the higher elevations, to alpine meadows. The park has extensive bamboo groove and secondary forests in addition to the primary forests. There are more than 150 species of timber found in Namdapha. The species like Pinus merkusi and Abies delavavi are not found elsewhere in India. Not only that, one of the rarest and endangered orchid, the Blue Vanda found here. The most famous local medicinal plant Mishimi Teeta (Copti teeta), which is used by the local tribal for all kinds of diseases is available here but its export has been banned.
The diverse vegetations and habitats of Namdapha groom diverse species of animals and birds. This is the only National Park in the world to have the four Feline species of big cat namely the Tiger (Panthera Tigris), Leopard (Panthera Pardus), Snow Leopard (Panthera Uncia) and Clouded Leopard (Neofelis Nebulosa). Number of other lesser cats like Marbled Cat, Asiatic Golden Cat, Fishing Cat also has been recorded from Namdapha.
Other large predators like Dholes (wild dog), wolves, Himalayan Black Bear and small carnivores like red fox, yellow-throated marten, Eurasian Otter, Oriental small-clawed Otter, Binturang, Common Palm civet, Small India civet, Masked Palm civets are also present there in Namdapha National Park. The park is also home to some of the exotic and endangered Primate species. Those are Assamese macaque, Pig-tailed macaque, Stump-tailed macaque, Rhesus macaque, Capped Langur and Slow Loris. Highly endangered and only 'ape' species of India Hoolock Gibbons dwells in this impenetrable virgin forest and can be spotted easily. Beautiful Red Giant flying Squirrel is another attraction near canopy line of Namdapha. Large herbivores of the Namdapha are represented by Musk Deer, Indian Muntjac, Hog Deer, Sambhar Deer, Gaur, Ghoral, Serow, Takin, Bharal and biggest of them Asian Elephant.
Situated in the District of Sonitpur, Assam is a must visit destination for every wildlife lovers and bird watchers. This 200 Sq. Km. National Park is the continuation of The Pakhui (Pakke) Sanctuary of Arunachal Pradesh. Pakke borders the Northern boundary of the Park. Being located on the foothills of Eastern Himalaya, the park contains some of the remarkable landscapes of all the National Park of Assam. In any clear day you can enjoy the great grasslands, semi evergreen forests and snowcapped peaks together from the bank of river Jiabhorelli.
The area is criss-crossed by the river Jiabhoreli and its tributaries namely the Diji, Dinai, Doigurung, Nameri, Dikorai, Kharietc. These rivers are the lifeline of the Nameri. A few jheels (during the rainy seasons) also dot the area. But the river Jiabhoreli and the tributaries display devilish look during monsoon, when these rivers swells due to heavy rain in upper reaches of the park and Arunachal hills, thus destruct the grassland and forest of the park.
The in-accessibility of the park and continuity with neighboring forest areas has helped the wildlife of Nameri to flourish.
River Jiabhorelli is also famous for its Golden Mahseer. Notable number of Golden Mahseer due to protection and Mahseer conservation programme attracts thousands of people every year from every corner of the world for sports angling.Flora and Fauna:
The habitat of Nameri is made up of tropical evergreen, Semi-evergreen, moist deciduous forests with cane and bamboo brakes and narrow strips of open grassland along rivers. Grassland comprise of less than 10% of the total area of the park while the semi-evergreen and moist deciduous species dominate the area. Some notable species are Gamari, Titachopa, Amari, Bogipoma, Ajar, Urium poma, Bhelou, Agaru, Rudraksha, Bonjolokia, Hatipolia akhakan, ahollock, Nahor, Siya Nahar, Simul, Bonsum etc. Orchoids found in this park include Dendrobium, Cymbidium, Ladies Sleeper etc. Tree Fern, Lianas, creepers are some of the specialties of this forests.
Nameri is not only a tiger reserve but also a Elephant country with more than 250 Elephant trumpeting the area. As per 2002 census Nameri is the home of 26 Tigers. More than 30 species of mammals found in this park including Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Dhole (Asiatic Wild Dog), Sloth Bear, Himalayan Black Bear, Hispid Hare, Capped Langur, Slow Loris, Assamese Macaque, Himalayan yellow Throated Martin, Malayan giant Squirrel, Flying Squirrel etc.
Nameri is very popular among bird lovers. Till now more than 300 bird species have been recorded in the Park. The most prized and significant finding is the White Winged Wood Duck which has a flourishing population in Nameri confirmed officially in 1995. Other prime species noted hare are Wreathed Hornbill, Rufous Necked Hornbill, Black Stork, Ibis Bill, Common Merganser, King Vulture, Long Billed Ring Plover, Blue-bearded bee eater etc.
Nameri also shelters some of the exotic reptiles found in India including King cobra, Russels Viper, Banded Krait, Rock Python, Assam Roof Turtle, Malayan Box Turtle, Asian Leaf Turtle, Narrow Headed soft Shelled Turtle, Indian soft Shelled Turtle etc.
The Neora Valley National Park, a compact patch of virgin forest, is a unique area of rich bio-diversity. This park spread over 88 Sq. Km, is one of the last remaining pristine ecosystems of the Eastern Himalayas with its amazing Bio-diversity, and is home to many rare and endangered plants, animals and birds. It exhibits a rich variety of habitat as the area comprises the catchment and watershed of the Neora River with its tributaries. Neora Valley National Park lies in the civil district of Darjeeling, West Bengal. It is contiguous with Sikkim and Bhutan at its northern and north-eastern boundaries respectively. The southern boundaries of the park are adjoining to Jalpaiguri district. The altitude varies from 183 m to 3200 m, the highest point being near Sikkim border in the North.
It was declared as a National Park finally in 1992. The land of the cute Red Panda in its pristine undisturbed natural habitat with rugged inaccessible hilly terrain and rich diverse flora and fauna together make the Park an important wilderness zone.
The forest in Neora Valley has such luxurious growth that even sunlight finds it difficult to touch the ground. Inaccessibility of the National Park made it an adventurous place for the nature lovers/ trekkers. Untouched impenetrable forests, dense bamboo groves, colourful canopy of Rhododendrons, Ruby green valley, swirling rivers and streams with snowcapped mountains in the backdrop make the landscape unforgettable.Flora and Fauna:
Neora Valley National park is a unique ecosystem where tropical, sub-tropical, sub-temperate, and temperate forests together created the ideal sanctuary for some of the rarest animal and bird species of the world. Since the park altitude varies a great extent from south to north, it helps to sustain the forest like rhododendron, bamboo, oak, ferns, sal, etc. The park is also famous for numerous species of orchids. Some of the Orchids recorded in the Neora Valley National Park, belong to the genus Bulbophyllum, Cymbidium, Celogyne, Dendrobium, Eira, Gastrochilus and Pleione.
Significance of Neora Valley National Park in the international context lies in the fact that it provides shelter and protection to various species of Wildlife included in the Red Data Book (R.D.B.) of IUCN . The Park harbors more than 31 species of mammals, which include the ever elusive Red Panda and Clouded Leopard. Other prime mammal species found in this park are Wild Dog, Himalayan Black Bear, Leopard, Leopard Cat, 5 species of Civet, Wild Boar, Barking Deer, Sambar, Himalayan Thar, Serow and Ghoral. The park is also home to the endangered Royal Bengal Tiger. The dense nature of the forest bars the easy sighting of animals.
Neora Valley National Park is extra ordinarily rich in avi-fauna. Due to its change in altitude at places, various species of birds make the park a paradise for bird watchers. Lava, northern entry point of the Neora Valley National Park is birders' paradise.
Singalila National Park is located on the The Singalila Ridge of lower Eastern Himalaya, which runs roughly North to South and separates Himalayan West Bengal from the other Eastern Himalayan ranges to the west of it. The two highest peaks of West Bengal, Sandakphu (3630 m) and Phalut (3600 m), are located on the ridge and inside the park. River Rammam and River Srikhola flow through the park.
The park was declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1986, and was declared as National Park in the year 1992. The region had long been used as the trekking route from Manebhanjang to Sandakphu (the highest peak of West Bengal) and Phalut.
Singalila National Park played a significant role in the history of Indian wildlife conservation. Even though the national park has a resident Red Panda population of only about 20-25 members, Project Red Panda (funded by the Central Zoo Authority) chose Singalila National Park for reintroduction of Red Pandas from its captive breeding program at the Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park in Darjeeling, mainly due to reasons of proximity. Two females, Sweety and Milli, were released in November 2004. Milli was killed by a leopard, but Sweety adapted to the wild and gave birth to an offspring - the first such successful re-entry for Red Panda.Flora and Fauna:
The national park covers with Himalayan subtropical pine forests. Thick bamboo, oak, magnolia and rhododendron forest between 2000 and 3600 m also cover the Singalila Ridge. There are two seasons of wildflower bloom in this area - one in spring (March-April) when the Rhododendrons bloom, and another in the post-monsoon season (around October), when the lower forests bloom with Primula, Geranium, Saxifraga, Bistort, Senecio, Cotoneaster and numerous rare orchids. Sandakphu is known as the "mountain of poisonous plants" due to the large concentration of Himalayan Cobra Lilies (Arisaema) which grow here.
Main carnivores species includes Leopard and clouded Leopard. Small carnivores like Leopard Cat is also found here. But Prime attraction of this National park is Red Panda. Other than Red Panda the park has a number of other small mammals including the Himalayan Black Bear, Barking Deer, Serow, Takin, Wild Boar, Yellow-throated Marten and Pangolin.
The park is a birder's delight with over 250 species recorded including many rare and exotic species like Blood Pheasant, Satyr Tragopan, Darjeeling Woodpecker, Eurasian Sparrow hawk, Golden Eagle, Amur Falcon, Maroon Oriole, Rusty-bellied Shortwing, Golden Bush Robin, Mrs. Gould's Sunbird, Brown and Fulvous Parrotbills, Rufous-vented Tit, and Old World babblers like the Fire-tailed Myzornis and the Golden-breasted Fulvetta. The park is also on the flyway of many migratory birds.
The endangered Himalayan Newt frequents the region, and congregates around the lakes of Jore Pokhri and Sukhiapokhri and nearby lakes to reproduce.
Sundarban, the largest delta in the world, consists of 10,200 sq km of Mangrove Forest , spread over India (4200 sq km of Reserved Forest ) and Bangladesh (6000 sq km approx of Reserved Forest ) and is also the largest Mangrove Forest in the world. Indian Part of Sundarban is located in southern part of the West Bengal state. Sundarban has extremely rich diversity of aquatic and terrestrial flora and fauna. Sundarban's highly productive ecosystem acts as a natural fish nursery for Bay-of Bengal.
Since it is located on a very high cyclonic zone, Sundarban Mangrove reduces the fury of cyclonic storm and prevents erosion due to tidal action.
Sundarban National Park , forming the core area of Sundarban Tiger Reserve, received recognition as World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987. It has been nominated by GOI for recognition as Ramsar Site (a wetland of international importance).
Geologically, the Sundarban delta is the largest pro-grading delta on the globe. The region is covered solely by quaternary sediments carried and deposited by the rivers Ganges , Matla & Bidyadhari.
According to Hunter's Statistical Account of Sundarban, written in 1878, "Tigers, Leopards, Rhinoceros, Wild Buffaloes, Wild Hogs, Wild Cats, Barasinga, Spotted Deer, Hog Deer, Barking Deer, and Monkeys are the principal varieties of wild animals found in Sundarbans". However, over the last 200 years or so, due to habitat degradation and ecological changes, the faunal compositions in Indian Sundarbans have undergone changes. Some of these animals in Sundarbans became extinct during the last two centuries like Javan Rhino, Wild buffalo, Swamp deer and Barking deer.
Sundarban mangrove forest is the single largest home of the Royal Bengal Tiger ( Panthera tigris ) and the only mangrove forest in the world having the tiger as its indigenous population.Flora and Fauna:
The entire mangrove forest extends over an area of 4,262 sq.km, of which 2,320 sq.km is forest and the rest is water and is called Sundarban owing to the dominance of the tree species Heritiera fomes, locally known as 'Sundari' because of its elegance. This marsh vegetation consists of elements of the Malayan Peninsular and Polynesian regions, together with some Indo-Chinese, Ethiopian and a few of the New World. It is not found elsewhere except in a small part of the Mahanadi and Godaveri deltas to the south-west and the Bay Islands. The Sundarbans has been classified as moist tropical seral forest, comprising beach forest and tidal forests.
The Rann of Kutch, one of the geographical wonder of India is located in the coastal Kutch district of Gujarat state in India. The Rann is one of the most remarkable and unique landscapes of its kind in the entire world. It is a vast, dry and unbroken bare mudflat of dark silt, encrusted with salts, but after the rain this rugged landscape transforms into a spectacular coastal wetland, which support the unique animal and birdlife of that region. The geomorphic facts of the Rann reveal that, once the area was a shallow continuation of Arabian Sea. Later due to geological changes the connection between the shallows and Arabian Sea vanished and a shallow lake formed. Later river like Ghaggar, which was feeding fresh water to the shallow, disconnected. Slowly the shallow dried off and this enormous desert like landmass was formed. Total area of Rann is divided in two part Little Rann of Kutch and Greater Rann of Kutch.Little Rann of Kutch
The Little Rann can be considered a large ecotone, a transitional area between marine and terrestrial ecosystems. During the monsoon, desert like Rann gets flooded for couple of month and transformed into vast wetland, where about 74 Island like elevated plateaus are only visible. These elevated plateaus are locally called ‘bets’ and largest of them is ‘Pung Bet’ with an area of 30.5 Sq. Km.
Little Rann has got fascinating landscape and rich bio-diversity. Within Little Rann an area of 4954 Sq Km is declared as The Wild Ass Sanctuary. The Sanctuary is named after a sub species of Indian Wild Ass (Equus hemionus khur), the last population of its kind in the world. The sanctuary also provides an important feeding, breeding and roosting habitat for a large number of birds due to its strategic location on bird migration route and the proximity of Gulf of Kutch. According to a survey about 70,000-75,000 birds nests every year in an area spread over 250 acres.
Little Rann provides a unique space to venture for jeep or camel safari in search of Wild Ass and some very rare and highly endangered bird species with superb view of sunrise or sunset.Flora and Fauna:
This unique mudflat of the sanctuary has no vegetation, except on the fringes and highlands (bets). Vegetation is largely xerophytic with the ground cover predominated by ephemerals. Here growth of the vegetation is totally depends on monsoon rain. Though all the bets and fringe areas are colonised by Prosopis juliflora but the bets have more floral diversity than fringes. Total 253 species of flowering plants recorded from the area including 18 trees and 37 grass species. Due to typical saline character, Little Rann support a variety of indigenous plants like Suaeda spp., Salvadora persica, Capparis decidua, Capparis deciduas, Calotropis procera, Tamarix sp., Aeluropus lagopoides, Cressa cretica, Sporobolus spp etc. 107 species of algae are also present in the water bodies of the Little Rann area.
Bandhavgarh, the legendary jungle for its famous tigers, mythological storiesand archeological importance .located in the North-eastern corner of Madhyapradesh in the Umaria-Shahdol district, Bandhavgarh is the the dream destination for tiger lovers .The habitat comprises of tropical mixed deciduous forest dominated by Sal tree, marshy meadows, fresh water lakes, gurgling streams and surrounded by Satpura hills. Almost 20 streams run through the park and merged into river Son, one of the tributary of river Ganges.
Bandhavgarh is dotted by caves, temples and historical structures. Bandhavgarh fort with the 65 ft horizontally laid idol of lord Vishnu on the seven hooded serpent is the most famous historical sculptor in the area.These man made caves, temples and fort makes an ideal refuge for the tigers of Bandhavgarh.
Bandhavgarh, a small park with an area of 448 sq. km was declared as National Park in the year 1968. The history of Bandhavgarh dates back a long way. Survey on the caves and rock paintings revealed that history of the area may even date back to before Christ period. Later Bharihas, Vakataks, Sengars and Kalchuris ruled the region. Ultimately Baghels take possession of the area during 13th century and made Bandhavgarh their capital. Almost 2000 years old Bandhavgarh fort was the centre of their dynasty till 1617, then they shifted their capital to Rewa and the area around Bandhavgarh fort flourished with rich wildlife, and it became the Hunting Reserve of Maharajas of Rewa .It is said that Rajah Gulab Singh Baghel ended up bringing down 83 tigers during one single year.Bandhavgarh is the heaven for growling tigers where individual tigers are known by their famous names. Charger, a tiger so named because of his habit of charging at elephants and tourists and a female tigress called Sita was among them. The descendent of Charger and Sita along with other tigers rules the jungle of Bandhavgarh at present.Flora and Fauna:
Bandhavgarh has rich floral diversity due to the landform and moist character of the region. Flora of Bandhavgarh consists of Moist Peninsular Sal Forest, Southern tropical Moist Mixed Deciduous Forest and Southern Tropical Dry Mixed Deciduous Forest along with occasional grassland and the meadows. More than 600 species of flowering plant and 50 species of aquatic plant has been identified in the park. Some of the tree species grows here are Mahua, Palash, Bija, Bahera, Shimul, Pepal, Tendu, Arjun and most dominating tree Sal.
Bandhavgarh is the tiger land and at present 46 tigers resides in this forest. Strong conservation measures has taken to protect these tigers. Leopard is the other big carnivores species found in Bandhavgarh. Other small carnivores species are wild dog or Dhole, Wolf, Indian Fox, Jungle Cat,Wild bore, Caracal, Leopard Cat, Striped Hyena and jackal. Small Indian Civet, three types of Mongoose, Indian Pangolin and Indian Hare are other small mammalians recorded .. Members of herbivores species like Chital or Spotted Deer, Sambar, Barking deer or Muntjac, Chausinga or Four-horned Antelope, Nilgai or Blue bull, Indian Gazel or chinkara makes the main prey base and frequently seen grazing around the grassland and swamps.
Kanha, one of the inspirations to Rudyard Kipling for his famous novel "Jungle Book" is located in Mandla and Balaghat district of Madhyapradesh. This National Park on Satpura range has got some of the greatest landscapes as its treasure. In the year 1955 Kanha declared as National Park with a stretch of 940 Sq. Km. of natural forest and later also declared a Tiger Reserve. Lowland and highland dry forest, meadows with vast grassland and unique wildlife makes Kanha one the most popular wildlife destinations in central India.
Most distinctive feature of Kanha is its meadows, lush sal forests, hills, meandering streams and open grassland . Kanha is one of the most important tiger haven in centrail India,but the landmark achievement of this park is the preservation of the rare Hard-ground Swamp Deer (Barasingha), saving it from near extinction.Flora and Fauna:
More than 200 species of plants has been recorded in Kanha National Park. There is two types of forest in Kanha - The lowland and The Highland Forest. The lowland forest is a mixture of mainly Saland other mixed trees, interspersed with meadows. The highland forests are tropical moist dry deciduous type forest with completely different nature. Bamboos are also common on the slopes of highland forest. Main species of trees found here are Lendia, Dhawa, Tendu, Palas, Bija, Mahua, Aonla, Achar etc.There are many species of grass recorded at Kanha, some of them are very important for the survival of Barasingha (Hard ground Swamp Deer). Climbers, shrubs and herbs flourished abundantly in the dense forested zones with thick canopy cover.
Kanha means tigers and more than 100 tiger harbour the forest and grassland of this magnificent National Park. Though Tiger is the main predator species of this park but other carnivores are also exist in good numbers and played a significant role for maintaining the balance of eco-system. Big cat like Leopard, Wild Dog and Jackal are common in Kanha. Small mammals like Civet, Porcupine, Honey badger and hares can be seen here. Apart from Barasingha other herbivores species like Indian Gaur, Spotted Deer, Sambar, Barking Deer, Chousingha, Nilgai along with Wild Boar and Sloth Bear are confronted frequently. Recently mouse deer has been also discovered here.There are record of Indian Wolf. Indian Langur and Rhesus Macaque are the major primate species here.
Approximately 300 species of birds has been recorded in Kanha. Notable species of birds found here are Black Francolin, Painted Francolin, Red Spurfowl, Comb Duck, Heart-spotted Woodpecker, Blue-bearded Bee-eater, Pied Cuckoo, Rock Eagle Owl, Brown Fish Owl, Short-eared Owl, Savanna Nightjar, Lesser Florican, Sarus Crane, Baillon’s Crake, Greater Painted-snipe, Egyptian Vulture, Red-headed Vulture, Eurasian Marsh Harrier, Pallid Harrier, Bonelli’s Eagle, Laggar Falcon, Peregrine Falcon, Woolly-necked Stork, Indian Pitta, Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike, White-browed Fantail, Greater Racket-tailed Drongo, Blue Rock Thrush, White-throated Thrush, Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher, Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher, Velvet-fronted Nuthatch, Red Avadavat, Crested Bunting and many more.
Tadoba Andhari National park is very rich in bio diversity and located in the Chandrapur District of Maharashtra . Tadoba was declared a National Park in the year 1955 and Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary was declared as a protected area in 1986. In the year 1995, both the park and wildlife sanctuary were merged to establish the 623 Sq. Km. Tadoba-Andheri National Park and Tiger Reserve.
Tadoba derived its name from the tribal godess “Tadoba”, and Andheri river flows through the park. Thickly forested hills from the northern and western part slowly rolled down to south. A huge lake on the southern periphery acts as a buffer between theforest and the extensive farmlands on the southern fringe area.. Combination of river,forest,hills, streams and fresh water lake make Tadoba-Andheri a haven for some of the rare and endangered species.
Pristine thick forest cover with difficult hilly tract hosts some of the unique and endangered faunal species of Indian subcontinent. Tigers are the main attraction of this unique eco-system Rich bio-diversity and undulating forest make this park a hotspot for nature and wildlife lovers.Flora and Fauna:
Tadoba Andheri National Park and Tiger Reserve mainly consist of Tropical Dry Deciduous forest. Main floral species found in this park are Teak, Ain, Bija, Dhauda, Haldu, Salai, Semal, Tendu and Bamboo. Tadoba attracts wildlife lovers from every corner of the globe mainly for its tiger population. More than 40 roaring tigers placed Tadoba on a firm position in India’s tiger map. Other than tiger, carnivores species present in the park are Leopard, Stripped Hyena, Jungle Cat, Rusty Spotted Cat, Desert Cat, Jackal, Indian Fox, Wild Dog etc. Small mammalians like Small Indian Civet, Common Palm Civet, Mongooses, Honey Badgers, Indian Porcupine dominates the forest floor. Though good number of Sloth Bear are present in the park but seen occasionally inside park area. Pangolin is another illusive mammal present in the area. Species like Indian Flying Fox, Fulvous Fruit Bat, Black-bearded Tomb Bat, Short-nosed Fruit Bat, Greater False Vampire, Hodgson's Bat also signify the bio-diversity of Tadoba-Andhari Reserve. The area is a popular place to watch Indian Giant Flying Squirrel. Herbivores species dominates this park area are Indian Gaur, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Indian Muntjac or Barking deer, Four-horned Antelope or Chowsinga, Blue Bull or Nilgai, Indian Gazelle,. Indian Hare is also found in the grassland area of the park. The Tadoba lake shelters endangered Marsh Crocodile. Once this crocodile was found in entire Maharashtra but now it is loosing its ground due to habitat lose.
Tadoba is also an ornithologist's paradise with a varied diversity of aquatic birdlife, and Raptors. In Tadoba more than 300 species of avi-faunal species has been recorded. Some of the notable bird species are Painted Francolin, Grey Francolin, Red Spurfowl, Painted Spurfowl, Red-crested Pochard, Common Pochard, Indian Grey Hornbill, Common Hawk Cuckoo, Sirkeer Malkoha, Plum-headed Parakeet, Blossom-headed Parakeet, Collared Scops Owl, Jungle Owlet, Pintail Snipe, Marsh Sandpiper, Grey-headed Fish Eagle, White-eyed Buzzard, Booted Eagle, Grey Heron, Purple Heron, Glossy Ibis, Wooly-necked Stork, Black Stork, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Eurasian Golden Oriole, Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo, Puff Throated Babbler, Singing Bushlark etc.
Corbett National Park is located in between the Himalaya and terai in the state of Uttarakhand in northern India.,Due to the exceptionallocation, Corbett possesses some of the breathtaking landscapes and unique wildlife. This variety of habitats, wet and dry, plain and mountainous, gentle and rugged, forests and grasslands – supports numerous plant and animal species, representing wildlife of Himalaya, foothills and plains of Indian subcontinent.
In the conservation history of India Corbett National park means so much more than the splendid landscape or diverse. Corbett National park and Tiger Reserve was named after the legendary naturalist-writer Jim Corbett who needs no introduction .
Corbett National Park is the pioneer in Indian wildlife conservation history. In the year 1933 Corbett attained the distinction of having the crown as the first National Park of Asia.It covers an area of 521 Sq. Km and together with the neighbouring Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary and Reserve Forest areas, forms the Corbett Tiger Reserve over 1288 sq. km.
Corbett has a very sensitive eco-system consist of rivers, streams, mountain ridges and vast grasslands. River Ramganga and its tributaries like Sonanadi, Mandal, Palain along with river Kosi, which not only played a significant role to design the landscape of Corbett National Park but also created such habitat where some of the highly endangered and threatened species like Gharial, Asian Elephant, Mahseer still surviving . Though Tigers in Corbett has its own appeal, but the herds of elephants with in the backdrop of setting sun in the grassland habitat is a sight to cherish for long.Flora and Fauna:
Altitude in Corbett varies from 400-1200 mtr and so the flora of Corbett varies along with the altitude. A total of 488 species of plants including 110 tree species have been recorded in the park area. Significantly 10 % of the total area consists of grassland. In upper reaches Pine and oak trees are found. Chir pine is the only pine species found here. In some parts of Corbett the vegetation is dominated by bamboo forest. The Density of forest is more in the Sal dominated area. Other species of moist deciduous forest found here are Haldu, Pipal, Rohini, Mango, Jamun etc. Secondary forest type is also reach in Corbett. Climbers and shrubs flourished dominantly along with other trees.
The Himalaya have been a source of awe and inspiration for millennia to countless individuals. It is the largest, tallest and geologically youngest mountain range on our planet. In India, it has been defived as Devbhumi--the home of the gods. The Himalaya is also one of the most fragile mountain regions of the world and hold an enormous repository of biological diversity.
Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP) is situated in Kullu valley of Himachal Pradesh. Though the conservation process had been going on since long ,yet the region was declared as a Nation Park only in 1999. The total area of the park is 754 sq.km. The NP includes four river valleys of Kullu, namely 1) Tirthan valley 2) Sainj valley 3) JiwaNal valley and 4) Parvati valley. There are also some echo zones and two wildlife sanctuaries, which are under the GHNP administration. Including all, the total area stretches upto 1171 sq.km. All four rivers mentioned above are the tributary of river Bias and are playing a vital role of sourcing water to it. The park is naturally protected on the northern, southern and eastern boundaries by the areas under permanent snow or by impassable mountain ridges. There is no motor able road inside the park. So one have to trek along the trails to visit the park. GHNP offers numerous opportunities to experience the natural environment of the Western Himalayan. To really appreciate this unique place one must get out into the landscape and do day hikes or ideally multi-day treks.
The Park and Kullu region offers excellent opportunities for bird watching, wildlife viewing, religious pilgrimages, cultural tours, and viewing local crafts and craft creation. There are options of rafting, climbing, fishing, attending a village festival, viewing local architecture, and sacred groves.Flora and Fauna:
GHNP holds a numerous species of trees which include subtropical Chir pine, mixed deciduous woods of the temperate zone with white and green oaks, coniferous horse chestnuts, blue pines etc. At around an altitude of 9000-11000 ft these forests gradually transform into smaller sized birches and rhododendrons with grassy patches of the sub alpine zone. Above these levels are the alpine meadows, which hold a variety of flowers and medicinal herbs. GHNP supports a diverse mammals life like Himalayan Tahr, Gorals, Blue Sheep, Black Bear, Brown Bear, Snow Leopard, Flying Squirrel, Red Fox, Musk Deer and others. The main strength of the park lies in its bird life. Around 200 species of birds have been recorded in the park and this park is one of the two national parks in the world having a population of endangered Western Tragopan, which is adopted as the symbol of the park.
Bandipur National Park, spreading over 874 sq. km at the foothills of Western Ghat is situated in the Chamarajanagar district of southern Karnataka state in India. The park is located on the southern part of Kabini River. This unique ecosystem, part of Nilgiri biosphere reserve is a bio-diversity hotspot of sothern India. Bandipur National Park together with Nagarhole National Park, Mudumalai National Park and Waynad Wildlife Sanctuary create the biggest protected forest area in southern India spreading over 2183 Sq. Km. 90 Sq.km. of forest in this area was converted into protected forest by Maharaja of Mysore in the year 1931. Later realizing the small size of the area for effective conservation of wildlife, it was increased over 800 Sq. Km and declared as National Park. Initially name of the park was Venugopala National Park. It was renamed as Bandipur National Park when government took the area under Project Tiger Scheme in the year 1974. The park is famous for its pristine forest and undulating landscape. Other than Kabini River, Nagor and Moyar River also flow through the park which helps to flourish the jungle of the area and also main source of water for the wildlife. Due to its location within Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and continuity with adjacent National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary which makes a corridor for the movement of wildlife, the Bandipur National Park creates a environment to flourish some of the endangered and endemic species of wildlife found in southern India.
Nagarhole National Park, also known as Rajiv Gandhi National Park is spread between Kodagu and Mysore district of Karnataka State in India. Bandipur National Park is located to the south of this park and picturesque Kabini reservoir separates these two. Together with Bandipur National Park, Mudumalai National Park and Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, the park forms the largest protected forest in southern India. This national park falls under Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and one of the bio-diversity hotspot of the country. This 643 Sq. Km. National park was established as Wildlife Sanctuary in the year 1955 and later in the year 1988 it converted into National Park. Originally the forest was the hunting reserve of the Maharajas of Mysore. The park got its name from the combination of two Kannada words, ‘Nagar’ means snake and ‘Hole’ means stream. The landscape of the park comprises of gentle slopes and shallow valleys with thick forest cover. Some rivers like Kabini & Lakshmmantirtha, numerous reservoir and other perennial streams crisscrossing the park area are the source of water for wildlife and is one of the reasons for developing rich ecological heritage within the park. The area receives more than 1400 mm of rainfall annually which shaped its natural forest in very vibrant way. Due to its presence within Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and proximity of Western Ghats hills, numerous endemic mammalian and avifaunal species flourished in the area.
Periyar National Park is the most famous protected area of entire south India. Set amidst the hills of Western Ghats along the border with Tamil Nadu, Periyar National Park is located within Idukki and Pathanamthitta district of Kerala state in India. The park surrounds the picturesque 26 Sq, Km Periyar Lake which was formed by building of Malluperiyar Dam on Periyar River. The reservoir and the Periyar River meander around the wooded hills of the park, providing permanent source of water for the local wildlife. Periyar National Park not only famous for its rich wildlife, but also appreciated worldwide for its scintillating landscape. From the 925 Sq.Km. of protected jungle 350 Sq. Km. of core area was declared as National Park in the year 1982. Uniqueness of this National park is that, at the same time it is under Reserve and Elephant Reserve. Topography of the park represent by lash green hills and high plateau. Numerous small streams pass through the park area. Approximately 75% of the entire protected area of Periyar is covered by uninterrupted evergreen or semi evergreen Rain Forest. Periyar is an example of Nature’s bounty with great scenic charm. Periyar National Park situated in the watershed of river Periyar and Pamba is a repository of rare, endemic and endangered species of flora and fauna found in southern India.Flora and Fauna:
Flora of the Periyar National Park is mostly consists of evergreen or semi evergreen forest. Nearly 2000 species of plants are recorded from the park area. 170 species of ferns and 145 species of orchids are found in the forest. The reservoirs and rivers of Periyar also hosts numerous aquatic plant species. Some of the tropical tree species found in the park are Vateria indica, Cullenia exarillata, Hopea parviflora, Canarium strictum, Bischofia javanica etc. out of all recorded plant species 320 species os plants have high medicinal value.
Total 62 species of mammals have been recorded from the Periyar National Park. There are an estimated 53 present in this reserve. But Periyar is most famous for its Elephant population of around 1000 individuals. Bank of Periyar Lake is the most common spot to get the herd of playful elephants. Leopards, Wild Dogs or Dhole, Indian Fox and Jackals are the prime carnivores species found in the park. Major herbivores species found here are represented by Gaur, Spotted Deer, Sambar, Barking Deer and Mouse Deer and elusive Nilgiri Tahr. Four species of primates – Lion-tailed Macaque, Nilgiri Langur, Common Langur and Bonnet Macaque are resident of the park. Other notable mammalian species found in the Periyar National Park are Leopard Cat, Jungle Cat, Fishing Cat, Rusty Spotted Cat, Slender Loris, Black Napped Hare, Small Indian Civet, Smooth Coated Otter, Common Otter, Giant Flying Squirrel, Travancore Flying Squirrel, Nilgiri Marten, Indian , Porcupine etc.
Himalaya, world’s highest mountain ranges standing as the guardian deity on the north frontier of India. The 2500 km long and 250 kilometers wide mountain range runs from Indus valley in the west and Brahmaputra valley in the eastern most corner of India
World’s highest Mountain peaks, such as Mt Everest, Mt Kanchendzungha, K2, Nuptse, Lotse, Annapurna, are a part of this giant mountain range, they are sacred in Hinduism, Buddhismand Sikhism.
Some of the world’s major river system originates from the Himalaya and their combined drainage basin is home to 2 billion people.Himalaya have eventually shaped the culture of South Asia.
Jeep safaris are the perfect way to discover less accessible and lesser-traveled terrains in the Himalaya in order to enjoy the immense natural beauty and experience the rich cultural heritage of the Himalaya.
Jeep safari in Ladakh
Jeep Safari in Kinnaur, Lahul, Spiti
Jeep Safari in Arunachal Pradesh
Trekking in the lesser-traveled and untraveled trails of the Himalaya offers the travelers to trek between the altitude of 2000 meters and six thousand meters and allows peeping into the kingdom of immense beauty and natural heritage.
The Sky High mountain passes, sprawling river valleys, lush green meadows sprinkle with splash of colors of wild Himalayan flowers, untamedrocky ridges, frozen glaciers offers solitude, tranquility, mental harmony and peace of mind.
Trekking in Ladakh
Trekking in Uttarakhand
Trekking in Himachal Pradesh
Trekking in Sikkim
India is a riverine country. Many a river in the country especially the North Indian Rivers present themselves as a collection of the best white water in the world within a small geographical location.
Ganges with its tributaries like, Ramganga in the northern part of India, Indus in the northern frontier of India, River Teesta in the Eastern part of the country are some of the best white waters to experience this thrilling adventure sports.
White Water rafting in Ganges
White Water rafting in Teesta
White water rafting in Indus
Apart from The Himalaya India have hills with rock faces and rocky outcrop in almost all parts of the country. The reason being its immense popularity of this sports among the youth of the country.
The thrill of this anti gravity game can be experienced in whichever part you visit in the country between October to April.
India is one of the birding hotspots of the world, 13 % of the global birding population which is over 1250 species birds have been recorded in the country among which about 141 species are endemic.
India has 13 bio-geographical regions, namely Trans Himalaya,. Western Himalaya, Eastern Himalaya, Dessert, Semi Arid, Central India, Deccan Pleateau, Eastern Ghats, Western Ghats, Gangetic Plain, North East, Coasts and Islands. These diverse regions are habitats of marvelous diverse birdlife.Delhi & around:
Bharatpur, Sultanpur, CorbettHimalaya:
Pangot, Sattal, Nainital Great Himalayan Natrional Park Rudraprayag, Chopta, Tunganath Singalila National Park, Barsey Rhodorendron Sanctuary, Neora Valley National Park, Mainam Sanctuary.Dessert:
Dessert National Park, Keechen, BikaneerSemi Arid:
Greater Rann of Kutchh, Little Rann Of KutchhCentral India:
Kanha ,Bandhavgarh, TadobaGangetic Plain:
Manas, Nameri, Eagle Nest, Kaziranga, Dibrusaikhowa, Mismi HillsCoast:
India “one of the oldest civilization on the earth” has rich cultural and natural heritage.
This vast country spreaded between The Himalaya in the north and Indian Ocean in the south, extraordinary landmass of Rann of Kutchh and Thar dessert in the west and the pristine rain forests in the east and North East, has unique diversity of nature.
Reason being people, culture, language, religion, customs, lifestyle and music are different in all parts of the country.
Indian landscape consists of the highest mountain range with several 8000 meters’ peaks, River basins of several famous rivers like Ganges, Brahamaputra, Indus, Thar dessert, Central Indian Plateau, forests, coastal hills, riverine island and vast seascape dotted with emerald green islands.
Due to the diverse eco system, India is the treasure trove of wildlife.
Otherelements of India’s uniqueness include sculpture, art forms, various fairs and festivals, different tribes residing in different area that has retained their ancient culture.
Endless photographic scopes and diversified subjects have made this country a top of the priority list for the photographers. Eminent photographers from the different field of photography craft itinerary for the photographers.Wildlife photographic tour
Khajuraho is World Heritage Site and an example of amazing ancient architecture.
In the temple architecture of India, the Khajuraho complex remains unique. One thousand years ago, under the generous and artistic patronage of the Chandela Rajput kings of Central India, 85 temples, magnificent in form and richly carved, came up on one site, near the village of Khajuraho. The amazingly short span of 100 years, from 950 AD - 1050 AD, saw the completion of all the temples, in an inspired burst of creativity. Today, of the original 85, only 22 have survived the ravages of time; these remain as a collective paean to life, to joy and to creativity; to the ultimate fusion of man with his creator. Why did the Chandelas choose Khajuraho or Khajirvahila - garden of dates, as it was known then - as the site for their stupendous creations? Even in those days it was no more than a small village. It is possible given the eclectic patronage of the Chandelas and the wide variety of beliefs represented in the temples, that they had the concept of forming a seat of religion and learning at Khajuraho. It is possible that the Chandelas were also believers in the powers of Tantrism; the cult which believes that the gratification of earthly desires is a step closer to the attainment of the infinite. It is certain however, that the temples represent the expression of a highly matured civilization. Yet another theory is that the erotica of Khajuraho, and indeed of other temples, had a specific purpose. In those days when boys lived in hermitages, following the Hindu law of being "brahmacharis" until they attained manhood, the only way they could prepare themselves for the worldly role of 'householder' was through the study of these sculptures and the earthly passions they depicted.
The creators of Khajuraho claimed descent from the moon. The legend that describes the origin of this great dynasty is a fascinating one: Hemavati, the beautiful young daughter of a Brahmin priest was seduced by the moon god while bathing in the Rati one evening. The child born of this union between a mortal and a god was a son, Chandravarman. Harassed by society, the unwed mother sought refuge in the dense forest of Central India where she was both mother and guru to her young son. The boy grew up to found the great Chandela dynasty. When he was established as a ruler, he had a dream-visitation from his mother, who implored him to build temples that would reveal human passions, and in doing so bring about a realization of the emptiness of human desire. Chandravarman began the construction of the first of the temples, successive rulers added to the fast growing complex.Places of interest
The architectural style of the Khajuraho temples is very different from the temple prototype of that period. Each stands, instead of within the customary enclosure, on a high masonry platform. Combined with the upward direction of the structure, which is further accentuated by vertical projections, the total effect is one of grace and lightness, reminiscent of the Himalayan peaks. Each of the chief compartments has its own roof, grouped in such a way that the highest is in the centre, the lowest over the portico, a triumph of skill and imagination in recreating the rising peaks of a range. The temples of Khajuraho are divided into three geographical groups: Western, Eastern and Southern.
Almost 2500 years back, a Prince from a small kingdom realized the true meaning of life and started the journey towards peace for mankind. Born as a prince, Siddhartha Gautama abandoned home in search of the meaning of existence. After attaining Enlightenment at Bodhgaya,, he shared the 4 Noble Truth of life. Buddha means "awakened one" or "enlightened one”. Buddha hood is nothing but the supreme state of mind to get ultimate peace and unshakable happiness irrespective of our earthly desires and problems. According to him one Buddha is hidden within every common mortal. Its our effort and “karma” which can surface it. Buddha continued to teach his philosophy throughout his life to his disciples. Initially Buddhism was a small sect. Great king Ashoka played a key role to spread Buddhism not only within India but also to Srilanka and Southeast Asia. Slowly Buddhism began to spread southwards from its place of origin in northern India to Burma, Thailand, Indo-China and other South East Asian countries. It also moved northwards into the Himalayan kingdoms like Sikkim, Bhutan, Nepal, Tibet, Mongolia, China, Korea, Japan and other parts of Central Asia. But India remains the heart of Buddhism .
In last thousand of years Buddhism flourished in the remotest part of India.. Monasteries immerged around fourth century BC as the work place of Buddhist community “ These monasteries are known as Gompa or Vihara in Buddhism. Thousand of manuscript, Thangkas, Murals and rock sculptures treasured the Monasteries of Himalaya and other part of India. Simple life of Lamas, colorful rituals & dances, art & craft of century old monasteries with picturesque backdrop will pull you to make a spiritual journey through this Buddha land.Ladakh:
Ladakh is the land of age old monasteries situated amidst some of the magical and enchanting landscape of the world. Buddhism was introduced in 2nd century and it entered through Kashmir. Later it spread all along Ladakh. Initially Ladakh accepted Tibetan guidance for religious matter for protecting themselves from Muslim invaders then slowly converted itself as a religious stronghold for Buddhism practitioners. Presently people and monasteries of Ladakh practice Tibetan Buddhism and make it a must visit destination for followers of Lord Buddha.
Variously known as "Pearl of the Orient" and a "Tourist Paradise", the state of Goa is located on the western coast of India in the coastal belt known as Konkan.
The magnificent scenic beauty and the architectural splendours of its temples, churches and old houses have made Goa a firm favourite with travellers around the world.
But then, Goa is much more than just beaches and sea. It has a soul which goes deep into unique history, rich culture and some of the prettiest natural scenery that India has to offer.
Much of the real Goa is in its interiors, both inside its buildings and in the hinterland away from the coastal area.
Legends from Hindu mythology credit Lord Parshuram, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu with the creation of Goa.
Over the centuries various dynasties have ruled Goa. Rashtrakutas, Kadambas, Silaharas, Chalukyas, Bahamani Muslims and most famously the Portuguese have been rulers of Goa. Goa was liberated by the Indian Army from Portuguese colonisation on December 19, 1961 and became an Union Territory along with the enclaves of Daman and Diu. On May 30, 1987 Goa was conferred statehood and became the 25th state of the Indian Republic. Having been the meeting point of races, religions and cultures of East and West over the centuries, Goa has a multi-hued and distinctive lifestyle quite different from the rest of India. Hindu and Catholic communities make up almost the entire population with minority representation of Muslims and other religions.All the communities have mutual respect towards one another and their secular outlook has given Goa a long and an unbroken tradition of religious harmony. The warm and tolerant nature of the Goans allows them to celebrate and enjoy the festivals of various religions such as Ganesh Chaturthi, Diwali, Christmas, Easter and Id with equal enthusiasm.
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1/2 C, Ballygunge Place East, Near Medical Factory,, Ballygunge Place,,
Kolkata-700019, West Bengal, India